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Growing Tomatoes

Growing Tomatoes, Red Tomatoes on White Background

Tomatoes are a very rewarding addition to any garden. They are relatively easy to grow and you won't have any trouble finding ways to use them at the dinner table. This is a guide about growing tomatoes.


Solutions: Growing Tomatoes

Read and rate the best solutions below by giving them a "thumbs up".

Tip: Wrap Green Tomatoes to Ripen

One year when I had planted my tomatoes late in the season I had lots of green tomatoes left on the vines when I needed to get them off or lose them all. I picked them all and wrapped each separately in newspaper. I layered them in a box only 2 layers high, and stored them in a cool dark place. Check them once a week.

If when you unwrap a tomato and it has started to turn red leave unwrapped put it where you can keep an eye on it. The tomato will finish turning red and ripen and you will have a fresh ripe tomato in the middle of the winter. When I did this I had lots of green tomatoes, I ended up with fresh ripe tomatoes until February of the next year.

There is nothing like a fresh home grown tomato in the winter months. Just be sure and check them all or some may rot and cause others around it to rot. It is a little work, but oh, so worth it. I heard about this from somewhere else but can't remember where.

By Cora from N.C.

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Tip: Plant Tomatoes Horizontally

Locals in my area recommend planting tomatoes on their sides rather than vertically for better developed roots systems and healthier, stronger plants. I dug individual trenches for each plant, added fertilizer, compost and a few tablespoons of sugar for sweetening the flavor of the fruit. The young plants went in horizontally with tops only laying on the ground.

In less than a day, the greenery was pointing up to the sun. The plants are so strong that they survived a major deer grazing without missing a proverbial beat! Although I started my garden late this year, I'm very impressed with the health strength and fruit setting on these 29 plants. I thank the N. GA locals for their sage advice!

By Maria R. from Blue Ridge, GA

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Article: What To Do With Green Tomatoes

Green tomatoes growing on the vine.Waiting for a late-crop of tomatoes to go from green to red on the vine can seem like an eternity-especially in late August and early September, when fall is looming just around the corner. If at the end of your growing season you find yourself with a bushel of unripe, green tomatoes don't despair, and whatever you do, don't throw them out. You can easily harvest them and ripen them indoors, or make use of them in some great, green tomato recipes.

Ripening Tomatoes Indoors

Tomatoes ripen best between 60-70 F (extended exposure to cooler or warmer temperatures will interfere with the ripening process and affect the flavor). Tomatoes that are ripened for storage should be picked when they are fully mature in size, and have turned pale pink, to light green or white in color. Small fruits and those greener in color will neither ripen, nor develop satisfactory flavor. Save these for your favorite green tomato pickle recipes.

There are two ways to ripen tomatoes indoors:

Harvest them individually. Pick them, lay them in an open cardboard box (one to two layers deep), cover the top with newspaper, and store them at room temperature.

Harvest whole plants. If frost is imminent, the entire plant can also be taken up (tomatoes still intact) and brought inside. Hang the plants to dry upside down from the ceiling in the basement, and the fruits will continue to "ripen on the vine".

No matter what method you choose, check on your tomatoes every few days to toss any that may have spoiled. Mature green tomatoes will ripen in approximately 14 days at 70 degrees F and 28 days at 55 degrees F.

Cooking With Green Tomatoes

Green tomatoes don't have the same bold taste of fresh, fully ripe tomatoes, and that's a good thing. Their mild, sweet flavor (think zucchini) means it's easy to integrate them into a wide variety of recipes. From breads and soup, to jams, sauces, and casseroles, a quick search of the web will yield hundreds of recipes designed to showcase green tomatoes. Here are just three examples:

Fried Green Tomatoes

This traditional favorite is probably the first recipe that comes to mind when cooking with green tomatoes. It's quick and easy. Just dip tomato slices in a batter of flour, cornmeal, and egg before frying in oil. If you want to add a little spice, shake a few drops of hot sauce into the batter.

Green Tomato Pickles

Follow any traditional recipe for making dill pickles or bread and butter pickles and substitute green cherry tomatoes for cucumbers. This principle works for relish recipes as well. Enjoy your martinis with olives? Try a pickled green cherry tomato instead.

Green Tomato Mincemeat

A great alternative to this traditional holiday favorite is to combine chopped green tomatoes with chopped apples and simmer with traditional mincemeat ingredients: raisins, sugar, vinegar, lemon juice, cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves. Pour over vanilla ice cream or use it as a pie filling.

Selecting Green Tomatoes for Cooking

Not all green tomatoes taste the same. Recipes calling for green tomatoes are referring to "unripe" (red) tomatoes, not varieties bred to stay green. Fully grown green tomatoes tend to taste less bitter than smaller ones. Save the smaller tomatoes for recipes featuring stronger-tasting ingredients like pickles and salsa. Before adding green tomatoes to any recipes, "core" them by removing the fibrous, woody stem and the pea-sized inner core.

By Ellen Brown

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Tip: Powdered Milk for Tomato Plants

Powdered milk can also be a fertilizer for your tomato plants. When you're ready to put your tomato plants in the ground, put a handful of powdered milk in the bottom of each hole first.

    By Charlotte Lenox [3]

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    Tip: Growing Tomatoes, Flowers And Veggies In Potting Soil Bags

    If you live in an apartment with only a small balcony, have super-rocky soil, or are just down-right lazy like me, you can grow tomatoes, flowers and other plants in the same bag the potting soil comes in! All you do is poke drainage holes on one side of the bag, then lay the bag flat with the drainage holes towards the ground. Next, cut a criss-cross shaped hole on the side that faces up with a sharp knife or razor blade. Now simply plant your flower or veggie starts into the cross shaped hole or holes, cover with soil and close the criss-cross hole and mulch over the top of the bag to keep the roots cool. Another bonus to gardening this way is you don't have to water very often as the plastic bag helps keep the water in.

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    Tip: Reroot Tomato Suckers as New Plant

    Reroot Tomato Suckers as New Plantsmall sucker inside plastic bottle

    Cut tomato suckers, bury them in garden soil with added vermiculite (which absorbs 10x its weight in water), cover with a clear juice jug with bottom cut out and no lid. Keep it watered and it will root. New plant! Now that's thrifty.

      By Catherine Young W. [1]

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      Tip: Growing Big Tomatoes

      If you like big ripe tomatoes, stick your tomato or tie it to a garden fence to keep it off the ground. Then when it gets growing good, take all the small branches off, leaving the 4 biggest branches.

      When more suckers start to grow, pinch them off of the plant as they will take the nutrients that will make your tomato grow bigger. Keep them watered if it doesn't rain.

      You will be proud of yourself when you take off them big red tomatoes.

      By mamacrafter from TN

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      Tip: Use Epsom Salts for More Tomatoes

      Place about 2 tablespoons of Epsom salt around your tomato plants! Your plants will be full of tomatoes.

        By rj101 [1]

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        Tip: Use Pool Noodles to Protect Tomatoes

        Use Pool Noodles to Protect TomatoesWhen I plant tomatoes, I put the wire rings around them. They invariably grow over the top of the metal rings and since they get heavy and there is no cushion, it cuts the stem almost in half. I solved this problem by buying the noodles at the dollar store, slitting them in half but only the first layer. Then I cut them to fit the metal ring.

        By Elaine from Belle Plaine, IA

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        Article: Tips for Tomato Growers

        Two tomatoes on vine sprinkled with water

        Tomatoes are America's most popular garden crop, but they are not necessarily the easiest crop to grow. Even the most experienced gardeners occasionally find themselves at a loss as to why their tomato plants fail. Here are a few helpful guidelines for understanding tomatoes. The more you know about their needs and growth habits, the easier it will be to cope with their sometimes puzzling behavior.

        Developing a Fertilizing Schedule

        Tomato plants have a heavy workload, so their soil needs to provide them with a good supply of nutrients. To produce a crop of fruit successfully, they require moderate levels of nitrogen and phosphorus and moderate to high levels of potassium and calcium. Before planting seedlings, mix 1 cup of kelp meal and 1 cup of bone meal into the bottom of the planting hole. This will provide your plants with the necessary potassium and phosphorus. As long as you are starting with good soil, no additional feeding should be necessary until fruit is set.

        Once fruit is set, feed plants monthly with an organic fertilizer that is low in nitrogen and high in phosphorus and medium to high in potassium. If your plants are starting out in poor soil, water your plants weekly with 1 cup of a fish emulsion solution (1 Tbsp. fish emulsion per gallon of water). Continue this from planting until the first blossoms form.

        Uniform Watering is Key

        In the early stages of growth, before fruit has set, it is a good idea to put the plant under slight stress by stretching out the length of time between watering. After fruit has set, however, it's important to maintain uniform soil moisture. Fluctuating wet and dry spells can bring on stunting of plants, blossom-end rot and a host of other problems.

        • Fruit crack: If soil moisture varies too much- if the soil gets too dry and then it rains, for example - the fruit can experience a growth spurt, which may cause the skin to split and crack. If droughts are common to your area, plant crack-resistant varieties.

        Failure to Set Fruit

        • Prolonged moisture: Rain or prolonged humid conditions hamper fruit set. Gardeners growing tomatoes in cool, humid climates have found that fruit set can be increased by shaking the plant (or tapping the stakes of trained plants) to release pollen. Do this in the middle of the afternoon when the temperature is highest and the humidity is low.
        • Temperature: Tomato plants are quite fussy when it comes to air temperature (especially at night). They won't set fruit when temperatures fall below 55 degrees or rise above 100 degrees F. In many cases the plants will flower, but the blossoms simply drop off before they are fertilized. One way to avoid this problem is to start the season with early maturing varieties, which have been bred to set fruit at lower temperatures.

          Once the weather warms up, plant your main season varieties. Row covers can also provide a bit of protection from weather that is too cold. Use them in the spring until the weather warms up.

        • Too much nitrogen: Tomato plants sometimes fail to move from the growing stage to the fruiting stage of growth if they are given too much nitrogen early on in their development. Excess nitrogen and lots of water encourages young plants to keep on producing foliage at the expense of fruit. You can help the plant switch over to the fruiting stage by pinching out some of the terminal shoots, or by withholding water to check growth.

        Sun Scald

        When temperatures rise above 86 degrees F and the sun is at its most intense, fruit that is exposed to direct sunlight can fail to develop good, even red color. In climates where high summer temperatures are the norm, try to select varieties known for having a good dense foliage cover that will help protect developing fruit.

        Leaf Curl

        • Hot weather: During midday summer heat or after a prolonged period of wet weather, a certain amount of leaf curl and wilt is normal- some varieties showing more sensitivity than others. For tomatoes growing in containers, wilted, droopy top-growth is their way of signaling the need for more water. Heavy pruning also seems to encourage leaf curl in some varieties.
        • Tobacco mosaic virus: This is a disease spread on seeds and by contact - not contact by insects, but by way of contaminated tools or even a gardeners own hands (smokers can spread it because it is often present in cigarette tobacco). Affected plants will have leaves that are curled and/or mottled, with discolored pale green or yellow fruits.

        Misshapen Fruits, Dropped Leaves, & Other Evils

        Tomato problems are usually caused by nutrient deficiencies, viruses, fungi, or insects. Some tomato varieties are more resistant to problems than others, and as always, good cultural practices can go a long way in reducing or eliminating many problems.

        • Blossom-end rot: Blossom-end rot appears as a large, leathery scar (rot) on the blossom end of the fruits. It can occur at any stage of development, and is usually caused by a lack of calcium. The calcium may be present in the soil, but it's not being transported to the fruits where it's needed, usually as a result of uneven watering. Blossom-end rot can also affect the inside of the fruit. When this happens, the outside of the tomato appears normal, while the inside is rotten and fuzzy.
        • Catfacing: The fruits are misshapen with bulges, crevices, scars or holes at the blossom ends. Catfacing is caused by anything that damages the fruit as it begins to develop within the flower. This includes heat, dry soil, excessive nitrogen, and especially, cold temperatures.
        • Fungal diseases: Early blight and tomato late blight are fungal diseases that are active during periods of warm, moist weather. The spores are usually spread by wind, splashing water, or contaminated tools. Early blight appears as irregularly shaped spots on lower leaves with a subtle bull's-eye pattern, and then gradually infects higher sets of leaves. Eventually, the infected leaves turn yellow and drop off, and the fruits develop dark, sunken blemishes.

          Late blight appears as dark green or brown patches on leaves and stems. Gray fuzz may appear on the undersides of leaves, while the stem ends of the fruit develop slimy brown patches.

        • Wilts: The other two major tomato diseases are fusarium or verticillium wilt. Plants may become affected early in the season, while the symptoms show up later - often just as the fruit starts to ripen. One day your tomato plants look fine, and the next day they are suddenly yellow and wilted.

        The best ways to avoid tomato problems is to follow good cultural practices and start with disease-resistant plants. In catalogs and on plant tags, initials given after the variety name indicates kinds of resistance. Double initials indicate resistance to more than one strain of that type of disease.

        V = verticillium wilt; F = fusarium wilt; T = tobacco mosaic virus; A = alternaria (early blight).

        By Ellen Brown

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        Tip: Speed Up Tomato Growth with Tablecloths

        Red tablecloths over soil.Instead of spending $12 on a roll of red plastic to put around our tomato plants (to speed up growth) we purchased 2 red plastic tablecloths from a Dollar Store. They worked great!

        By Ellen from Ware, MA

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        Article: Supporting and Training Your Tomato Plants

        Tomato With Cage Supporting ItFor many gardeners, tomatoes are one of the most prized vegetables in the garden. Whether you grow them in pots on your patio, or directly in your garden, staking them and training them to grow on supports will help reduce the potential of fruit loss due to sunburn, insects, and disease.

        By Ellen Brown

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        Tip: Doubling Your Tomato Crop

        tomato plant on its side 2

        I stirred in a slow release organic veggie fertilizer, crushed egg shells (and/or oyster shells), along with peat moss, vermiculite, compost, and a bit of potting soil. The shells will slowly release calcium which prevents blossom end rot.

        Also, I am trying a new trick I learned. You lay the new tomato plants on their sides, in their store bought pots, for a couple days. This causes the top end of the plant to reach upwards, towards the sun. Once it has grown upwards, cut off the leaves on the part that is parallel to the ground.

        tomato plant on its side 1

        Make sure the stem is in contact with the dirt, as this encourages roots to sprout where the leaves were. Once it starts showing new roots, bury that part of the plant completely in soil. This is supposed to double the plant's tomato output.

        tomato plant on its side 3

        It also makes for a sturdier plant that is less top heavy and is more capable of supporting heavy tomatoes. That way if a branch breaks from the weight of giant tomato, you run less risk of losing the entire plant from having it break or split the main stem. It also will help the plant take in way more nutrients as it has more roots then a plant just potted in the ground straight up and down.

          By Bella Blue [46]

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          Tip: Planting Tomatoes in Milk Jugs

          Growing tomatoes in a milk jug.I plant my tomatoes in the bottom of milk jugs, with another plant on top such as peppers, and eggplants. I also made two milk jugs into a self watering planter for my strawberries, and used drink bottles to make a self watering, mini green house for the rose cuttings I'm propagating. I fed my plants used coffee grounds, and they loved it, their stems and roots seemed to double in size! Here is a recent picture of my garden.

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          Article: Growing Tomatoes

          Ripening tomatoes.

          Botanical Name:

          Lycopersicon esculentum


          Tomatoes are members of the nightshade family. Originally from South and Central America, today the tomato is grown worldwide for its brightly colored, edible fruits. Red tomatoes contain the pigment lycopene, a well-known antioxidant thought to help prevent some cancers.

          Planting Time:

          Sow seeds outdoors when air and soil temperatures reach 60F. Set transplants out when nighttime temperatures stay above 50F. Sow seeds indoors 6 to 8 weeks before transplanting.


          full sun


          loose, well-drained, nutrient-rich soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.8.


          Plant seedlings in large holes supplemented with kelp and bone meal to provide plants with the extra potassium and phosphorus they need. Allow at least 2 to 3 feet between staked plants in rows spaced 3 feet apart. Sow seeds directly 1/2 inch deep and 2 inches apart. To plant tomatoes in trenches, strip all but the top sets of leaves from plants and place them on their sides in a 2 to 3 inch trench. Firm the soil around the plants and as they grow, the plants will turn upward while the buried stems produce roots. Use this method if transplants are tall and leggy at planting time.


          Tomatoes are also well suited to growing in containers. Look for cultivars that are specifically bred to be patio' plants.


          Keep soil evenly moist (not wet). Water from the ground and early in the day to help prevent disease. Keep plants watered well during dry periods.


          Support plants with stakes or cages if necessary. Snap off any suckers (off-shoots) that appear between the main stem and the stems of the leaves to focus the plant's energy on producing fruit. If your soil is poor in nutrients, feed plants a solution containing fish emulsion once per week until the plants flower. If plants are growing vigorously with dark green leaves, they do not need nitrogen. Too much will increase leaf production and decrease fruit production. On the other hand, yellowing leaves may indicate a need to add nitrogen. Areas with extremely warm summer temperatures may need to protect fruit from sun scald and prevent blossom drop.

          Harvesting & Storage:

          Tomatoes are ready to harvest when they have developed their full, mature color. Harvest them ripe or while still slightly green and let them ripen at room temperature out of direct sunlight. Cold causes flavor loss so do not refrigerate them. Harvest all remaining tomatoes before the first hard frost. Freeze extras, or if still green, store them in a box filled with newspaper in a dark room (at 55 to 60F) and they will continue to ripen over several weeks.

          Diseases and Pests:

          Unfortunately, tomatoes are susceptible to damage from a wide variety of insects and diseases. Purchase seeds or plants that are resistant to common tomato diseases and don't plant in areas that have had tomato troubles in the past. Keep soil moisture consistent to help prevent fruit from cracking and water plants early in the day (from the ground) so leaves have time to dry before nightfall. Check for worms and caterpillars that can be picked off by hand and for signs of aphid infestations that can be sprayed off with a hose.

          Tips to Success:

          Tomatoes cultivars are either determinate (grow to a specific height, flower and produce in short time) or indeterminate (grow, flower and fruit over a long period of time). Determinant tomatoes are good for large crops used for canning. Indeterminate varieties are best if you want to pick tomatoes to eat fresh.

          Many of today's tomatoes are hybrids and won't breed true if seeds are saved and planted the following season. If growing plants with the intention of saving seed, choose heirloom varieties for offspring that reproduce true to their mother plant. Mixing some lime into the soil adds calcium that will help balance soil minerals, helping prevent some types of fruit deformities as well as blossom end rot.

          By Ellen Brown

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          Tip: Growing Tomatoes In Black Plastic Bags

          three tomatoes


          Another poster on here mentioned using black plastic bags as containers for growing tomatoes. I was wondering if anyone could elaborate on that method?

          Hardiness Zone: 6a

          Tami from MO


          Hi Tami,

          Some folks swear by this method, while others swear at it. Essentially, growing tomatoes upside down in bags or buckets is an inexpensive do-it-yourself version of some of the more expensive systems, like the Topsy Turvey planter, that are now offered to consumers in garden catalogues. The theory is that growing tomatoes this way produces bigger yields and affords fewer problems with insects and disease. In addition, no pruning, no weeding, and no staking is required and the plants benefit from increased air circulation. As long as you have a sunny spot, it's a great way to save on garden space, or for apartment dwellers, to maximize the limited space of a balcony or patio. The bags can be hung from S hooks attached to eaves or railings, or by suspending them from shepherd's hooks, or even clotheslines.

          I have never tried it, but the idea is simple. Get yourself a sturdy plastic bag (it needs to be able to hold a large amount of wet soil) or a 5-gallon bucket with a metal handle. Carefully slip the tomato plant into the hole (roots first) so that the leaves are sticking out the bottom. Holding the plant in place, start filling the bag (or bucket) with a lightweight soil mix (try a mixture consisting of 50% damp sphagnum peat moss, 30% compost, and 20% perlite). Fill in evenly around the plant and tip the bucket carefully upside down to test whether or not the plant is securely anchored into the soil. Some people place a paper towel around the plant's roots or place a sheet of newspaper on the bottom of the container before pushing the tomato plant through. This helps keep it from slipping out of the hole while you're adding soil. Fill the rest of the bag to within an inch or so from the top. Hang in a sunny spot and water as needed from the top.

          Keep in mind that small fruiting varieties will be lighter. Also, tomatoes like heat. Cover the top of the soil with a layer of mulch or fasten a dark-colored cloth over the open end of the bucket. This will hold in moisture and heat, and help keep insects out. I've also heard of people planting annuals on the topside of their buckets to help hold in moisture and make the apparatus look more attractive. Double duty! Other container ideas include large plastic nursery pots, burlap sacks, or 2-liter soda bottles. Make sure you water frequently, like you would with any container-grown plant.

          Have fun!


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          Tip: Tomato Planting Tips

          Tomatoes are touchy about getting too much rain or water overhead. First of all, plant the tomatoes as deeply as you can but not with the leaves touching the ground. In between the plants, bury 4 pint plastic milk containers. However before burying them, punch holes all over, well spaced holes. Fill them with water so they are watered from below. Make a teepee shaped clear plastic cover and stake on one side so you can refill water and early fertilizer.

          By Bev from Chilliwack, BC

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          Article: Tomato Growing Secrets

          Tomato growing secrets submitted by the ThriftyFun community. Photo of three tomatoes.

          Tips For Cracking And End Rot

          The number 1 secret for growing great tomatoes is water control. A tomato is 90% water. It needs a constant supply of water measured out on a consistent basis. This helps maintain growth and keeps the skin pliable. Split tomatoes usually occur after a dry spell, and a deluge of water, such as a hard rain or a long overdue watering. Easiest method to prevent this is by mulching after the soil has warmed.

          The next most frequent problem is end rot. The best solution is staking and tying up the tomatoes and getting a soil test. The usual problem is Calcium deficiency. Laying on the ground just accelerates the problem.

          By Christopher07

          Water Often

          Tomatoes need lots of water. When young, water every day. When more mature, use a sprinkler for 10-20 minutes every other day or so depending on heat. This deep waters them. When they are almost ripe (orange) cut down on watering them, as this makes them ripen. Early Girl, Big Boy and Beefsteak are good varieties here, but you might want to check with feed stores, garden centers or neighbors to find the best variety for your area.

          By Laramay

          Epsom Salts And Watering Tips

          I agree with the others. I've found a handful of Epsom salts in the planting hole also helps a lot.

          Mulch will stave off lots of problems. Deep watering will also help. Here in zone 7, we sometimes dig a hole beside the planting hole and set a 2 liter pop bottle with holes punched in the bottom into that hole, and backfill the dirt. Keep the cap. Fill the bottle with water and adjust the cap to allow the water to flow out the holes-- works well. However (isn't there always one of those!), this spring we were rained upon. Like I was asking folks if they'd started their own "ark" and some of my bottles floated out of the ground, funny!

          By 2oma

          Sweet 100 Cherry Tomatoes

          If you like cherry tomatoes, I recommend Sweet 100. I've never had a problem with them (I'm in Northeastern Ohio, I think we're zone 5) and I eat them right off the vine!

          By Maryeileen

          Use Cuttings

          I have a friend who swears by cuttings. So much that she'll buy the plants already grown or start them from seed, only to pinch off the top 6-8 inches and replant it in the ground. I've tried this, and it does work well. I'm not great with tomatoes, though, so I'm not going to be the best judge on whether or not this is THE way to go. I've had pretty good luck with this method, so she may be on to something. When you replant the cutting, though, be sure to water the heck out of it the first week or so until it stands back up. It looks really sad when you first stick it in the ground.

          By Beth - MA

          Water And Manure "Tea"

          I water them every other day. I did get a hold of some horse manure and I made tea out of it and also I put some all over my garden. Just make sure it is dry. The wet stuff I made the tea with. Here is a picture of one of my tomatoes.

          By Joyce Wis

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          Tip: Irrigation Jugs for Tomato Plants

          It will soon be time to plant tomato plants. This is a great way to make sure they get water all summer long.

          After your soil has been prepared to planting, and you have your tomato plant or plants ready to put into the soil, do this. Take a 1 gallon plastic milk or juice jug, poke or cut a small hole near one corner (be sure to save the cap). Plant your tomato plant and bury the jug (with the hole toward the plant), up to the neck next to the plant. Then fill the jug with water. Make sure you plant after the last frost. If another frost is suspected, cover both plants and jugs to protect against freezing.

          Planting the jugs filled with water cuts down on the daily watering and ensures that the tomatoes are big and healthy. Be sure to check the jugs periodically to refill with water.

          By Connie from Oden, Arkansas

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          Article: Trouble Shooting Tomato Problems

          One of the greatest joys of the gardening season is harvesting plump juicy tomatoes. If your harvest is less than you hoped for this year, here is a guide to diagnosing and treating some common tomato troubles.

          Symptom Possible Causes Possible Cures
          Young plants dying Fertilizer burn Mix fertilizer in thoroughly with soil.
          Disease (damping-off) Treat seed; avoid over watering.
          Stunted plants Low soil fertility Test soil to determine fertilizer needs.
          Stunted plants-pale yellow in color Low soil pH (too acid) Test soil for lime recommendations.
          Poor soil drainage Increase drainage by adding organic matter.
          Shallow compacted soil Work soil to greater depth
          Insects or diseases Identify and use control measures.
          Nematodes Test soil and treat as recommended.
          yellow plum tomatoes
          Symptom Possible Causes Possible Cures
          Stunted plants-purplish in color Temperatures too cool Plant at recommended time
          Lack of phosphorus Add phosphorus fertilizer
          Holes in leaves Insects Identify and control as recommended
          Hail Be thankful your plants are still standing!
          Spots, molds, darkened areas on leaves and stems Disease Identify, spray or dust with environmentally safe control, use disease resistant varieties.
          Fertilizer burn Keep fertilizer off plants
          fertilizer burn
          Symptom Possible Causes Possible Cures
          Wilting plants Dry soil Excess water in soil Irrigate consistently Drain if possible, reduce watering until soil is dry
          Nematodes Test soil and treat as recommended
          Disease Use resistant varieties if possible
          wilting leaves
          Symptom Possible Causes Possible Cures
          Weak, spindly plants Too much shade Excessive water Move to sunny location Avoid over watering
          Plants planted too thickly Excess of nitrogen Space plants farther apart Avoid over fertilization
          Blossoms appear, but few fruits develop Temperatures too hot Plant at recommended times
          Excessive nitrogen Avoid excessive fertilization
          Insects Identify and control as needed
          Tomato leaf curl Heavy pruning in hot weather Dont prune in hot weather
          Disease Identify and control as needed
          Dry brown to black rot on blossom end of tomato Low soil calcium levels Amend soil with lime
          Excessively dry soil. Amend soil with lime. Irrigate if possible
          Symptom Possible Causes Possible Cures
          Misshapen tomatoes (cat facing) Blooming during cool temperatures Plant at recommended time
          Abnormal leaves and growth Damages from weed killer Use chemical-free methods to combat weeds.
          Virus disease Remove infested plants to prevent spreading. Control virus transmitting insects.
          Deep holes chewed in fruits Bird or chipmunk damage Slip nylon stockings over fruit to prevent access.
          Concentric cracks in fruit around stems Growth cracks Consume cracked fruit quickly. Mulch plants and keep soil evenly moist while fruit ripens

          By Ellen Brown

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          Tip: Tomatoes Until December!

          Cover your tomato plants with newspaper in the fall and they will survive the frosty nights. You will be able to pick tomatoes until December!

          By Dee

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          Tip: Tomatoes in a Small Yard

          I have a small garden and most of it goes to tomatoes. I can a lot of different kinds of sauces and also sun dry the tomatoes. So to get more tomatoes than green leaves, I do this.

          When I put my plants in the ground I lay them on their sides and put the dirt all the way up and over the roots and bottom leaves. Pat the dirt down good. It grows more roots and builds up the plant. They turn up towards the sun in a matter of a day or two. I found I double my yield of tomatoes in my small garden.

          By Sue

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          Here are questions related to Growing Tomatoes.

          Question: Blossoms Falling Off Tomato Plants

          I have purchased three tomato plants. They have grown in the past 3 weeks and gotten several yellow blooms on them, but then they fall off. I have grown tomatoes before and this has not happened. What is the problem?

          Hardiness Zone: 9a

          By Gary from Orlando, FL

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          Most Recent Answer

          By Gloria Z 10 238 06/26/2010

          Are you kidding? First comes the flower then comes the fruit! Look to see if there are tiny tomato's hidden in the leaves.

          ReplyWas this helpful? Yes No

          Question: Tomato Leaves Turning Yellow

          The leaves are turning yellow on my tomato plants. What should I do?

          By Paula B.

          AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

          Question: Animal Eating My Tomato Plants

          What animal could be eating our tomato plants? We thought it was a groundhog, but now I am not sure. The plants are eaten off at the top so there is just a stem and no leaves. Could it be a rabbit? What do they usually eat? How do we protect the plants that we have?

          AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

          Question: Planting and Growing Tomatoes

          Tips for planting and growing tomatoes. Post your ideas.

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          Most Recent Answer

          By Vince (Guest Post) 07/21/2008

          If your tomatos have black spots on the ends, it's called "Blossom End Rot" and is apparently caused by low calcium levels. Either you need to amend your soil with some calcium source OR you're watering is too inconsistent so that the amount of calcium that your plant takes up (it can only get it when it's drawing water from the soil) varies too much, with it dipping low. Apparently the plant robs the necessary calcium from the tomato.

          I'm sure I'm not explaining this properly, so just do a search on "Blossom End Rot"

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          Question: Growing Cherry Tomatoes in Containers

          How do I grow cherry tomatoes in a container? I travel by RV and I was wondering if I can grow cherry tomatoes in one of those plastic (20 gallon) containers? Do I have to fertilize often? Your input will be much appreciated.

          By araucano from FL

          AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

          Most Recent Answer

          By Denise 6 115 02/20/2011

          I grew cherry tomatoes in a container with basil last year. They are good companion plants and protect one another from insects.

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          Question: Tomatoes Not Getting Very Large

          My tomato plants are loaded with fruit and blooms, but the tomatoes are not getting large enough before turning red. They are about tennis ball sized.

          AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

          Most Recent Answer

          By teresa 6 26 07/13/2012

          It depends on what kind of tomatoes you planted they may just grow to that size and some are cherry, roma, beefsteak and who knows which one you planted?

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          Question: Tomato Leaves Turning Yellow

          I am not sure if it's a disease or what? Not all my tomatoes' leaves are yellow. They are brown at the end of the leaves, too.

          By ruby1 from Augusta, GA

          AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

          Most Recent Answer

          By Edmund 1 29 05/24/2015

          It is my belief that what you are describing is Tomato Blight.
          It is a disease which can turn all the leaves yellow, then brown. Interestingly enough, it doesn't seem to affect the fruits. It's almost impossible, at least for me it was, to do anything like apply this or that and fix the issue.
          Like someone else said, if its a pole variety, pull off all the lowest branches until you come to one with fruit. I like to keep my stalks bare up to a foot from the ground. That usually takes most of the brown leaves off. Water Tomatoes regularly, they don't like overwatering or underwatering. But a good deep watering once a week, followed by regularly checking the dryness of the soil, there is no one set formula.

          Sometimes its windy, the plant uses more water, sometimes its hot and more water evaporates than gets to the plant. The variables are there so check your tomatoes daily and if they need water, give them some. regular correct watering fixes almost every problem in Tomatoes. Next year be sure to plant them in a different location, and also consider buying a blight resistant seed, because,
          I find, that once you have blight, you always have blight. I switched to blight resistant seed and have noo issues for the past 2 years.

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          Question: Harvesting Sweet 100 Tomatoes

          How do I harvest Sweet 100 tomatoes? Do I cut the whole bunch of tomatoes off the vine or do I pick them individually?

          Hardiness Zone: 7a

          By grifft from Levittown, NY

          AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

          Most Recent Answer

          By grifft 5 1 07/21/2010

          Thank you guys I appreciate the input.

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          Question: Why Are My Tree Tomatoes Tall and Spindly?

          My tomatoes in containers are 4 1/2 ft tall and quite spindly. What have I done wrong? They were planted from 2 inch shoots about 4 weeks ago.

          They are supposed to be "tree tomatoes" from Gardener's Choice and produce tons of tomatoes. Getting through to this company to ask a question is next to impossible.

          Hardiness Zone: 9a

          By JoieBK from Palm Coast, FL

          AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

          Most Recent Answer

          By JoieBK 1 1 06/06/2010

          Laniegirl, Since I placed the order, it has been a negative experience, you are so right, I won't use this company again. I did find Dave's Garden and the page you mentioned, there was nothing but negative.

          vaherblady, I am fertilizing with miracle grow for toms. We have had so much rain though, I have been afraid that I would drown them (even tho toms need lots of water) They have good drainage, and I am using a meter to check moisture. I will be more agressive with the fertilizer
          Thank to both for your responses.

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          Question: Curtain Color and Decor Advice

          In my living room I have brunt sugar paint on 3 walls and 1 with deep amethyst paint (purple shade). I have a black glass dining table with black leather chairs, and light brown floor boards. Somehow I ended up buying red recliners, which are very comfortable and cosy, but really seems not to go together. There are two white doors and 1 white double glazed window in the room as well. Currently I cannot change the furniture or paint, but I can change the curtains which are nearly the same colour as walls. Please advise me what can I add to the room to make it awesome! Thank you.

            By almnh47 [1]

            AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

            Most Recent Answer

            By Pixiedust7 7 848 09/19/2015

            It sounds to me like your rooms are a little on the dark side, so if you're looking to lighten things up a little, I'd suggest gold colored curtains, which would work with all your other colors. You might be able to cover your chairs with throws, or slipcovers from a thrift store.

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            Question: Tomato Plant Stems Being Eaten

            When an animal eats the stem of the tomato plant will it ever grow back? Does the saliva seal it? If I clip the ends will it grow back? What can I do?

            AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

            Question: Growing Tomatoes in Thailand

            I live in Thailand and the nights are a little cooler than the days. I am told that Tomato will not do well in this climate because they need cool nights. Also, what type of Tomato would you recommend? We are in the same latitude as Miami, FL.

            AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

            Most Recent Answer

            By Phil. (Guest Post) 04/16/2007

            OK thanks for the encourgement

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            Question: Volunteer Tomato Plant

            A tomato plant, with many nice sized tomatoes sprang up spontaneouslly from a crack in the pavement on our property. While I know that tomato seeds spread and this is not uncommon, my question is about how safe are the tomotoes to eat? The reason I ask, is that it grew out of concrete, not soil, and more concerning, it is located about 50 cm-1 meter above the underground sewage pipe. Considering that this all happend in a period, when there was no rain, do we assume that it fed on (ugh) sewage? Or do these plants not need much water and it is not strange that it came out of concrete? The tomatoes are more robust than any plant I ever cultivated, they are almost the size of tangerines!

              By brigittes [11]

              AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

              Most Recent Answer

              By Abigail A. 13 921 09/19/2015

              It is perfectly safe.

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              Question: Growing Tomatoes

              On the tomato tag in the pot when you buy the plant, it has the tomato type and a maturity time. When does the maturity time start? When the seed is planted? When you put the plant in the ground? When? Thanks.

                By rickluc [1]

                AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

                Most Recent Answer

                By DCA 4 1,250 08/04/2015

                The days to maturity listed on the seed packet, or in the plant description in seed catalogs, refers to the number of days from planting your tomato seedlings in the garden to the date of the first mature fruit. For tomatoes, the days to maturity ranges from less than 50 days to more than 90 days, depending on the cultivar and type of tomato.

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                Question: What's Eating My Tomato Plant?

                I purchased a tomato plant, about a foot tall, put it in potting soil and even added ground eggshells. This happens every year. Something just eats away at the leaves (like a moth eats at fabric). I put Sevin dust one year, that just killed the plant. This year I put marigolds around it. I did see two caterpillars, dark brown with white stripes, on the ground a few mornings ago. I brought it into the patio (screened in) yesterday. What seems to be the problem? Since I don't have bees/insects to pollinate it will it produce tomatoes? The leaves do have a brown black outer color. I use rainwater and Miracle Gro. It gets at least 5 hours of sun. Help for the 5th year in a row.

                By monroe95 from Kissimmee, FL

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                Most Recent Answer

                By Victoria V. 1 06/20/2013

                Well I had a tomato plant once and it was in my front yard. Every day when I came out in the morning there was snails all around it. So I put a thick layer of salt on the ground around the pot and replaced it every so often. It worked really well!

                ReplyWas this helpful? Yes No

                Question: Knowing When Tomatoes Are Ripe

                I have large green tomatoes on the vine, planted from pots. How can I tell when they are ripe or will they turn red? I am a beginning gardener.

                By Frank W from Anaheim, CA

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                Most Recent Answer

                By Cindy 3 287 07/23/2012

                When they are bright red - they are ripe! (But don't fail to look up great recipes for fried green tomatoes if some fall off the vine or you pick a few too early). Pluck and enjoy!

                Good luck with your new gardening venture. You'll go through valleys and mountains for several seasons of learning curves, but you will never be disappointed with a great harvest. :) Just keep asking questions if you don't know the answers! Good luck and great eats!

                ReplyWas this helpful? Yes No

                Question: Tomato Leaves Curling and Turning Brown

                Something is wrong with my newly planted tomato plant. I planted them in Miracle Gro potting mix. The edges of the leaves are turning brown and the leaves are curling up. The center of leaves are still green. I need help fast. What is wrong and how to fix?

                By Bonnie from Eastpoint, FL

                AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

                Most Recent Answer

                By Vicki 24 428 06/13/2012

                Tomato leaves rarely just stay bright green all the time. They will have some leaves that curl up and turn brown. Mine are doing that right now and are producing tomatoes as fast as I can pick them. Hope your plants are still alive, that you did not "fear the worst" and stop watering them.

                ReplyWas this helpful? Yes No

                Question: When Should I Plant Tomatoes?

                When is the best time to plant tomatoes?

                Hardiness Zone: 9a

                By Anthony from Riverside, CA

                AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

                Most Recent Answer


                Here is a link to a planting chart for zone 9:
       ... hedules/zones-9-10-planting-schedule

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                Question: Tomato Plants Set Fruit Then Shrivel and Die

                I'm having so much trouble growing tomatoes. Just when the plant is bearing lots of them, it seems to shrivel up like it's not getting enough water and the leaves turn yellow then black. The tomatoes are smaller in size, split open and rot on the vine.
                This is the second year the same thing occurred. What is going on?

                Hardiness Zone: 6b

                By Marie from Hampton, TN

                AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

                Most Recent Answer

                By Grandma J 54 1,041 08/30/2010

                Get a package of Epsom salts at the local Walmart, drugstore, grocery, farm and home. It is great for the tomatoes. When they start blossoming they are short of the magnesium sulfate and this is the easy way to do it. Follow instructions on package or go to Google for gardening with Epsom salts. This ends the blossom end rot as well.
                Also, when planting your tomatoes, cut away the bottom 10 inches of leaving when they get growing about 2 feet. This makes the upper healthy, gets air to the bottom and also keeps slugs/snails away.

                ReplyWas this helpful? Yes No

                Question: Use Epsom Salts on Your Tomatoes and Peppers

                Do peppers like lime and Epsom salts?

                AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

                Question: Growing Tomatoes Inside

                Is it ever possible to grow tomatoes inside your home? Has anyone done this? What were the results, problems, etc?

                AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

                Most Recent Answer

                By Selah (Guest Post) 10/02/2008

                I start my 'inside' tomatoes late in the season, about a month ago, and just brought it inside tonight. It's about three feet tall or more and blossoming. I will have to pollinate it myself with a paint brush. I have a large 'shop' light over my long dresser for the light which I leave on at least 14 hours. I just started doing 'indoor' gardening last year but it's a lot of fun and I enjoy pampering my plants. I also have two dwarf lemon trees with fruit, an olive tree and an avocado tree inside in pots! [Pix below] I also have a greenhouse outside.

                ReplyWas this helpful? Yes No

                Question: Growing Tomatoes Under Lights

                Why are the tomatoes I am growing under lights so gangly and have so little fruit?

                AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

                Most Recent Answer

                By Jill 4 738 03/13/2007

                My guess is that the lights are either not strong enough, or placed too high above the plants, or both. (They should be as close as they can be without burning the plants--and moved up as the plant grows.) I don't know the exact numbers, I suspect a little online searching can get you the wattage you need, as well as the distance they should be from the plants.

                As for no fruit--unless you have pet bees, they may need a little help pollinating! Use a clean small paintbrush to collect some pollen from the blossoms and move it around inside the blossom. I also know nighttime temps. must be above 65 for fruit to set, so if the room they're in gets colder than that at night, you may want to move them.

                Good luck; winter tomoatoes would be nice! Maybe someone who knows more will add more!

                ReplyWas this helpful? Yes No

                Question: Small Offshoots on Tomato Plants Dying

                My tomatoes are producing well, but a lot of the smaller vines coming off the main stems seem to be drying up and dying where they come off the larger vine. I have been pruning them away, but it just continues.

                I feed them Miracle Gro Tomato plant food every 2 weeks and I have no problem with the blossoms setting and growing just the smaller stems drying up and turning brown.
                I have the tomato plants growing in oak barrel halves and used potting soil to grow them in.

                By Debbie R

                AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

                Question: Blooms on Tomato Plant Keep Dying

                My husband brought home a healthy plant. After about 2 or 3 weeks there were small black bugs. Which I thought was from the heat. I rinsed the plant with treatment, those stems that had yellow flowers dyed. So, it looks very healthy, yet every time a flower blooms the stem holding (small flower stem) turns yellow and dies. I just can't get any tomatoes. All leaves look healthy, never experienced anything like it. Help us please.

                By Tracy from Manchester, PA

                AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

                Question: Growing Tomatoes Next to Blueberries

                Can tomatoes be planted next to blueberries?

                By MIMI

                AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

                Question: Curling Tomato Leaves

                My tomatoes are curling up, but I don't see any signs of disease. What does this mean? Also on the stem, there seems to be bumps, not disease bumps either. They are almost like water or something. What is this and what can I do?

                Hardiness Zone: 8a

                By Lamar from NC

                AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No

                Question: Watering Requirements for Yellow Pear Tomatoes

                I just planted a few Yellow Pear tomato plants and don't know how much water to give them. How often, how much, and when do I need to fertilize them? Thanks.

                Hardiness Zone: 9a

                By Carole Lyn from Cuero, TX

                AnswerWas this interesting? Yes No


                Below are photos related to this guide.

                Hanging Tomatoes

                I recycled my milk jugs by planting tomatoes in them upside down, and fed them used coffee grounds, they are thriving!

                By Sharon

                Hanging Tomatoes

                ReplyWas this helpful? Yes No

                BetterBoy Or TallBoy Tomatoes?

                arrows pointing to ripening green tomatoes

                Photo Description
                These are BetterBoy tomatoes being grown in 5 gal. buckets. Silly me, after pulling all the ripe ones, I think of taking a picture. There are tomatoes at 5 ft., 6 ft., 7 ft., and 8 ft. At 9 and 9½ ft. there are blooms.

                BetterBoy is an indeterminate tomato, meaning it doesn't stop growing at a determined height. It will continue growing til frost and this is just August 05. Golly, things grow bigger and better around here. And this ain't even Texas.

                Guess I'll need a step ladder.

                I didn't know BetterBoy was a 'tree tomato'.


                Hope to have a better camera, soon.

                BetterBoy Or TallBoy Tomatoes?

                By likekinds [110]

                ReplyWas this helpful? Yes No

                Hillbilly Tomato

                Here is a really odd loooking tomato from our plants. My son Steve is the gardener.

                By Marty D. from Knoxville, TN A tomato with an extra growth on the side.

                ReplyWas this helpful? Yes No

                Gigantic Tomato Plant

                My husband planted this one tomato plant he received from my sister as a birthday present and it grew to over 9 feet tall and had a span of at least 16 feet. The plant yielded an abundance of tomatoes and there are many on the plant to still ripen. No special care was given to the plant it just seemed to thrive when planted in this spot.

                By Patty from WV

                Man Standing Next to Gigantic Tomato Plant

                ReplyWas this helpful? Yes No


                Thrifty Fun has been around so long that many of our pages have been reset several times. Archives are older versions of the page and the comments that were provided then.

                Archive: Growing Tomatoes Inside

                I have some tomatoes which I started a bit late in the season. They are doing well in outdoor pots but I'm worried now that the weather is changing. Does anyone have any tips on bringing them inside so I can keep them? Thank you.



                RE: Growing Tomatoes Inside

                I am at the end of the growing season and mine are just giving me tomatoes now. I will take them as far as I can to the frost cycle and then they are done. If I don't pull them up, they will be volunteers in the garden next year. The wear and tear on the tomato plant might not survive the indoor season.

                If the foliage does, it may not give you fruit. Indoor green houses have a different schedule, temps they are kept in to keep them going. Also, rain water is the best for watering, so you will have to come up with something other than chlorinated city water. Too many variables for vegetables that flowers don't have.

                By Grandma J

                RE: Growing Tomatoes Inside

                Brown paper bag with an apple inside and don't overcrowd the tomatoes in the bag. (08/29/2008)

                By sherri

                RE: Growing Tomatoes Inside

                I would think that the crucial factor will be the amount of light that you can give them. If you have a very sunny spot, you should be able to keep them going for awhile until you get a few tomatoes off them. (08/29/2008)

                By louel53

                Archive: Growing Cherry Tomatoes in Containers

                Has anyone grown cherry tomatoes in large pots? Any luck growing them this way?

                Hardiness Zone: 7a

                By Betty from Lubbock, TX


                RE: Growing Cherry Tomatoes in Containers

                Last year I purchased a cherry tomato plant from a family owned nursery/roadside stand. The tomato plant was in a small plastic pot so my husband transplanted it into a large plastic pail. First he drilled holes in the bottom of the pail for drainage. Filled it 3/4 full of dirt and then used potting soil. We harvested the tomatoes and they were delicious.

                Remember to fertilize your tomato plant twice a month. They need both food and water to grow. (04/09/2010)

                By MCW