perennial, biennial, and annual
spring or fall
18" to 30"
full sun to very light shade
average to rich, well-drained soil; drought resistant
zones 3 to 9
summer to fall
dark-golden yellow to orange daisy-shaped petals with chocolate brown to black centers
beds, borders, mass plantings
Purchase plants in the spring or start your own by sowing seeds directly into ground or into pots in the early spring or late fall. Seeds need light to germinate so don't cover them, but press them gently into the surface of the soil. Plants will self-seed and can be divided in the spring or fall.
A wildflower native to North America, Rudbeckias are wonderful for attracting backyard birds, especially finches, chickadees, cardinals, sparrows and nuthatches.
About The Author: Ellen Brown is an environmental writer and photographer and the owner of Sustainable Media, an environmental media company that specializes in helping businesses and organizations promote eco-friendly products and services.
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