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Check on YouTube for several different ways to do this. I have over 30 years experience working with all kinds of glass and have cut up hundreds of bottles.
By Mr. Tim from Tinley Park, IL
I've been cutting glass for over 30 years now and the steel wheel cutters are junk. They get dull after only a few cuts and then you wonder why you can never get the glass to break properly.
If you are going to cut glass, get a good carbide wheel glass cutter with an oil feed. The carbide tip will stay sharp and the oil feed lubricates the score. However, they don't sell them at the local hardware store.
The cheap steel cutters cost $5 to $10. A good carbide glass glass cutter only costs around $25 to $30 and you will save ten times that amount by having less broken glass, not to mention all the frustration that it will save you.
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Check your local library for books on making stained glass pieces at home - the books will have complete guides including the materials you'll need, and will show you how to cut glass (and wine bottles) safely. To put the bottle bottoms together in a stained glass piece, you're also going to need to understand the principals behind supporting the weight of the bottle bottoms, and what materials are used to hold the bottoms together - usually lead came (a channeled tube of lead in long lengths) or 'copper foil', a technique done with a soldering iron and a roll of lead solder.
For starters, after the books, you're going to need a good quality glass cutter, a bottle cutter (a different tool than the glass cutter), a soldering iron and associated materials (lead came, copper foil, lead solder, flux and flux brushes, a stand for the VERY hot soldering iron, and a heat-fire proof mat for use whilst applying the solder).
There's a lot more, so be sure to borrow or buy a good book before investing in any other materials. Stained glass is a somewhat expensive hobby to get started in but if you think you would enjoy making numerous pieces for sale or gifts, it's well worth the work!
Otherwise, support your local artisans and buy from one of them - look in your telephone directory for stained glass artists. If the bottle bottoms are sentimental, many artists will work with those and charge you for the glass work to assemble your vision for you - might be less expensive than putting together the kit to make it yourself.
I wonder if that is plastic in between. I know that you can take small beads and put them into a mold and heat them in the oven and it makes a plastic stained piece. But I'm not sure without touching the piece to see if it is plastic or glass.
No, those are glass "cabochons" -- small round pieces of glass -- not plastic between the bottle bottoms. All of it's connected with metal (probably copper and lead, though you can now get lead-free solder easily, and that's what I use). I hope this is helpful!