Ladybug beetles, also known as Asian Lady Beetles or Ladybird beetles, are a gardener's best friend in the spring and summer months. In the world of beneficial garden insects, you won't find a better predator when it comes to controlling soft-bodied pest like aphids and scale. By the time fall rolls around, however, these insect friends start wearing out their welcome when they begin to congregate on the sides of buildings and invading our indoor environments.
The ladybugs accumulating on your walls and windows are most often the Asian Lady Beetle variety, although some native species will follow suit if conditions warrant. These beetles were first imported from Asia into the United States in 1916 and released as a biological control for certain species of insects. For a long time it was assumed that they failed to establish themselves, until they turned up in 1988 in New Orleans. They are currently found in every part of the United States. Asian Lady Beetles are about 1/3 of an inch long. Compared to other lady beetle species, Asian Lady Beetles come in a wider range of colors and spot numbers. Wings range from black to mustard; spots number zero to more than a dozen. The most common U.S. form is mustard to red with 16 or more black spots. The Asian Lady Beetle can also often be identified by a black mark resembling the letter "M" (or "W") located between its head and abdomen.
As part of the Asian Lady Beetle life cycle, as soon as a hard frost occurs in the fall, adult beetles look for a cool, dry place to spend the winter. Throughout their native range in Asia, a winter shelter usually consists of cavities or caves in south-facing cliffs where the temperature is cool and the air is dry. This explains why they tend to congregate on the exterior walls of south-facing buildings before sometimes making their way inside through tiny cracks and holes in your siding and insulation. They will not attack wood, fabric or people, they just want to hibernate. When the weather warms up in the spring, the ladybeetles will make a hasty retreat back outdoors.
So why do piles of dead ladybugs collect in your window sill over winter? Once inside your home, ladybugs will naturally gravitate towards the light-usually making their way to your windows. Because the temperature indoors is warmer and dryer than the temperature outdoors, the ladybeetles' metabolism gears up for summer again. A high metabolism coupled with no source of food causes them to quickly use up their winter reserves and die. This is why it's best to capture ladybeetles and return them to the outdoors where cooler temperatures will slow down their metabolism until spring.
For ladybeetles that hibernate inside the cracks and crevices of exterior walls, an occasional calm, sunny winter day, combined with a steady increase in daylight and a southern exposure, is often enough to generate sufficient amounts of radiant energy (temps may reach near 50º F) to wake the beetles up from their winter naps. Once they wake up they begin crawling around and sometimes make their way inside you home. This is why even though it may only be 25º F degrees outside, ladybugs can mysteriously appear in your living room in the middle of winter.
The best way to control Lady Beetle invasions is to seal up and repair any cracks and crevices around windows, eaves, doors, insulation and siding. Pay close attention to places where pipes, conduits and wires enter your home. Planting trees near south-facing exterior walls may also offer long term control by providing the beetles shelter for the winter.
Ladybugs are tough little bugs. The best way to remove them is to use a broom, wash rag or a vacuum cleaner with a dirt trap that can be emptied (e.g. Dust Buster). If you can, return the bugs to the outdoors so they'll be around to feed on your garden pests next season. You can also release them onto your indoor plants. Wet the leaves down with a spray bottle, drop the lady bug onto your plant and quickly shut off any lights in the room. This is best done at night, because ladybugs have an instinctive tendency to fly toward any light source when preparing for hibernation.
There are several commercial sprays and dusts available that claim to prevent or control Asian Lady Beetles. These insecticides are impractical, because there is no way to get to areas where the ladybugs are congregating in mass, and fall weather puts the bug's physiological activity near zero, which make them less susceptible to insecticides. In order to kill ladybugs indoors, you would have to apply the spray to surfaces, such as counter-tops, where residual chemicals could be hazardous to your health.
Although it is uncommon, Asian Lady Beetles can cause allergic reactions in some people. Symptoms include itchy eyes, sneezing, congestion and a runny nose. Asian Beetles do not carry disease and they do not have any toxins associated with their mouthparts. Occasionally they may pinch your skin when being handled, but they seldom break the skin. You may also feel a slight prick on your skin when handling the beetles. This is caused from small spurs on the beetle's hind legs which it uses to establish whether or not something is edible. Don't worry, you're not. In the unlikely event you become concerned over a pinch or a prick, wash the site with soap and water and apply an antiseptic.
About The Author: Ellen Brown is our Green Living and Gardening Expert. Click here to ask Ellen a question! Ellen Brown is an environmental writer and photographer and the owner of Sustainable Media, an environmental media company that specializes in helping businesses and organizations promote eco-friendly products and services. Contact her on the web at http://www.sustainable-media.com
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I appreciate the sentiment in returning ladybugs live to the outdoors but there are So Many Of Them. My neighbors who are master gardeners draw the line at bugs in the house. Fwoop into the vacuum or squish in a kleenex if they get inside.
I have done a lot of reading on the internet about these Asian Beetles, too. They are really bad in this area. I read these beetles love the soybean fields (they eat aphids on the plants, so beneficial) and that is where they breed. As soon as they start harvesting the fields here, the beetles start coming into our homes. I hate bugs, especially in my home!!! My hubby is busy with the vacuum, in fact his nickname is "Beetle Bailey". We have tried a number of local suggestions (ie. bayleaves, vanilla candles, etc.) but to no avail. Some years they seem to be worse then others. They stink and they do bite/pinch. They swarm by the thousands in our area. It is terrible to be cooking and have two or three you are chasing that have been attracted to your stove light! I just had to have my say as I have no love for these little creatures! lol!
OK The lady bug lovers are going to get me for this but just like Cheryl I get invaded every year and just like Cheryl I share no love for the little boogers !
My home overlooks a state wildlife preserve in the mountains of NC. Ladybugs were introduced to keep the gypsy moths under control. Each year they come a calling !
I've found the following LIMITS their intrusions but is lethal to them. I was glad to read they were going to die anyway if they got in the house, made me feel a little better.
In our area the first frost typically occurs around mid Oct. By the end of Sept i go around and look for any areas that need caulk etc.
Then before it frosts I bug bomb my house throughly with the bug bombs you can buy at retail. I look for products that last 3 months.
Lastly I spray the outside of my house with insecticide, Thouriside I think it is. I thoroughly spray the walls, windows etc.
When the bugs arrive many die outside from the outside application. Any that make it inside are goners quickly.
I still have about 3 heavy days when I vacuum up the bodies inside but its better than having them flying around and the numbers are waaay reduced.
I hate those stupid lady bugs! they used to not bother me, but every fall we get so many that they cover the outside of the house making their way in. spring is worse, they wake up and torture us. Dive bombing into our hair and food. This year, they seem to be causing violent eye (allergies) reactions in my boys. their eyes are swelling up and closing. i can't wait till they are all gone! I'm going to burn out my vacuum sucking them up for sure. and, I don't care about setting them free- there are billions of them that come back every fall.
This winter, I had a ladybug invasion, and they would not stop coming in! I don't know where they were coming from, but they seemed to come from my room close to the window. My daughter was getting scared that they would enter her ear canal.... is this possible?
Oh thank god, a name... MAYBE, for these ferocious, determined, fast breeding, home invading, pinching/biting, PESTS!
Question though, I'm in southern Indiana, and, the only ones we have, not only seem to, as one person said "dive bomb' into hair, food, etc.. but, ALL of the ones we have, are a very pale brown color, no spots, are these what others get too? AND- do they "PEE" down your walls at all, or leave SOME type of yellowish- light brown streaks down walls?
We have ENOUGH on our plates with this home we've lived in for 6 yrs now, having never before then, ever seen "cave crickets" (wet area under our house, and next door neighbors), and, (dare I say it out loud - they seem to have gone AWAY this yr, so far, thank god!)
And, I'm ALSO looking to identify some sort of ODD looking tiny little spiders, that only I have seen so far, crawling on the floor occasionally, I would LOVE to be able to show hubby... they are probably a 1/4 of an inch long at best, but, look like? scorpions, body wise, but without any sort of tale, just narrow ends, and broader fronts, or heads. They are so small, that I do have a hard time even figuring out their color, but they look like tiny little crabs, or tail less scorpions, lol.
Anyways, regarding the BEETLES are the very very light brown ones the same as others are suffering mass attacks from? and do they 'streak' all over your walls?
Some years ago in Minnesota, farmers imported Asian beetles that look a lot like our Lady Bugs to control pests in their soybean fields. In the fall they all come in to town and some get inside our homes. They bite. Their bite is painful and extremely itchy, and on me at least, takes weeks to heal.
These are NOT LADYbugs, they're mother-in-law bugs!
First, do not smash them, they emit an odor that will call more bugs. Discard dead beetles outside in one place, hopefully that will draw some there.
2nd, before fall, spray the outside walls with dish soap & water mixture. For some reason, they don't like dish soap.
3rd, if they do get inside, they like lamps having an upside down lampshade. Also, I changed all of my ceiling lights from facing the ceiling to facing the floor, because there's nowhere for them to collect.
4th, using a vacuum is good, but make sure you use a stocking or something to catch them before entering your vacuum. The smell won't get into your vacuum; calling all of them into your home. Make sure you wipe off vacuum where stocking attaches. I use Clorox water.
Unless you're able to seal every nook & cranny of your home, garage & basement, you'll still have beetles, but you can limit it to a minimum.
Hope these ideas help.
Total BS. Sorry, but they are destroying native ladybug populations at alarming rates, and it's those red ladybugs that are a gardener's best friend. These are a nasty invasive species.
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