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The best way to ensure your kids safety while at play is to make sure that there is always an adult around to supervise play. Make sure that children understand basic playtime etiquette before activities begin. Dangerous horseplay like pushing, jumping from heights, and throwing sticks or rocks at others is not acceptable behavior. Unless they are in a pool, kids should always wear appropriate (non skid) footwear when playing on outdoor equipment.
Keep up on routine repairs and maintenance. Inspect for loose or corroded fittings, swing seats, chains, and cables, and tighten or replace them as necessary. Cover protruding bolts, and pinch shut "s" hooks. Check wood for insect damage and sand splinter hazards smooth. Check plastics for cracks, broken glass or other debris hidden in surfacing areas.
Cushion falls. According to a 2001 study by the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission, of the roughly 50,000 injuries associated each year with home playground equipment, 69% of injuries were the result of falls. Yet despite this fact, only about 9% of home playgrounds have protective surfaces installed below equipment. Examples of appropriate surfacing materials include pea gravel, sand, shredded/recycled rubber mulch, wood mulch, and wood chips.
The type and depth of the protective surface covering depends on the "critical" height of your playground equipment (the maximum fall height from which a life-threatening head injury would occur). Check with the equipment's manufacturer for specific recommendations. If you already have a protective surface installed under your playground equipment, fluff it up with a rake, and if necessary add additional material to the appropriate depth.
Remove hanging ropes. Any rope-like objects that have been attached to outdoor equipment (jump ropes, clotheslines, dog leashes, or other choking hazards) should be removed to prevent potential entanglement.
To help prevent germs from spreading among children at play, surfaces that are exposed to little hands should be cleaned regularly with a non-toxic cleaning solution:
Mix and spray on equipment using a hand-sprayer. Use a sponge or towel to wash away dirt. Rinse with water from the garden hose.
Mix and shake until baking soda dissolves and spray onto equipment with a hand-held sprayer. Rinse with hose to remove residue.
Wading pools can be especially hard to keep clean because kids are constantly getting in and out-dragging dirt and grass along with their feet. To keep draining and refilling to a minimum, start the summer with a clean pool, then place a bucket of water nearby so that kids can rinse their feet before stepping into the pool. Use a hand-held skimmer or fine strainer to filter floating debris, and make sure everyone gets out for regular bathroom breaks. Don't forget to inspect inflatable toys for air leaks.
Under the right moisture conditions, sandboxes can be incubators for mold and mildew. To help keep sand clean and dry, cover sandboxes securely when not in use. Not only will this keep out rain, but also neighborhood cats. If moisture starts to build up, turn the sand with a shovel so moist layers are exposed to sun. Use a simple strainer to sift out debris like rocks, dead twigs, and leaves. Replace or add new sand as necessary.
These are some really great tips! I'd like to add a couple of things based on what we've experienced if I may?
Kiddie pools-cover them up too, keeps them clean longer.
Sandboxes- inspect regularly for spiders & other insects! We had a plastic sandbox with built-in seats & a hinged lid. We had a real problem with spiders (brown recluse) getting in there under the lid & the seats.
Same with other play toys-check under slides, climbing walls, fort floors & the roof, etc. for spiders and other insects. The spiders really liked our kiddie slide that had the steps & slide with a tunnel under it for the toddlers to crawl through!
Don't assume it's safe cause your kids were playing on the equipment just a few days ago. Our worst experience was when our 10 yr old went to play on our big wood fort/swing/slide & hornets had built a nest under the slide almost over night. He went down the slide & they nailed him-over 13 stings! We spent several painful hours in the Minor Emergency Center while they dosed him with antihistamines & watched for severe reactions!
Also check to make sure your swing set is sturdy enough. We made ours from a kit from a home improvement store and it's fine except when several kids are on it and trying to swing high. When we had a contractor doing other work on the house, we had him inspect it and he added a few sections of wood (diagonally) as extra supports for the beams going into the ground. Now the set doesn't bump out of the ground when they swing.