I have a 1990 Caravan with 178K miles on it. Recently it started smoking from the tailpipe intermittently, though the engine was running smoothly and there was no noticeable loss of power. The color of the smoke is gray.
I had a mechanic check it out. He said the compression was fine on all six. He replaced the PCV valve (which had never been changed) and cleaned up a few things. The smoking problem was unchanged. He put some additive in the oil supply and told me to run it for awhile and if that didn't fix it he recommended a ring and valve job (around $1800).
This is somewhat confusing to me. If the rings or valves were bad it would seem that it would have shown up during the compression check. I have noticed a decrease in the smoke but it is still there and more dense when first started up in the morning and for the first few miles. It then appears to quit altogether.
My question: Is it possible that there is a fuel management problem that is causing the engine to run too rich until warmed up? I know old cars used to do this due to a choke problem, but of course, there's no choke mechanism on this vehicle.
By Bob from Fairfield, CA
I had a 92 Caravan until a year ago. It had 320,000 miles on it. It would sometime smoke until it warmed up and we never had any problems with it. The transmission started to go for the second time and we decided it was time to upgrade so we sent it to the junk yard. We used STP oil treatment in our oil to prevent an tick in the engine. If I were you I wouldn't worry about it.
You'll probably have better luck on one of the automotive sites with a forum, but:
Have you been keeping an eye on the radiator coolant level? If there's a blown head gasket coolant can leak into the cylinder(s) and that will show up as smoke, usually white though, but some of today's coolants might show a different color. The last time I overhauled an engine was in the late '60's.
It can still be the piston rings or valves. The mileage is about right and especially if the source of the oil smoke (assuming that's what it is) in the exhaust is the valve stem seals, a compression check would not show that since the valves are closed during the test.
May also want to check the modulator valve on the transmission; the engine will suck the transmission fluid into the carburetor and burns it creating smoke. It's an approx. ten minute job to repair if this is the problem.
By Minky (Guest Post) 12/10/2007
If that was my caravan I would find myself another mechanic .
Gray smoke coming from your tailpipe can mean you have a break problem . ie master cylinder is cracked and leaking brake fluid into your lines.
By Dean (Guest Post) 12/11/2007
Gray to white smoke when first starting a car is normal as it is water vapor and disappears as the exhaust system warms up. If the smoke is a black color and continues when the car is warm and as long as you are driving the car then is most likely burning oil from the engine. Yes , a compression check would indicate worn rings but your guy said they were fine. Check your oil on the dip stick every hundred miles if you are not adding oil then you are not burning oil. It is not your brake fluid leaking.If that was the case you wouldn't have any brakes or would notice brake fade. And if you had a blown head gasket you would see the water oil mixture on the dip stick and you would also notice an increase in the engine temperature gauge.
If it were my caravan I would find a new mechanic and have them check my master cylinder and break lines. Gray smoke is usually caused by some type of break problem . (break fluid burns gray , engine oil burns blue , fuel burns black )
Never allow mechanics to add any types of fix it type fluids this is not necessary and could damage some parts of your engine if a mechanic adds fluids they are only padding the bill and could be an incompetent mechanic, it is best to use a certified mechanic or one that specializes in your make of car, for a car that is emitting gray smoke What gray smoke means:
Gray smoke is caused by brake fluid. It generally means that your brake master cylinder is bad, and is getting sucked through the vacuum brake hose.