Add to GuideAsk a Question
To Top

Preparing Your Trees for Winter

Category Tree Health
Tree Covered with frost
Preparing your trees before the winter will not only protect them from frost but also boost their health for the next growing season. This is a guide about preparing your trees for winter.
Ad

Solutions

Share on ThriftyFunThis guide contains the following solutions. Have something to add? Please share your solution!

November 20, 20092 found this helpful

Fall is one of the most important times of the year to take care of your trees. By taking a little extra time now to prepare you trees for winter, you'll see the results of your efforts well into the next growing season.

Ad

Watering

Watering is the number one key to good fall tree care. When your deciduous treed start to lose their leaves, make sure they are still getting plenty of water. It's important that nutrients continue to be delivered to the roots until the ground freezes. Unlike deciduous trees, conifers don't drop their leaves. They need to maintain their foliage throughout the winter. Extra water now will help offset moisture lost to winter winds and help them fend off "winter burn."

Well-established trees should receive a slow deep watering (penetrating the soil 5-6 inches) every 7-10 days. Because young saplings have less developed root systems, they should be watered more frequently, but given less water each time. You want to penetrate the root system, but not overwhelm it so that the roots are constantly wet.

If your area receives adequate rainfall (1 inch or more) during the week, your trees are probably fine. If not, you'll need to make up the difference. Soil conditions, slope, and nearby vegetation all affect how efficiently water soaks into the soil. For example, a lot of rain in a short period of time tends to run off rather than soak into the ground, so you may need to supplement a hard rainfall with additional water.

When watering, don't apply water next to the trunk or you may increase the risk of disease. Start at the outer half under the canopy and extend your watering just beyond the drip line.

Fertilizing

Fall (or early spring) is also a great time to give tree roots a boost of fertilizer. Most deciduous trees benefit from an application of fertilizer every two to three years-conifers typically need it less often. One indicator for the need to fertilize is the amount of shoot growth that occurred during the present year.

Ad
  • > 6 inches of shoot growth = no need for fertilizer
  • 2-6 inches of shoot growth = okay to apply fertilizer
  • < 2 inches of shoot growth = may benefit from fertilizer

If you have reasonably fertile soil, fertilize your lawn regularly, or if your trees are located in a wooded area where they are blanketed with leaves every year, you can probably skip the fertilizer. If you're unsure, the best way to find out is with a soil test.

There are several ways to calculate how much fertilizer to apply, each varying slightly based on the age and growth stage of your tree. Again, the most accurate way to determine how much you need is to get a soil test done on one or two of the trees. The results will tell you if you need fertilizer, and if so, what kind and how much to apply.

Adding Mulch

Mulching is the final step to preparing trees for winter. A layer of mulch 4-6 inches deep starting 6 inches out from the trunk and extending out 1-2 feet will help hold moisture in and keep the ground from freezing early, which encourages the roots to remain active as long as possible. Chopped up leaves, wood chips, or other organic materials work best.

Rodents love tender tree bark, especially when food supplies grow short in the winter. To prevent rodents from burrowing under the mulch to reach young trees, cover the base of the trunk in hardware cloth or wrap it with a plastic tree guard for the winter.

Ad
Comment Was this helpful? 2

Questions

Ask a QuestionHere are the questions asked by community members. Read on to see the answers provided by the ThriftyFun community or ask a new question.

September 17, 20110 found this helpful

I live in central New Jersey. How do I protect my baby maple trees from our winters before I plant them in the spring?

By Maria S

Answer Was this helpful? Yes
Related Content
Categories
Home and Garden Gardening Trees Tree HealthNovember 9, 2011
Guides
Closeup of Gray Squirrel
Keeping Squirrels Out of Fruit Trees
Peach pits and fruit on white background.
Growing Peach Trees from Pits
Cottonwood Tree
Getting Rid of Cottonwood Roots
Preparing Your Car for Winter, Young man putting snow chains on his car tire
Preparing Your Car for Winter
More
📓
Back to School Ideas!
😎
Summer Ideas!
Facebook
Pinterest
YouTube
Contests!
Newsletters
Ask a Question
Share a Post
Categories
Desktop Page | View Mobile

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Contact Us

© 1997-2017 by Cumuli, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Published by .

Generated 2017/08/10 09:49:57 in 1 secs. ⛅️️ ⚡️
Loading Something Awesome!