Glyphosate is a broad-spectrum, non-selective herbicide commonly used on perennial plants including grasses, sedges, and broad-leaved weeds. Most gardeners have either heard of glyphosate or used herbicides that contain it in their gardens. It can be found in familiar products like Roundup, Rodeo, Touchdown, and Pondmaster. Due to its repeated overuse, researchers have recently found 13 species of weeds that are now resistant to glyphosate.
In 2007, an agricultural study conducted by University of Minnesota researchers concluded that 13 species of weeds are now resistant to glyphosate at normal field-use rates. When herbicides containing the chemical glyphosate were applied at recommended rates for field crops, the weeds failed to respond.
A decade ago, the only known resistant species was annual ryegrass and goose grass, and even then, those events occurred in far off places like Australia and Malaysia. Currently, glyphosate resistant weeds species can be found in almost every state in the U.S. and in several countries worldwide. The type of glyphosate resistant weeds in this study are not the type of weeds most of us have to contend with in our backyard gardens. Among the species researchers found to be resistant were giant ragweed, lamb's quarters, pigweed, mare's tail, and others. Still, there is plenty gardeners can learn from these important findings.
Weeds develop resistance to the forces of their environment through natural selection. When any one environmental force is repeated over time in the same geographic area, genetics eventually comes into play so plants can adapt and survive. In the case of glyphosate, plants that show even a obscure genetic resistance to the chemical will start to survive and propagate. Their offspring will be even more resistant to the chemical than the parent plants were. Because some weeds spread by pollen or seeds, the spread of herbicide resistant populations can infiltrate a large geographic area quickly. Another phenomena relating to natural selection may start to happen as well-one involving an entirely new and different set of weeds. As glyphosate continues to work on target weeds, different weeds (those that have always shown a natural resistance to glyphosate), are able to move in and repopulate the area.
The natural response to controlling chemically resistant weeds is to replace the first chemical with one that is more powerful. This can be slippery slope-not only for growers, but also for human health and the environment. The lesson gardeners can take away from this study is one of practicing good weed management in the garden.
If you decide you need a chemical means of weed control, follow the label directions carefully and avoid repeated applications. Remember, if you find yourself applying herbicides year after year, in the end you may find yourself with nothing more than a bumper crop of chemical resistant weeds.
About The Author: Ellen Brown is an environmental writer and photographer and the owner of Sustainable Media, an environmental media company that specializes in helping businesses and organizations promote eco-friendly products and services. Contact her on the web at http://www.sustainable-media.com
People!! We have got to stop using this stuff, and it's relations.
It's relatively easy to stop weeds: Break the stem, up root with a hoe, stomp on them and cover with mulch. Pour hot water on stubborn weeds. Get a few chickens and they will clean any area you want.
Pesticides and herbicides are giving us Parkinson's and related diseases, cancers, distrupting normal hormone patterns in all species including our own, because the chemicals break down into estrogen like compounds. Animals, including ourselves are being born with organs of both sexes. Read up on it. Male fish are laying eggs, female fish (this is in the Columbia) are becoming aggressive.
Couple that with hormones from birth control or menopause therapy, and we are all being given estrogen therapy when we were not meant to be exposed to this stuff. Children in particular are susceptible to damage because of their small body weight. Some studies suggest farm children are suffering drops in intelligence due to farm chemicals.
Let go of the idea of a perfect yard. Compared to what?
The major use of yard chemicals began after WW2 when there were lots of chemicals left over from the war and a market was needed for them. Take back our health, and our healthy soil.
And lets not forget that the chemical companies are developing strains of plants that are resistant to these chemicals --GMO's. Roundup Ready Canola from Monsanto being one of the most notorious. The idea is, of course, that the herbicide will kill all the weeds, leaving the crop intact, but the GM canola is so invasive that farmers cannot now guarantee that they are not growing GM canola, and so organic growers can no longer grow canola.
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