|Vegetable||Good Companions||Bad Companions||Good Previous Crops||Good Next Crops|
|Anise||coriander, brassicas (deters pests), most plants (improves vigor), beans|
|Apples||foxgloves, nasturtiums, onion family||grass, potatoes|
|Asparagus||tomatoes, parsley, basil, nasturtium, marigold||onion family|
|Aster||most crops (repels insects)|
|Basil||tomatoes, asparagus, pepper, marigold, parsley, apricots, beans, cabbage||rue, sage|
|Bee balm||tomatoes, attracts beneficial insects and bees|
|Beetroot||dill, dwarf beans, onions, savory, brassicas, lettuce, sage kohl-rabi||spinach in the same row, pole beans||kohl-rabi, red radishes||mustard|
|Borage||tomatoes, squash, strawberries. deters tomato hornworms and cabbage worms, roses|
|Broad beans||brassicas, carrots, celery, corn, herbs||garlic|
|Broccoli||beans, nasturtium, oregano, potatoes, celery, dill, chamomile, sage, mints, rosemary, onion|
|Brussel sprouts||beans, nasturtium, potatoes, celery, dill, sage, mints, rosemary, hyssop|
|Buckwheat||good cover crop, accumulates calcium|
|Cabbage family||beet, dwarf beans, celery, cucumber, lettuce, onions, potatoes, tomatoes, garlic, marigold, nasturtium, oregano, spinach, chamomile, sage, mints, rosemary, lavender, tansy, hyssop, weeds||pole beans, strawberry, dill|
|Calendula||most crops (repels insects)|
|Carrot||garlic, dill, chicory, cabbage, chives, cress, onions, leeks, peas, radishes, lettuce, tomatoes, pole beans, sage, rosemary, wormwood||other carrots, mint, dill||leeks in the ground until spring||chicory, late dwarf beans|
|Cauliflower||celery, pole beans, phacelia, tomato, nasturtium, oregano, dill, chamomile, mints, lavender, beetroot, hyssop, radish||cabbage, onions, potatoes||spinach||lamb's lettuce|
|Celeriac||dwarf beans, head lettuce, leeks|
|Celery||cabbage, spinach, beans, leeks, peas, tomatoes, cauliflower, onions, dill, nasturtium||other celery||pulses (peas, broad beans, green beans), winter spinach||mustard|
|Chamomile||cabbages, cucumbers, onions, mints|
|Chervil||radishes, lettuce, carrots|
|Chinese cabbage||kohl-rabi, spinach, beans, peas||radishes||lettuce, cut-and-come-again lettuce, kohl-rabi||mustard|
|Chives||carrots, tomatoes, apple trees, cucumber, roses, grapes|
|Chrysanthemum||most crops, esp. strawberry|
|Clover||green manure, many plants|
|Corn (sweetcorn)||beans, brassicas, peas, radishes, sunflowers, cucumber, melons, squash, potatoes, lamb's quarters, sow thistle||tomatoes|
|Cucumber||dill, basil, celery, cabbage, spinach, fennel, pole beans, dwarf beans, lettuce, onions, radish, sunflower, peas, corn, marigold, nasturtium, savory, broccoli||radishes, potatoes, strong herbs||broad beans, mustard||mustard|
|Dead nettle||border to potato, kills bug|
|Dill||cabbage, lettuce, squash, onions, cucumbers, corn||carrots, tomatoes|
|Dwarf beans||dill, beetroot, borage, celery, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, cucumber, celeriac, eggplant, strawberries, peas, potatoes, radishes, tomatoes, valerian (heliotrope), sweet corn, lettuce, savory, tansy, marigold, nasturtium, squash||chives, fennel, pole beans, onions, leeks, garlic||new carrots||chicory, lamb's lettuce|
|Eggplant||dwarf beans, peas, potatoes, spinach, marigold, tarragon, thyme|
|Fennel||chicory, cucumber, lettuce||kohl-rabi, beans, tomatoes||early peas||mustard|
|Garlic||fruit trees, carrots, cucumber, strawberries, onions, leeks, roses, tomatoes, raspberries||cabbage, beans, peas||pulses such as broad beans or peas|
|horseradish||potatoes (plant in containers)|
|Kohl-rabi||beetroot, spinach, beans, leeks, peas, lettuce, tomatoes||fennel||spinach, lettuce||Chinese cabbage, lamb's lettuce, winter radish|
|Leeks||garlic, carrots, celery, celeriac, spinach, strawberries, tomatoes, onions,||beans, peas||kohl-rabi, lettuce||carrot (early), parsley|
|Lettuce in general||dill, beetroot, borage, kohl-rabi, cucumber, spinach, beans, peas, radishes, tomatoes, carrots, strawberries, marigold, onion family, clover||celery, cabbage, cress, parsley||kohl-rabi, red radishes||cabbage, cucumber|
|Marigolds||almost everything, esp. beans, potatoes, roses, tomatoes (repels nematodes)||beans, cabbage|
|Melons||corn, nasturtiums, radishes, peanuts|
|Mint||cabbage, tomatoes (but invasive)|
|Nasturtiums||tomatoes, radishes, cabbage, cucumbers, fruit trees, potatoes|
|Onions||beets, garlic, dill, carrots, cucumber, parsnips, roses, lettuce, tomatoes, corn, squash savory, sweet pepper, strawberries, silverbeet, potatoes, sow thistle,||cabbage, beans, leeks, peas||mustard (autumn)||chicory|
|Oregano||most crops, esp. cabbage, cucumber|
|Parsley||tomatoes, asparagus, roses, celery, leeks, peas, chives, carrots, onions||mint|
|Peaches||basil, garlic, tansy|
|Peas||carrots, celery, cabbage, spinach, radishes, lettuce, corn, early potato, eggplant, strawberry, sweet pepper, turnip, cucumber||other peas, beans, onions, leeks, tomatoes, garlic||nothing the same year||Brussels sprouts, Chinese cabbage|
|Petunias||asparagus, tomatoes, beans, anywhere|
|Pole beans||beetroot, celery, carrots, cucumber, eggplant, radish spinach, lettuce, corn, savory||dwarf beans, onions, leeks, peas, chard, sunflowers, beetroot||new carrots||lamb's lettuce|
|Potato||dwarf beans, cabbage family, corn, eggplant, pea, horseradish, cabbage, lima beans, marigold, nasturtium, lettuce, onion, petunia, flax, lima beans, dead nettle||Apples, cucumber, strawberries, tomatoes, rosemary, sunflower|
|Radishes||beetroots, carrots, cress, beans, lettuce, tomatoes, squash, cucumber, parsnip, peas, spinach, nasturtium, melons||cucumber, hyssop||mustard||lamb's lettuce|
|Rose||garlic, marigolds, parsley, lavender|
|Rosemary||cabbage, beans, carrots, sage||potatoes|
|Rue||roses, raspberries||cabbage, basil, sage|
|Sage||broccoli, cauliflower, rosemary, cabbage, carrots, beans, peas, strawberries, marjoram||cucumber, rue, basil|
|Silverbeet||lavender, onion family|
|Soy bean||most vegetables helps everything!|
|Spinach||celery, cabbage, strawberries, beans, peas, radishes, lettuce, eggplant, cauliflower, peas||beetroot, other spinach||kohl-rabi and all veg. except chard and beetroot||beans, cabbage, celery, tomato and most other veg.|
|Squash||corn, onion, radish, marigold, nasturtium, beans, mints||potatoes|
|Strawberries||dwarf beans, lettuce (border), onions, peas, spinach, borage||cabbage, tomatoes|
|Sunflowers||sweet corn, cucumber||pole beans|
|Sweet pepper||peas, carrots, garlic, tomatoes, basil, lovage, marjoram, onion, oregano|
|Tansy||fruit trees, roses, raspberries (toxic to many animals though), peppers, potatoes|
|Tomatoes||carrots, celery, cabbage, spinach, dwarf beans, onions, parsnips, parsley, leeks, lettuce, asparagus, gooseberry, marigold, nasturtium, lima beans, mint, basil, sage, chives, sow thistle||beetroot, red cabbage, fennel, peas, apricots, corn, dill, rosemary, strawberries||kohl-rabi, spinach, mustard||mustard|
|Turnip and rutabaga||peas||potatoes|
|White cabbage, red cabbage, curly cabbage, Brussels sprouts||beetroot, borage, carrot, celery, cucumber, spinach, pole beans, phacelia (fiddleneck green fertilizer), peas, lettuce, tomato, chamomile, peppermint, dill, sage and rosemary||garlic, onions, other cabbage||pulses (peas, broad beans, green beans) red radishes, spinach||lamb's lettuce, spinach|
|Wormwood||cabbage, insect deterrent|
|Yarrow||anywhere, hosts ladybugs, hoverflies, predatory wasps|
|Zucchini||basil, beans, onions, corn, mint, radishes||cucumber, potatoes||pulses (broad beans, peas)||mustard|
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A couple of years in a row, after we moved here, we planted a garden. The first one did really well. The 2nd one didn't. We'd always planted the same way, or so we thought.
Even if you don't have much money you can still enjoy organic vegetables and fruit if you grow your own. If you live in a flat you can grow herbs on the window sill in pots. Runner beans can be grown on a balcony, they can be trained round the balcony rails.
When planting tomatoes, plant okra in the spaces between. This saves space and the okra with it's broad leaves helps protect the tomatoes from sun scald.
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I need to know if it is safe to grow foxglove as a companion plant with vegetables and berries.
Hardiness Zone: 10b
By Fi from NZ
Foxglove ( Digitalis) have beautiful flowers and it is known to stimulate the growth of plants near it. It makes the neigboring plants disease resistant. It improves the storage qualities of fruits and vegetables and root vegetables probably due to gaseous secretions and minute hormones. Good luck.
Thanks so much, our garden is thriving, we are organically growing our fruit and veges and love to companion plant. Merry Christmas
From experience, I can honestly say that foxglove is great, interplanted with anything, although the biggest gains (for no reason that I can explain!) were with garlic- we grow a really cool "walking" garlic (the seed bulb sets on top), and it really seems to give the garlic a boost. This was in Northwestern Washington State- I don't know if you're growing things up north, or where, but it's a big help in the garden in the damp, cooler northern climate. Good luck- you're making a great investment for your family's health! :o)
Why are lettuce and parsley bad companion plants?
By Sasha A. from Albury, NSW
Parsley plants attract swallowtail butterfly caterpillars. Plus, an adult swallowtail will lay its eggs on the leaves of your parsley plants. You don't want this near your lettuce plants. The best companion plants for parsley are chives, peppers, onions., tomatoes, roses, corn and asparagus.
I just read that potatoes and garlic are not best friends. I just planted potatoes about 2-3 feet from winter garlic. Do I need to move them? The garlic will be harvested early July.