perennials or annuals
spring or summer
6" up to 3' to 4'
full sun or partial shade
rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil
depends on variety
variety of colors including white, red, pink, salmon, purple, magenta and violet; single or double blossoms
green or concentric markings on leaves depending on variety
seeds (5 months to flower) or cuttings
pots, beds, borders, window boxes and hanging baskets
The best way to start geraniums is by purchasing plants, because seeds take around 5 months to flower. After acquiring one plant, take 4-inch cuttings and keep them as house plants over winter until transplanting them in the spring after danger of frost has passed. In non-tropical zones, mature plants can be potted and kept indoors over winter. Place them in a cool room (50º to 55º F) with bright light and barely moist soil. Cut stems back by 1/2 to 2/3 in the spring to encourage bushy new growth.
Geraniums are native to South Africa. Instead of offering up dazzling flowers, some geranium varieties produce a scent: rose, apple, orange, and peppermint, just to name a few. Look for these varieties next to the herbs at nurseries.