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Growing Pepper Plants

Category Vegetables
Many pepper varieties can be grown in the garden or in containers, for a wonderful addition to your diet.This is a guide about growing pepper plants.
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By 0 found this helpful
October 2, 2008

Question:

I am having trouble with my potted pepper plants. The leaves keep dropping off and look horrible. Attached is an image of what they look like. I can't tell if it is a disease or some bug eating them. Thank you in advance for any help or ideas!

Hardiness Zone: 6b

Angela from Painesville, OH

Answer:

Hi Angela,

If you don't see signs of insects, my guess would be that it is some type of bacterial leaf spot. Incidentally, tomatoes are also susceptible to bacterial leaf spot and can act as hosts for this disease.

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Symptoms usually appear as small yellowish-green spots on the plant's leaves. As the spots mature, they become brown to black and sunken. Tissue in the center of the spots often dries and breaks away, giving the leaves a "bullet hole" appearance. The edges and tips of leaves may die, then dry and break away, causing leaves to appear ragged and eventually drop off. Bacterial leaf spot can also cause brown, scab-like spots on the peppers themselves.

This pathogen usually starts with infested seeds (surviving up to 10 years on dried seeds). It can also lay waiting in the soil on dead plant debris (for up to 6 months) and spread from plant to plant by way of splashing water.

The first line of defense in controlling bacterial leaf spot is to make sure you start with pathogen-free pepper seeds and transplants. Avoid watering plants from overhead to reduce splashing and practice crop rotation by rotating non-host crops like corn and beans every few years. Spray your pepper plants with copper as soon as symptoms appear to prevent further spread of the disease. Seeds can be pre-soaked in a 10% bleach solution. Discard severely infected plants, including all plant debris. Don't compost this material, toss it in the garbage.

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Good luck!
Ellen

Answers

By guest (Guest Post)
July 17, 20080 found this helpful

I can't tell from the picture if this is caused by overwatering and not letting the soil dry between waterings or if you have a bug called scale. Scale is a small brown bug that you can easily take off the plant. As they travel and multiply they leave a sticky residue. There are houseplant insecticides you can buy that sometimes work. Try looking online at other pictures to compare with.

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By guest (Guest Post)
July 20, 20080 found this helpful

Have you contacted your extension office yet? They are a great resource (especially since your tax-dollars pay for it) and will let you know what is wrong with your plants!

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By guest (Guest Post)
October 2, 20080 found this helpful

THANK YOU! I actually do have another question though... do I have to get rid of the pots these plants were in also?

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By guest (Guest Post)
October 6, 20080 found this helpful

Ellen mentioned spraying them with copper. What exactly is that and where is it purchased? Thanks

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July 20, 20111 found this helpful

I am having trouble with my capsicum plants (bell peppers). The leaves are falling off and they have also gotten a bit light and close to a yellow colour. I don't see any insects on the plants. Any ideas please? from Sri Lanka

By Sumudu L. from Sri Lanka

Answers

July 22, 20110 found this helpful

Peppers need lots of things, mostly a fair amount of water, but they can also benefit from epsom salts. Place1 tablespoon under the plant when transplanting, or mix1 tablespoon in a gallon of water and spray the soil, or you can use a spray attachment on a garden hose (use 1/2 cup of salts).

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I spray the soil around the plant once a week and the pepper plant stopped losing leaves. I now have my first batch of flowers and one lone pepper starting to grow.

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By 0 found this helpful
June 1, 2010

Why can't I seem to get my pepper plants to grow? They have yellow-spotted leaves? They are in a flower pot (cement-breathable).

Hardiness Zone: 10a

By Catherine from Port St Lucie, FL

Answers

June 1, 20100 found this helpful

People are so fooled by breathable pots. The clay pots kill almost every thing they touch. Even though the guy from the flowershop swears by them. Even my aloe had to go to plastic. And it thrived like majic after the transplant.

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Remove the dead leaves.

Use a different kind of pot. Put plastic bottles or something in the bottom, then a layer of the garden cloth, or a piece of old sheet. Then soil then plants with more soil. This makes the pot more breathable from the bottom. And much more happy plants.

Been there with many plants. Happy Gardening!

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June 29, 20100 found this helpful

You need a deep enough pot for the root systems. About 10-12 inches of dirt deep. They need to set roots off the main stem and make itself stronger, then goes about its business setting fruit blossoms.

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