Growing Geranium

Botanical Name:

Geranium

Life Cycle:

perennials or annuals

Planting Time:

spring or summer

Height:

6" up to 3' to 4'

Exposure:

full sun or partial shade
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Soil:

rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil

Hardiness:

depends on variety

Bloom Time:

all season

Flower:

variety of colors including white, red, pink, salmon, purple, magenta and violet; single or double blossoms

Foliage:

green or concentric markings on leaves depending on variety

Propagation:

seeds (5 months to flower) or cuttings

Suggested Use:

pots, beds, borders, window boxes and hanging baskets

Growing Hints:

The best way to start geraniums is by purchasing plants, because seeds take around 5 months to flower. After acquiring one plant, take 4-inch cuttings and keep them as house plants over winter until transplanting them in the spring after danger of frost has passed. In non-tropical zones, mature plants can be potted and kept indoors over winter. Place them in a cool room (50º to 55º F) with bright light and barely moist soil. Cut stems back by 1/2 to 2/3 in the spring to encourage bushy new growth.

Interesting Facts:

Geraniums are native to South Africa. Instead of offering up dazzling flowers, some geranium varieties produce a scent: rose, apple, orange, and peppermint, just to name a few. Look for these varieties next to the herbs at nurseries.

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