One of the most prevalent attributes common to natural gardens is that they work with - not against - nature. The design has the appearance of a garden that happened naturally instead of a planned, sculptured look. Natural gardens also house native flora that thrives with relatively low maintenance, and embraces nature by providing a haven for wildlife.
Not only are such gardens harmonious with our eco-system, but the birds, butterflies, bees, and ladybugs they attract add to the sense of tranquility and pollinate your plants.
Although Japanese and natural gardens differ, they do have a vital element in common. Both have a type of partnership with nature. That is because neither imposes foreign varieties of plant life into the design. And the result is a lovely, welcoming oasis that enhances quiet moments of peaceful reflection.
If you want to create a natural garden, you must be conscious of how things appear in nature. Imitate what it is you want to create. If a garden pond enters into the mix, take notice of how natural ponds appear. A sloping lip of sand or gravel, for instance, which gently slopes into the shallow end of the pond, creates a natural watering hole for wildlife. Tufts of tall plants might surround part of the pond, with smaller plants and flowers that lend color closer to the water's edge.
A gap of space between plants is another common feature of many natural gardens. Sometimes these spaces are filled in with ground cover; other times they are left bare. One benefit of having something between plants is less space for weed growth. Placing a layer of thick-gage plastic a few inches below the surface of the garden area, with holes spaced for plants, can greatly reduce weed growth.
Besides plant variety, plant selection is important. Select only those plants that come from regions with a similar climate. Be careful that plant selection is appropriate to your location. For instance, a display of cactus would not look very natural in a Maine garden.
Annual and perennial flowers grouped together in various layers will help link one aspect of the garden to another, imparting a sense of continuity the way nature does. Planting a variety of patterns using just a few flora species in tufts and drifts, rather than rows, provides a natural look and is in keeping with nature's approach to design.
After planting flora, strategically add natural materials to the garden area: stones, shells, weathered logs, and antique items - wheelbarrows, kettles, etc. These will add charm, texture, color, and interest to the garden.
Partially bury stones for an authentic, more natural look. A horizontal log not only serves as a natural settee, but also provides nesting and hiding places for various forms of nature, not to mention a buffet table for woodpeckers. If you want to attract the greatest variety of wildlife to your garden area, include a wide variety of plant types that provide them with food and shelter.
Less work equals more time for enjoyment when it comes to the low-maintenance needs of a natural garden. A feast for the eyes, a haven for nature! What could be a more welcomed addition to your yard?