Companion Plants for Growing Vegetables

April 20, 2006

Here is a listing of plants that grow well with other plants. It was sent in by a long time reader named Gill.

Vegetable Good Companions Bad Companions Good Previous Crops Good Next Crops
Anise coriander, brassicas (deters pests), most plants (improves vigor), beans      
Apples foxgloves, nasturtiums, onion family grass, potatoes    
Apricots tansy sage, tomatoes    
Asparagus tomatoes, parsley, basil, nasturtium, marigold onion family    
Aster most crops (repels insects)      
Basil tomatoes, asparagus, pepper, marigold, parsley, apricots, beans, cabbage rue, sage    
Bee balm tomatoes, attracts beneficial insects and bees      
Beetroot dill, dwarf beans, onions, savory, brassicas, lettuce, sage kohl-rabi spinach in the same row, pole beans kohl-rabi, red radishes mustard
Borage tomatoes, squash, strawberries. deters tomato hornworms and cabbage worms, roses      
Broad beans brassicas, carrots, celery, corn, herbs garlic    
Broccoli beans, nasturtium, oregano, potatoes, celery, dill, chamomile, sage, mints, rosemary, onion      
Brussel sprouts beans, nasturtium, potatoes, celery, dill, sage, mints, rosemary, hyssop      
Buckwheat good cover crop, accumulates calcium      
Cabbage family beet, dwarf beans, celery, cucumber, lettuce, onions, potatoes, tomatoes, garlic, marigold, nasturtium, oregano, spinach, chamomile, sage, mints, rosemary, lavender, tansy, hyssop, weeds pole beans, strawberry, dill    
Calendula most crops (repels insects)      
Caraway peas      
Carrot garlic, dill, chicory, cabbage, chives, cress, onions, leeks, peas, radishes, lettuce, tomatoes, pole beans, sage, rosemary, wormwood other carrots, mint, dill leeks in the ground until spring chicory, late dwarf beans
Cauliflower celery, pole beans, phacelia, tomato, nasturtium, oregano, dill, chamomile, mints, lavender, beetroot, hyssop, radish cabbage, onions, potatoes spinach lamb's lettuce
Celeriac dwarf beans, head lettuce, leeks      
Celery cabbage, spinach, beans, leeks, peas, tomatoes, cauliflower, onions, dill, nasturtium other celery pulses (peas, broad beans, green beans), winter spinach mustard
Chamomile cabbages, cucumbers, onions, mints      
Chervil radishes, lettuce, carrots      
Chinese cabbage kohl-rabi, spinach, beans, peas radishes lettuce, cut-and-come-again lettuce, kohl-rabi mustard
Chives carrots, tomatoes, apple trees, cucumber, roses, grapes      
Chrysanthemum most crops, esp. strawberry      
Clover green manure, many plants      
Coriander anise, potatoes      
Corn (sweetcorn) beans, brassicas, peas, radishes, sunflowers, cucumber, melons, squash, potatoes, lamb's quarters, sow thistle tomatoes    
Cosmos in borders      
Cucumber dill, basil, celery, cabbage, spinach, fennel, pole beans, dwarf beans, lettuce, onions, radish, sunflower, peas, corn, marigold, nasturtium, savory, broccoli radishes, potatoes, strong herbs broad beans, mustard mustard
Dead nettle border to potato, kills bug      
Dill cabbage, lettuce, squash, onions, cucumbers, corn carrots, tomatoes    
Dwarf beans dill, beetroot, borage, celery, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, cucumber, celeriac, eggplant, strawberries, peas, potatoes, radishes, tomatoes, valerian (heliotrope), sweet corn, lettuce, savory, tansy, marigold, nasturtium, squash chives, fennel, pole beans, onions, leeks, garlic new carrots chicory, lamb's lettuce
Eggplant dwarf beans, peas, potatoes, spinach, marigold, tarragon, thyme      
Fennel chicory, cucumber, lettuce kohl-rabi, beans, tomatoes early peas mustard
Flax carrots, potatoes      
Garlic fruit trees, carrots, cucumber, strawberries, onions, leeks, roses, tomatoes, raspberries cabbage, beans, peas pulses such as broad beans or peas  
horseradish potatoes (plant in containers)      
Hyssop cabbage, grapes, radishes    
Kohl-rabi beetroot, spinach, beans, leeks, peas, lettuce, tomatoes fennel spinach, lettuce Chinese cabbage, lamb's lettuce, winter radish
Leeks garlic, carrots, celery, celeriac, spinach, strawberries, tomatoes, onions, beans, peas kohl-rabi, lettuce carrot (early), parsley
Lettuce in general dill, beetroot, borage, kohl-rabi, cucumber, spinach, beans, peas, radishes, tomatoes, carrots, strawberries, marigold, onion family, clover celery, cabbage, cress, parsley kohl-rabi, red radishes cabbage, cucumber
Lovage beans      
Marigolds almost everything, esp. beans, potatoes, roses, tomatoes (repels nematodes) beans, cabbage    
Melons corn, nasturtiums, radishes, peanuts      
Mint cabbage, tomatoes (but invasive)      
Nasturtiums tomatoes, radishes, cabbage, cucumbers, fruit trees, potatoes      
Onions beets, garlic, dill, carrots, cucumber, parsnips, roses, lettuce, tomatoes, corn, squash savory, sweet pepper, strawberries, silverbeet, potatoes, sow thistle, cabbage, beans, leeks, peas mustard (autumn) chicory
Oregano most crops, esp. cabbage, cucumber      
Parsley tomatoes, asparagus, roses, celery, leeks, peas, chives, carrots, onions mint    
Parsnip radish      
Peaches basil, garlic, tansy      
Peas carrots, celery, cabbage, spinach, radishes, lettuce, corn, early potato, eggplant, strawberry, sweet pepper, turnip, cucumber other peas, beans, onions, leeks, tomatoes, garlic nothing the same year Brussels sprouts, Chinese cabbage
Peppermint cabbages      
Petunias asparagus, tomatoes, beans, anywhere      
Plum horseradish      
Pole beans beetroot, celery, carrots, cucumber, eggplant, radish spinach, lettuce, corn, savory dwarf beans, onions, leeks, peas, chard, sunflowers, beetroot new carrots lamb's lettuce
Potato dwarf beans, cabbage family, corn, eggplant, pea, horseradish, cabbage, lima beans, marigold, nasturtium, lettuce, onion, petunia, flax, lima beans, dead nettle Apples, cucumber, strawberries, tomatoes, rosemary, sunflower    
Pumpkin corn, radish potatoes    
Radishes beetroots, carrots, cress, beans, lettuce, tomatoes, squash, cucumber, parsnip, peas, spinach, nasturtium, melons cucumber, hyssop mustard lamb's lettuce
Raspberry tansy      
Rose garlic, marigolds, parsley, lavender      
Rosemary cabbage, beans, carrots, sage potatoes    
Rue roses, raspberries cabbage, basil, sage    
Sage broccoli, cauliflower, rosemary, cabbage, carrots, beans, peas, strawberries, marjoram cucumber, rue, basil    
Savory beans, onions      
Silverbeet lavender, onion family      
Southernwood cabbage      
Soy bean most vegetables –helps everything!      
Spinach celery, cabbage, strawberries, beans, peas, radishes, lettuce, eggplant, cauliflower, peas beetroot, other spinach kohl-rabi and all veg. except chard and beetroot beans, cabbage, celery, tomato and most other veg.
Squash corn, onion, radish, marigold, nasturtium, beans, mints potatoes    
Strawberries dwarf beans, lettuce (border), onions, peas, spinach, borage cabbage, tomatoes    
Sunflowers sweet corn, cucumber pole beans    
Sweet pepper peas, carrots, garlic, tomatoes, basil, lovage, marjoram, onion, oregano      
Tansy fruit trees, roses, raspberries (toxic to many animals though), peppers, potatoes      
Tarragon everything      
Thyme cabbage (interplant)      
Tomatoes carrots, celery, cabbage, spinach, dwarf beans, onions, parsnips, parsley, leeks, lettuce, asparagus, gooseberry, marigold, nasturtium, lima beans, mint, basil, sage, chives, sow thistle beetroot, red cabbage, fennel, peas, apricots, corn, dill, rosemary, strawberries kohl-rabi, spinach, mustard mustard
Turnip and rutabaga peas potatoes    
White cabbage, red cabbage, curly cabbage, Brussels sprouts beetroot, borage, carrot, celery, cucumber, spinach, pole beans, phacelia (fiddleneck – green fertilizer), peas, lettuce, tomato, chamomile, peppermint, dill, sage and rosemary garlic, onions, other cabbage pulses (peas, broad beans, green beans) red radishes, spinach lamb's lettuce, spinach
Wormwood cabbage, insect deterrent      
Yarrow anywhere, hosts ladybugs, hoverflies, predatory wasps      
Zucchini basil, beans, onions, corn, mint, radishes cucumber, potatoes pulses (broad beans, peas) mustard


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April 19, 2005

A couple of years in a row, after we moved here, we planted a garden. The first one did really well. The 2nd one didn't. We'd always planted the same way, or so we thought.

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Even if you don't have much money you can still enjoy organic vegetables and fruit if you grow your own. If you live in a flat you can grow herbs on the window sill in pots. Runner beans can be grown on a balcony, they can be trained round the balcony rails.

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When planting tomatoes, plant okra in the spaces between. This saves space and the okra with it's broad leaves helps protect the tomatoes from sun scald.

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November 9, 2009

I need to know if it is safe to grow foxglove as a companion plant with vegetables and berries.

Hardiness Zone: 10b

By Fi from NZ


November 9, 20090 found this helpful

Foxglove ( Digitalis) have beautiful flowers and it is known to stimulate the growth of plants near it. It makes the neigboring plants disease resistant. It improves the storage qualities of fruits and vegetables and root vegetables probably due to gaseous secretions and minute hormones. Good luck.

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November 9, 20090 found this helpful

Thanks so much, our garden is thriving, we are organically growing our fruit and veges and love to companion plant. Merry Christmas

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November 12, 20090 found this helpful

From experience, I can honestly say that foxglove is great, interplanted with anything, although the biggest gains (for no reason that I can explain!) were with garlic- we grow a really cool "walking" garlic (the seed bulb sets on top), and it really seems to give the garlic a boost. This was in Northwestern Washington State- I don't know if you're growing things up north, or where, but it's a big help in the garden in the damp, cooler northern climate. Good luck- you're making a great investment for your family's health! :o)

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March 29, 2015

Why are lettuce and parsley bad companion plants?

By Sasha A. from Albury, NSW


August 7, 20170 found this helpful

Parsley plants attract swallowtail butterfly caterpillars. Plus, an adult swallowtail will lay its eggs on the leaves of your parsley plants. You don't want this near your lettuce plants. The best companion plants for parsley are chives, peppers, onions., tomatoes, roses, corn and asparagus.

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May 31, 2013

I just read that potatoes and garlic are not best friends. I just planted potatoes about 2-3 feet from winter garlic. Do I need to move them? The garlic will be harvested early July.

By Kasey

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