Peppers are members of the Capsicum genus, and have been cultivated to exhibit a wide range of tastes, colors and sizes. Most have a strong, hot or sweet flavor and are used often as condiments or to add flavor and spice to dishes.
spring or summer
well-drained, nutrient-rich soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.9.
Keep soil evenly moist (not wet).
Side-dress plants with a small amount of compost when they start to flower. Cover plants if temperatures are forecasted to dip below freezing.
Harvest peppers (even if still green in color) by cutting them from the stems whenever they are large enough to use. Wear gloves when handling hot peppers. Wash skin immediately if you come into bare contact to avoid burns. Peppers will keep in the fridge for up to two weeks or longer when dried.
Hot peppers generally act as an insect deterrent for the other vegetables in the garden, but can be prone to some of the same problems as tomatoes.
Warm weather and consistent moisture are the keys to successfully growing peppers. Northern gardeners should choose early, cold-tolerant cultivars.
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