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Common Ingredient Substitutions

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Ingredient Substitutions

There are times that without a trip to the store, a missing recipe ingredient can be replaced. This guide is about common recipe substitutions.

Solutions: Common Ingredient Substitutions

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Tip: Common Ingredient Substitutions

There have been times I wanted to tear my hair out because didn't have an ingredient at the last minute so here's my list of common ingredient substitutions that have worked for me in a pinch.

  • Allspice 1 tsp. = 1/2 tsp. cinnamon, 1/2 tsp. ground cloves

  • Apple Pie Spice 1 tsp. = 1/2 tsp. cinnamon, 1/4 tsp. nutmeg, 1/8 tsp. cardamom

  • Baking Powder 1 tsp. = 1/3 tsp. baking soda, 1/2 tsp. cream of tartar

  • Bay Leaf 1 whole = 1/4 tsp. crushed

  • Broth, Beef or Chicken 1 cup = 1 bullion cube dissolved in 1 cup boiling water OR 1 1/2 tsp. powdered base dissolved in 1 cup boiling water

  • Buttermilk 1 cup = 1 cup plain yogurt

  • Corn Syrup 1 cup = 1 1/4 cup light brown sugar, 1/3 cup water

  • Cornstarch for thickening 1 Tbsp. = 2 Tbsp. all-purpose flour

  • Fruit, fresh, cut up 1 1/2 cups = 16 oz. can, drained

  • Garlic 1 clove = 1 tsp. chopped garlic OR 1/2 tsp. minced garlic or 1/8 tsp garlic powder or 1/4 tsp. garlic salt

  • Chopped Herbs fresh 1 Tbsp. = 1/2 tsp. dried

  • Honey 1 cup = 1 1/4 cup sugar, 1/4 cup water

  • Ketchup 1 cup = 1 cup tomato sauce, 1/4 cup brown sugar, 2 Tbsp. vinegar

  • Lemon Juice 1 tsp. = 1/2 tsp. white vinegar

  • Milk, Whole 1 cup = 1/2 cup evaporated milk, 1/2 cup water

  • Mustard, Dry 1 tsp. = 1 Tbsp. prepared mustard

  • Onion, small, chopped = 1 Tbsp. onion powder

  • Pumpkin Pie Spice 1 tsp. = 1/2 tsp. cinnamon, 1/4 tsp. ginger, 1/8 tsp. allspice, 1/8 tsp. nutmeg

  • Sour Cream 1 cup = 1 cup plain yogurt or 3/4 cup milk, 3/4 tsp. lemon juice, 1/3 cup butter

  • Tomato Juice 1 cup = 1/2 cup tomato sauce, 1/2 cup water

  • Worcestershire Sauce 1 tsp. = 1 tsp. steak sauce (A1 would be my choice ;-)

By Deeli from Richland, WA

Tip: Substitution Shortcuts in the Kitchen

I run out of stuff a lot! I took recipe cards, wrote down substitutions that I can make up fast and taped them inside a kitchen cupboard door. Here are the ones I use a lot, others to follow!

  • 1 Tbsp. cornstarch for thickening: 2 Tbsp. flour

  • 1 cup fresh milk: 1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 tsp. soda. In your recipe, decrease baking powder 2 tsp., if needed

  • Sour Milk/ Buttermilk: 1 Tbsp. lemon juice of vinegar, 1 cup milk, stir and let stand for a couple of minutes.

  • 1 square unsweetened chocolate (1 oz.): 3 Tbsp. cocoa plus 1 Tbsp. vegetable oil

  • 1 cup honey: 11/4 cups sugar plus 1/4 cup liquid.

  • 1 cup canned tomatoes: 1 and 1/3 cup diced fresh tomatoes, simmered about 10 minutes.

There you go! I also make up hints for gifts at bridal showers!

Source: My very old Betty Crocker cookbook

By

Tip: Easy Substitution List

I keep this list inside my cookbook in case I am ever in a pinch for alternative ingredients.

Easy Substitutions

If the recipe calls for:

Cheese

  • cream cheese: cottage cheese blended with butter or milk.
  • ricotta cheese: cottage cheese.
  • romano cheese: Parmesan cheese

Flour

  • sifted all-purpose flour (1 cup): 1 cup less 2 Tbsp. unsifted all-purpose flour.
  • sifted cake flour (1 cup): 1 cup less 2 Tbsp. sifted all-purpose flour.
  • self rising flour (1 cup): 1 cup sifted all-purpose flour plus 1 1/2 tsp. baking powder and a pinch of salt.

Milk/Cream

  • buttermilk (1 cup): 1 cup plain yogurt, or 1 Tbsp. lemon juice or vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup, let stand 5 minutes before using.
  • heavy cream or half and half (1 cup): 7/8 cup whole milk plus 1 1/2 Tbsp. butter.
  • sour cream (1 cup): 1 cup plain yogurt.
  • whole milk (1 cup): 1 cup skim or non-fat milk plus 2 tablespoons butter or margarine.

Sugar

  • confectioners' sugar (1 cup): 1/2 cup plus one Tbsp. granulated sugar.
  • granulated sugar (1 cup): 1 3/4 cups confectioners' sugar, or 1 cup packed light brown sugar, or 3/4 cup honey.
  • brown sugar (1/2 cup): 1/2 cup granulated sugar and 2 Tbsp. molasses.

Other

  • lemon juice (1 Tbsp.): 1/2 Tbsp. vinegar.
  • chopped apples (1 cup): 1 cup chopped pears plus 1 Tbsp. lemon juice.
  • double-acting baking powder (1 tsp.): 1/4 tsp. cream of tartar plus 1/4 tsp. baking soda.
  • dark corn syrup (1 cup): 3/4 cup light corn syrup plus 1/4 cup molasses.
  • dry bread crumbs (1 cup): 3/4 cup cracker crumbs or 1 cup corn flake crumbs.
  • unsweetened chocolate (1 oz.): 3 Tbsp. unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1 Tbsp. butter.
By Paula from Christmas, MI

Article: Substitutions in the Kitchen

Have you ever started mixing ingredients for a recipe, get halfway through the list, and Uh-Oh, discover that you are out of an ingredient? Well, sometimes it is something that can safely be omitted.

It may alter the recipe slightly, but not ruin it. For example, that teaspoon of vanilla will probably never be missed. Or perhaps you can substitute a little lemon, almond, or other flavoring in its place. Other ingredients make a big difference, and you cannot continue without a trip to the store. Or a suitable substitute.

Here is a list of many suitable substitutions that I have gleaned from various sources over the years.

If it calls for:Use instead:
1 tsp. baking powder 1/2 tsp cream of tartar plus 1/3 tsp baking soda
1 tsp allspice1/2 tsp cinnamon plus 1/8 tsp ground cloves
1 Tbsp Prepared Mustard1 tsp dry mustard
3/4 cup cracker crumbs1 cup dry breadcrumbs
1 square baking chocolate3 Tbsp unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1 Tbsp. oil
1 cup brown sugar1/2 cup granulated sugar, 1/2 cup molasses, 1/4 tsp soda
1 cup light corn syrup1 cup granulated sugar plus 1/4 cup water
1 cup honey1 1/4 cup sugar plus 1/4 cup water
1 cup powdered sugar1 cup sugar plus 1 Tbsp cornstarch. Process in blender.
1 cup sugar1 cup packed brown sugar or 2 cups powdered sugar
1 cup light cream1 Tbsp melted butter plus enough milk to make 1 cup
1 egg2 egg whites plus 1 tsp vegetable oil
1 cup sour milk or buttermilk1Tbsp lemon juice or vinegar, then fill the cup with milk
1 cup Yogurt1 cup sour cream or 1 cup buttermilk or 1 cup cottage cheese, blended till smooth
1 cup Nuts (in baked products) 1 cup rolled oats, oven toasted
1 cup Catsup (for cooking)1 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup sugar and 2 Tbsp vinegar
1 Tbsp raw Ginger1/8 tsp ground powdered Ginger
lemon juice of 1 lemon2-3 Tbsp lemon juice (Realemon)
1 tsp lemon juice1/2 tsp vinegar
1 cup miniature marshmallows10 large marshmallows, snipped with wet scissors
Herbs 1 Tbsp fresh1 tsp dried Herbs
1 cup self rising flour1 cup all purpose flour plus 1 1/4 tsp baking powder & 1/4 tsp salt
Tomatoes:
2 cups chopped fresh16 oz canned tomatoes, drained
1 cup tomato juice1/2 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup water
2 cups tomato sauce3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water
1 can tomato soup1 cup tomato sauce plus 1/4 cup water

You may substitute up to half the shortening or margarine in a recipe with applesauce in baked desserts.

Self Rising Flour

I make this up regularly and keep it on hand .

  • 8 cups all purpose flour
  • 5 Tbsp. baking powder
  • 2 Tbsp sugar
  • 1 Tbsp salt

Combine all ingredients and sift together 3 times.

Store in a Ziplock bag or a large coffee can with plastic lid.

Print this out and keep it handy.....you never know when you are going to need it.

By Harlean Greathouse

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Questions

Here are questions related to Common Ingredient Substitutions.

Question: Powdered Substitute for Hot Sauce

I love hot sauce, especially the Tabasco brand. I'm looking for a powdered substitute, that comes in a shaker type bottle like seasoning salt. Any ideas? Thanks.

By kf4tqj from N.E. Alabama


Most Recent Answer

By DEB SEDLARIK06/05/2009

There is one that I get from the local farmers market here in Flint, Michigan.
"It's called slap ya mama"
it can be purchased on-line @
slapyamama.com
It is awesome,there is 3 levels of hot, too.
They have a great cream cheese dip recipe also. Hope this is what your looking for.
You can e-mail me if you have a problem,
@ dah4301958 at aol.com

Question: Mrs. Dash Sauce Substitute

Another question from an Aussie! Can someone please tell me what Mrs. Dash sauce is? We can't buy that here in Australia and I'm not sure what I could substitute. Would I be able to substitute a tomato or BBQ sauce?

Julie from Sydney, Australia


Most Recent Answer

By lesley [1]07/20/2007

Hi there Down Under! Ok, Mrs. Dash has a website, the "sauces" advertized are marinades > 6 varieties. Check them out.....they seem to be a combination of a number of herbs & spices, vinegars, veggie/meat stock, and some have tomatoe sauce in them. If you want a marinade for any meat try this:

1/2 cup BBQ sauce (spicey)
1/4 cup vinegar (white )
1/4 cup orange juice
1/2 tsp black pepper
1/2 tsp garlic salt

Mix together well. Can be used as a marinade > let meat (any meat or chicken) marinate in the mixture for min 2 hrs (is the best left over night) covered in the refridgerator, remove meat & cook/bbq as desired.

OR
Cook meat in the sauce in a crockpot for 6-8 hrs, or bake in the oven in a casserole dish, 350 degrees
for 1 1/2 hrs.

Good Luck, and enjoy!