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If you are already growing a Christmas (or Easter) Cactus, then you know they're not like other cacti. Even though they are succulents, they have much different requirements than their spine-covered cousins from the desert. That's because their natural habitat is actually in the forest-more specifically woodlands and jungles. In fact, they are actually referred to as Forest Cacti.
A typical forest cactus has leaf-like stems and a trailing growth habit that makes them suitable for hanging baskets. But their greatest feature is really their flowers. From creamy whites to vibrant reds and fuchsias, the flowers on some varieties get as big as saucers.
Unfortunately, unless you are able to meet their specific needs, Forest Cacti can be shy bloomers. If you want a good display ever year, you need to provide them with a cool, dry place to rest in the early spring, be careful not to move them an inch once buds appear, and allow stems to harden outdoor during the summer. To complicate things, each type also has specific needs.
Temperature: Ideally, Christmas Cacti prefer temperatures in the range or 55-70 degrees F. During their resting period, most prefer cooler temperatures of 50 to 55 degrees F.
Light: These plants need a well-lit location out of direct sunlight.
Food and Water: After a period of rest, watering should be increased when buds begin to form. During flowering and active growth, water and feed as you would most houseplants. Water liberally when soil starts to dry. Christmas cactus don't like hard water, so use rain water or filtered water if possible.
Humidity: Leaves need misting frequently.
Repotting: Christmas cacti benefit from annual repotting after they finish flowering.
Propagation: Christmas cacti root easily from cuttings. Take stem cuttings from a terminal stem tip in the summer. Allow it to cure for a few days before inserting in into a peat-based compost.
Mid-November through January: This is the normal flowering period. Water normally and maintain a minimum temperature of 55 degrees F.
February and March: This is the important period of rest. Move plant into cooler temperatures (50-55 degrees F.)
April and May: Resume normal feeding and watering. Water well when compost starts to dry out.
June through Mid-September: Set your Christmas cactus outdoors. Forest Cacti need a spell outdoors to harden their stems in order to produce next year's flower buds. Place cactus in a shady spot and protect it from snails and slugs by placing crushed eggshells (or other sharp material) around its base.
Mid-September through Mid-November: This is considered the pre-flowering period. Keep plants on the cooler, dryer side until you see flower buds form. Then increase water and temperature and leave it alone to flower.
I started adding Castor Oil several years ago & have had the most beautiful flowers! It pretty much blooms year round. As soon as one cycle of blooming is done, here comes another!
I don't do anything special...water it when it is dry, add plant food when I remember to. It sits in a south window & grows like crazy.
If you put your cactus in a room with cooler temperatures for September and October. As soon as you see flower buds forming move it to a room with lots of light. Be sure that it doesn't get moved again until after it has finished. It also has to be root bound to flower. I cheat and start feeding mine a 15-30-50 fertilizer starting The end of October.
How often do you give it castor oil. Mine is not blooming and I want to try this.
I keep mine in my kitchen window year round. It has beautiful blooms right now. Just so full of beauty.
After moving south from the mid-atlantic, I had to experiment with locations and amount of bright light for my Thanksgiving cactus. It loves a sunny afternoon window October through bloom. It loved it's new spot on the front porch catching the morning sun nearly the entire summer...brought it inside in August and returned to porch in late September for a bit. This is November and it is in the window catching the afternoon sun and loaded with buds! We live in coastal S.C.
How often do you give it castor oil and how much? My cactus is not blooming just bought it last year.
How often do you give it castor oil and how much? My cactus is not blooming just bought it last year.
you can give a cactus castor oil, never heard of that.j
I have 2 plants, red and white flowers. I left outside too in the corner of my deck in original pots over the summer. I live in NJ. In a way they did get neglected. I just noticed (Oct. 15) that both are now forming flower buds. I just brought them in case of possible frost and will now keep them in the same exposure but in a greenhouse window in my kitchen. I can't believe it!
ty for your tips
I personally do nothing. I put them in an east window and water them every two weeks. When the buds start to open. (which mine are doing now), I move them to where I want to show them off. These plants are very long lived. I inherited one of mine from my grandmother when she died. She had had it for 10 - 15 years and I have had it for another three. I have 4 plants pink, white, peach, and red. These are easy to propagate. You just pick a couple of segments off, and then stick them in the dirt, so easy.
I have a 55+ year old Christmas Cactus that I got after my grandmother's death. It didn't do very well and didn't grow much and I was about to throw it away; then, I remembered seeing my grandmother pour whatever she was drinking on the cactus, (tea, coffee). I started giving the cactus a cup of coffee once a week and it has just exploded! It blooms twice a year and has grown by leaps and bounds. Try coffee!
By Liz from Birmingham, AL
Editor's Note: This works really well but make sure it is has no sugar or cream in it.
Coffee grinds and crunched egg shells. This was my moms watering seceret. She could grow anything, people would bring her their plants that were just about dead and maybe about 4 weeks later she would give them back so BEAUTIFUL. I have many plants too. Thank you mom for leaving me your talent. I miss you so so much
That has worked well for me for years, too. I have a large size cactus with beautiful huge "fluffy" flute shaped flowers that everyone raves about. Coffee is the secret.
Thanks for this tip. I have several in different colors and they bloom beautifully once a year. Perhaps by using your tip I can get another bloom out of them! This also worked really well in a terrarium we had at work. It made the asparagus fern grow up out of the terrarium! Go coffee!
Thanks for the tip, I am going to try it. I have a Christmas Cactus that was my moms. She always was able to make it bloom. But in the last 9 years since she's been gone, it has only bloomed once and then only had about 3 blossoms. The greenery is very healty but thin. Hope the coffee gives it the boost it needs.
I too have the same problem. I am wondering if you take milk in your coffee, as I do. I am curious if the milk would harm or benefit the cactus? Also I am house sitting a Christmas Cactus for a friend, and the leaves have turned red. Is it getting sun burnt perhaps? thanks
You just made me stop and think of my Grandmother.She used to do the same thing.I miss her she was alot of fun!!Thank's for the reminder darlene
I was wondering if this would also work for other plants of the same type. Like Jade plant, regular cactus, and maybe sedums? I also have a Christmas cactus that was my Mom's. I will try the coffee in it. Thanks for the tip!
I feed all my plants with my brewed coffee grinds. I fill a container(usually a weeks worth of coffee grinds) and apply to plants in the gardens and house plants too. I live in CA with a dry hot climate and I find it helps to enrich the dry cracking soil. I have found that Coffee grinds work well for roses too.
Thanks for the tip. I'm assuming you mean Black Coffee. If not, please let us all know. I have 2 Christmas Cactus' that I also took clippings from & put in other pots. They are alive - but still small & outside for the Summer. In Sept. I put in a dark place for 8-10 weeks & take out & fertilize w/Cactus Food & wait for Blooms around Nov-Dec. These are supposed to bloom twice a year, but so far no Blooms in Spring or Summer this year. Hopefully at The Holidays I'll have some Blooms. I just got them last Christmas. 1 White & 1 Fuchsia. Wish me luck!
Hi my name is Joan, and I love my Christmas cactus plants enven though they haven't bloomed in at least three years, and I'm so frustrated. I just had great success with a amaryliss bulb pre boxed with soil and it's pot and of corse it's blooming beautifuly and I did nothing to it. My cactus plants are my love.
I'm so happy I came accross this site. Regarding the coffee beans, my father always had my mom save each days coffee grounds and he would put them around his baby trees outside, and boy did they grow. Never tried them inside, but I'm going to.
A question regading the coffee-was the coffee (liguid-not ground) substituted for water? Or just used as a treat because I don't want to over water or in this cause over coffee (smiles) can I use the coffee and the grounds?
I'm going to start first thing tomorrow. Thanks to all of you and I will let you know my progress. Merry Christmas and belated Happy Chanukah, Joan
Obviously that works but what really works is rhododendron plant food. It is not expensive and it take so little (one forth teaspoon to a gallon water) that a small box lasts forever. It really makes the difference and the cactus will burst with blooms.
I have half a cup of tea on my desk right now. I tend to neglect the Christmas Cactus when I am not watering the rest of the garden in the summer/fall. I will go give it a drink of tea right now, and send you this pic. Blooms right on time, every year. Location location location. :)
This is a very old post but still good information.
Several asked about coffee with cream or sugar. "My" master gardener says to never give plants cream or milk products so I go with him on that.
Do you use room temperature coffee or cold coffee on the cactus?
If you add 2 Tbsp. of castor oil around the roots of a Christmas cactus in October, it will bloom in December.
Ask a QuestionHere are the questions asked by community members. Read on to see the answers provided by the ThriftyFun community or ask a new question.
By Madeleine from Gatineau, Qc.
I leave my cactus outside in the shade all spring and summer. When it starts getting cold at night around 40-45 degrees it will shock the plant and start the blooms after a couple weeks I bring the plants inside and in about a week all the blooms are open. I have done this for the past 15 years and did the same to other people's cactus plants and it worked well for them also. Good luck. They are beautiful plants and I am sure this will work for you.
I've heard that if you put it in a closet or someplace dark for a couple of weeks, the plant would have the "cycle of the seasons" and this is suppose to "force the plant to bloom! I've never had a Christmas Cactus, but read it on a plant/gardening website!
Deniaka is right. You should put it in the dark and barely water it. I would say it might take longer than 2 weeks though. Then when you bring it out to the light, water it good and put it in some really good light. You should have blooms, maybe not at Christmas, but blooms.
My Christmas cactus blooms every year. I just put Jobe fertilizer sticks in around the 1st of Nov. I keep the soil moist. Feed it every couple of week with another 1 or 2 sticks. place it in bright defused sunlight area. There's blooms already starting by Thanksgiving. By Christmas it just blooming like crazy and will continue to bloom through January. :)
This cactus also likes to be slightly root-bound before it will bloom, so don't pot it up into a bigger pot until the roots are literally waving at you from the bottom of the pot.
These are all very helpful articles/answers to the problems of growing Christmas cactus. I bought 2 small ones at Christmas from Home Depot. A white one & a fuschia one. They had buds; but a few days later they all fell off!
Well, I was very disappointed & I had just given them Cactus plant food, (the liquid kind) with some water! They haven't done anything but sit there plain looking. Unfortunately, I've been over watering them (I just read to let them get dry & just give a little water)!
I just put them in the closet in a paper bag & covered it with a small piece of cardboard-loosely (they'll get air). I marked 8 weeks from today on the calendar to take them out (on May14th) & water with plant food.
I had previously put a plant stick in about a week ago, so I didn't do that before resting them. Hopefully I'll have blooms around Mothers Day or so & remember to only moisten them & (not drown them) again.
Wish me luck. I think these particular ones are supposed to bloom two times a year. I hope so. But whether they bloom or not; do I have to put them away to rest again 6-8 weeks before Nov. 1st for blooms again? Thanks for helping in advance.
i did try the closet and still no blooms! Help would be appreciated.
I inherited a rather larger Christmas cactus, recently. I've kept it outside in an alcove, which is where it was originally kept. Light is indirect and north facing. Since its so large I'd like to keep it outside. So I was wondering if they can survive well in temperatures that dip down to 48 degrees F?
I have two cacti and they are medium sized. They were blooming when I got them and had lots of buds. After the initial blooms faded I expected all the other buds to open, but they never did. They just dried up and fell off. The plant has continued to make more buds, but the same thing happens; they dry up and fall off. My plants get southern exposure and I water every two weeks. What can I do?
By Tara P
First thing, check the moisture content in the soil-too wet or too dry can cause bud drop in Christmas cactus. Usually this plant wants to have the soil dry out before watering again. When you do water it, move it to the sink or bathtub, water it throughly to moisten all of the soil, and let it drain for about an hour before taking back to its regular spot.
Now, about that regular spot-plenty of warm sunlight? Christmas cactus love the sunlight through a window all day.
And for some reason the plant seems to do best if pot-bound. At least mine always do.
Have a look at this link to see if you're providing the right environment for your plant:
Ignore all those contradictory pieces of advice. Christmas / Easter cacti don't care, as long as they have lots of wind during summer and fall. Just like your legs have to move for the calves to help pump the blood, those plants need to flex. Don't worry about storms. They handle them without a problem. Hang them under the eaves or on gallows or trellis in the wind. Bring them in before it freezes and you will have healthy plants with lots of flowers.
I was given this cactus three years ago around Mother's Day; it had beautiful flowers. I have repotted it. It grows very well, but has not had a flower on it. What can I do besides throw it out?
Someone said feed it coffee to make it bloom. What kind of coffee?
By Marsha from Denton, TX
After many years my Christmas cactus has decided to bloom. This is great, but it is only blooming one flower at a time. One blooms and then it dies. Then another blooms, then it dies, and so on. What's the trick to get them to bloom all at the same time?
My Christmas cactus bloomed a little at Christmas, a couple branches is all. Here it is the beginning of March and many of the branches are coming out with buds. Why? I have had a steady stream of blooms since Christmas, but only 4-5 blooms at a time.