Breed Information: Poodle

Breed Description: The Poodle is a squarely built and well proportioned dog breed that comes in three distinct sizes, Standard (large), Miniature (medium), and Toy (small). First developed by Europeans as gun dogs for retrieving from water, they are one of the most intelligent and versatile breeds of dog and make wonderful family pets.

Group: Non-Sporting, Toy

Purpose of Breed: Gun dogs, water retrievers

Country of Origin: Europe

Average Size: Standard Poodles range from 21 inches to 27 inches; Miniature Poodles are no more than 15 inches tall and Toy Poodles are no more than 10 inches tall. "Royal", "Tea Cup" and "Tiny Toy" are not recognized or registrable varieties of poodle.

Color(s): Any solid color.

Coat Type: Coats are either curly (most common) or corded, and have a naturally harsh texture.

Grooming: Poodles are minimal shedders. The curly coat of this breed is easy to groom and keep clean. Dogs not maintaining the poodle clip will still need to be trimmed periodically to maintain a healthy and manageable coat. This breed requires standard care for pads and nails. Ears and eyes should be examined regularly.

Exercise Needs: Poodles are active dogs that enjoy running, swimming and playing. Their exercise requirements depend somewhat on their size, but all poodles require adequate physical and mental challenges to maintain their health. Poodles should be kept on a lead while walking and ideally, be provided with a fenced yard.

Temperament: This is one of the most intelligent and obedient of all of the dog breeds. Poodles are energetic, trainable, and although they are somewhat suspicious of strangers, they get along well with all manner of people and companion animals.

Common Ailments: Susceptible to hip dysplasia, PRA, Von Willebrand's Disease, thyroid problems. Patellar Luxation, Legg-Perthe's Disease, Addison's disease and skin problems. .

Life Expectancy: Averages 10-13 years

Trivia: Poodles are clipped for a purpose that is not just merely decorative. It is a clip that is meant to allow for easier swimming, and to protect the joints and vital organs while the dog retrieves in cold water.


More Information: Poodle club of America, Inc.

About The Author: Ellen Brown is an environmental writer and photographer and the owner of Sustainable Media, an environmental media company that specializes in helping businesses and organizations promote eco-friendly products and services. Contact her on the web at


April 28, 20060 found this helpful

My dog looks just like the one in the picture...I was wondering what color she/he is because it looks like mine. Is is red apricot?

Editor's Note: It looks like it might be a red apricot.

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