There are many ways to use less water on your garden, and still have a bountiful harvest. This guide is about conserving water in the garden.
Read and rate the best solutions below by giving them a "thumbs up".
Last year, my family ran into the not-so-fun situation of running out of water in our well. Oh, the things we take for granted! But necessity is the mother of invention and it lead me to do the following to conserve water:
Take a used 2.5 gallon plastic water container (Target sells bottled water this way and so does Super Walmart and BJs) that has a pull tap and cut a large, 3 sided hole in the back, leaving a plastic flap that can be opened or closed. When you take a shower, take the container in with you. As the water is warming up, hold the shower head so the water fills the container. I was surprised to find that it took almost 2 gallons of water to get it up to temperature! I then use the water for plants, our dogs and cats, and even to wash my hands. This conserves water when the weather is dry, saves money for those who have town water, and is a great emergency resource if you lose water if you lose electricity. It is also good when camping - put it at the end of your picnic table and you have an on site faucet!
By Rita from Whitinsville, MA
Few of us are aware of how much water we waste. Most of us merely turn on the sprinkler and walk away. In many places, water is not only scarce, it's expensive. How you deliver water to your lawn and garden can have a major effect on your water bill and ultimately, on the environment.
The goal of watering wisely is to deliver the right amount of water to the right location, the plant's roots. Any more, any less or anywhere else is simply a waste. Overhead sprinklers are outdated and inefficient because water is delivered to areas not needing it and significant amounts are lost to evaporation.
Low-pressure drip irrigation systems work best. Slow, thorough soakings encourage roots to grow deeply to where moisture supplies are more continuously available- ultimately reducing your need to water. Porous pipes, in-line emitter tubing and soaker hoses deliver water directly to the base of each plant, each drop soaking into the soil. These systems are flexible, simple to assemble, adapt to any site and reduce water use up to 70%.
Devise a simple drip watering system around trees and shrubs by punching holes into the bottoms of plastic jugs and burying them into the mulch under drip lines.
Rain barrels and livestock tanks attached to rain gutter down spouts are easy, inexpensive ways to collect and store water for gardening. Attach spigots and hoses to the bottom to create cheap, gravity flow drip-systems. Cover them to prevent children and small animals from falling in.
Water from the kitchen sink and bathroom toilets should not be used for irrigation due to health concerns. Water draining from the shower, bath or laundry can be used, however, if you use chemically free soaps and detergents in your home.
The water used to rinse milk cartons is good for preventing certain plant diseases common to tomatoes, eggplants, petunias, peppers and potatoes. It also protects cabbages from cabbageworms. Recycle water after cooking vegetables to enrich houseplants with valuable vitamins and minerals.
As a rule, water deeply, but infrequently. Most vegetables need about 1 inch of water per week. Trees and shrubs need only a half-inch. To determine how long to leave your system on, place several cans of the same size around areas being watered. Check the time when you turn the water on and leave it on until at least one of the cans is filled with an inch of water. Now you know how long to leave your system on.
Soil Type: Excellent, healthy soil will reduce your need for watering. Water percolates quickly through sandy soil and slowly through clay.
Soil Moisture: Don't base your decision on when to water solely on the look of your plants. Strong afternoon sun can temporarily cause plants to wilt despite moist soil. Overwatering can also cause wilting. Test your soil's moisture. If you have to dig deeper than 2-3 inches to find moist soil, it's time to water.
Plant Types: Corn prefers a lot of water, cantaloupes less. Plant thirsty plants together and keep in mind it can take transplanted seedlings up to two years to lose their root ball and develop downward roots. How you water those first two years can contribute greatly to root systems later on.
Mulching: A good layer of mulch around everything in your garden will hold moisture in and keep water-competing weeds out. Don't forget to mulch pots and planters, too.
Time of Day: Water early in the day before heat causes excess evaporation and so leaves have time to dry before nightfall, reducing the chance for spreading disease.
© 2005 ThriftyFun
By Ellen Brown
Several years ago we lived in Texas during a rather long drought. My poor roses were suffering. Because we lived in an older home that didn't have central air, we used window air conditioners.
We noticed that there were puddles outside the windows with these air conditioners. We gathered some old five gallon buckets, and placed them under the drips.
Our buckets filled quite nicely. We were able to water my roses, my house plants, and a few vegetables that I had in containers on a daily basis. We are once again utilizing our free water, since we can barely afford the water bill with our basic usage.
By Brandy J. from Bowling Green, Missouri
I noticed water coming from a pipe from in the attic of the house and traced it back to the unit for an air conditioner, that is in the attic of a lot of Florida homes. The pipe came out at the bottom of the foundation. I was installing a patio and didn't want the water running on to the patio.
I drilled a hole through the wall and moved the pipe coming out of the wall to where it was 7 feet off the ground, and made sure the pipe is at a slight angle so as the water runs free. I moved it outside of the patio area and put a fifty gallon garbage can under the pipe dripping and collect the water. I also installed a plastic valve at the bottom of the drum so I could hook up a hose to it and I water my garden with the water coming from the air condition unit. I have the plastic container off of the ground about a foot so as the water will drain out the hose.
With the weather so hot it takes about 1-2 days to fill the 50 gallon plastic garbage barrel. Usually the drain pipe is 3/4 or smaller plastic pipe
Source: None that I know of. I had an Air condition Rep. here to service it and he has been in business for over 10 year and never saw any thing like it before
By Leonard from S. Daytona,Fl.
Here in North Carolina we have been experiencing drought conditions and are being encouraged to be mindful of wasting water. Since I have many plants which often need to be watered, I have tried to think of ways to be able to water the plants while conserving water. I have found that it takes quite a bit of water to run through the pipes before the water is hot enough to do dishes. Rather than waste that water as I'm waiting for the hot water to come through, I put my watering can in the sink and fill it up to use for my plants.
By Sandy from Elon, NC
If you live in an area with harsh winters, strong winds and steady snowfall can create a lot of drifting snow. Believe it or not, this presents you with a great opportunity to conserve water. By installing a snow fence, you can effectively capture snow and create drifts in areas where you need additional snow to melt in the spring.
Man-Made: Man-made snow fences are usually constructed of wooden slats (held together with wire) or from a lightweight, plastic mesh. They are inexpensive, easy-to-install and remove, and can be "fine-tuned" to control the effects of snowfall.
Advantages: Inexpensive, easy to install and remove, adjustable.
Disadvantages: Not as attractive, eventually needs to be repaired or replaced.
Living: Living snow fences can be made from trees, shrubs, native grasses, or even landscaping berms (small hills). They come with a higher initial installation cost, but once established add increased value to your landscape.
Advantages: Attractive, adds value, provides additional food for you and/or wildlife.
Disadvantages: Increased installation cost, needs time to grow, non-adjustable.
Length: Extend your fence approximately 30% wider on either side of the area you are trying to protect/control.
Set Back: Various formulas exist regarding how far back your fence should be set back from the desired drift area (e.g. a distance of 30 times the height of the fence). Most formulas are based on controlling snow near large open spaces like fields along roadways. In less open areas (like gardens), a bit of guesswork is involved. In general, you can expect drifts to accumulate on the leeward side of your fence at a distance of anywhere from 5 to 15 times its height. The determining factors include the average snowfall in your area, wind speeds, and the proximity of nearby structures.
By Ellen Brown
My husband loves his fish tanks and I love gardening. Between the two of us we use a lot of water. But he bought a fish tank vacuum to help him clean out the tanks and originally had it hooked up to the bathroom sink faucet.
I kept seeing all that good water just going down the drain and figured out that if he put it onto the outside hose I could use it to water my garden. Fish tank water is supposed to have a lot of good fertilizer in it so I am getting more than just water. This should save us a lot of money this year by reducing our water bill and I am hoping for bumper crops!
By KatherineC from Reno, NV
By sawing a piece of PVC pipe that can stick up from the ground about 5 inches and have about 7 inches below the ground you can have a great watering/fertilizing gardening helper.
By Louella from Billings, MT
I try to use every usable drop of water on the grounds of both cost to the environment and plain old cost to my pocket! Now that I have started eating my homegrown salad again I did a little experiment last weekend. Every time I washed fruit and vegetables or used the salad spinner I put the 'dirty' water into a bucket. I was really shocked when by the end of the day the 2 gallon bucket was almost full! As I don't use any pesticides or artificial fertilizer I was perfectly happy to reuse the water to irrigate the garden. Its a win-win situation!
By Mrs. Christmas from Slovenia, EU
Here are some tips for conserving water in your garden:
Source: These tips came directly from the school of experience. My family had a garden every year and I was taught right there at home.
By Sandy from Elon, NC
Keep track of the days that it rains on a calendar. Circle the day and write "Rain". This way its easy for you too see which day it rained. It will help you save money on your water bill. You will always know when you should water your garden, so no over watering occurs, and no waste!
By Tonya S. from Coal City, IL
Water is one of the earth's most valuable resources, so it is important to make sure that we garden in a way that doesn't over-use or waste water. Look around your yard and garden and see if you spot any of the 5 water wasters listed below. Then try one or more water-saving solutions. With a little planning, you can reduce your garden water waste and save yourself a little money at the same time.
Bare soil is a huge waste of water for two reasons:
Water-Saving Solution. Cover bare soil with 2 to 4 inches of organic mulch to conserve moisture. As an alternative, plant bare areas with native, drought-tolerant trees, shrubs, and ground covers or deep-rooted perennials like peonies, yarrows, and day lilies. In the vegetable garden, plant wide rows of closely spaced plants and mulch between rows to protect soil moisture from evaporating.
Poor soil results in water retention problems (either too much or not enough). Heavy clay soils drain slowly and cause water to pool around plants, potentially drowning them. Hard-packed soils cause water to run off before it has a chance to soak into the soil. Sandy soils are just the opposite. They tend to drain so quickly that you spend all your time watering thirsty, wilting plants. In all cases, water is wasted.
Water-Saving Solution: Adding soil amendments in the form of organic matter will improve any type of soil. This includes compost, shredded leaves, or aged manure. Each will improve drainage on hard-packed and heavy clay soils and help sandy soils retain moisture longer. To sustain soil improvements, add at least an inch of organic matter each year, working it into the top few inches of soil. After a few years, your garden will need a lot less watering.
One of the keys to successful gardening is placing the right plant in the right place. Plants poorly adapted to their environment, or mixing species that have different moisture requirements not only wastes water, but also encourages disease. For example, if you give moisture lovers enough water, you'll risk injuring or drowning their less thirsty companions.
Water-Saving Solution. First, choose plants that suit the soil and climate. Second, group plants with similar water needs together - either in clusters or in completely separate beds. This will allow you to water each group only when it needs it, without wasting water on neighbors. Having trouble figuring out who likes it dry? Plants that cope well with water shortages often have gray foliage, such as eucalyptus. They may also be covered in tiny hairs, or "felted" like lamb's ear and lavender.
Overhead sprinklers are highly inefficient at delivering water to plant roots - even when used properly. Because much of the water is shot into the air, it evaporates as it falls to the ground or it is sent into unwanted directions by the wind. The way these sprinklers are designed also makes it difficult to direct water solely onto plants without also watering nearby buildings, sidewalks, and of course, weeds.
Water-Saving Solution. Use sprinkler heads that can be adjusted with spray patterns that fit your garden beds, or find a model that creates large water droplets that will fall more quickly to the ground. If your water pressure tends to fluctuate, install a pressure regulator to keep water flowing efficiently at your target. Better yet, switch to drip irrigation or soaker hoses, which stay on the ground and deliver water exactly where you want it.
Inefficient watering techniques can waste tremendous amounts of water. For example, watering plants until the soil looks damp can create more problems than it solves.
By Ellen Brown
Instead of dumping water away from spaghetti, vegetable or even flat club soda, feed it to your indoor plants. This will give great nourishment to them for growth and greener plants. Make sure the water is cool.
By Joyce from Pittsburgh
We have a small dorm size refrigerator that we use for extras like sodas, water, and party food. It is not frost free, so in the summer it frosts up easily. When I defrost it, I try to catch all the water that drips off then I remove the big pieces as they become loose. I then use the ice and water to fill the cat water dish and to water the plants I have in pots. Why pour it down the drain is what my mother would say.
By Pam from Blaine, MN
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We don't have a big garden. Just a tomato plant, some succulent plants and magnolia tree we try to give extra water too. We have a large window A/C unit in a spot where we can easily put a dish pan to collect the water that drips from it otherwise it would be all over the patio making a mess.
We started using that water on the above mentioned things and then began to thrive. We decided it was free of chlorine and maybe that was giving the plants a cleaner "drink" of water when we have some. It is so dry here and at times we don't have any.
By Bev from Uvalde, TX
A great tip for water drought areas. When taking a bath, save the water! Plants love the soap to kill off insects and salts for the nutritional value. We drink tea, soft drinks, milk, etc. and save those containers. After your bath, emptying your kids pool, after boiling potatoes, corn, eggs etc. let the water cool down. Then water your plants. I will get about 12 gallons from one bath. Why let it go down the drain? Use it on your flowers or veggies. Reuse your dishpan water also. When you get in the habit of doing this you would be amazed on how much would have gone to waste down the drain.
By Doreen from Bartow, FL
You can also reuse these types of water to help flush toilets to save water. (08/13/2009)
We save our bathtub water and run it through a pipe into barrels under the deck. We then hook up our pump to hoses and water our garden with the recycled water. The deer do not like the soapy water!
By denowolfes from Talbott, TN