I am trying to make as many food items myself, rather than buying processed. If a recipe calls for a can of green chiles, what kind of chile pepper would I substitute and would I just chop them up to use?
Kathy from Missouri
Here are a few sites with info. Chiles are not always in season so you will want to target when they are cheap at your grocery market or produce stand and buy a bunch up. Then roast them before either canning or freezing them.
Roasting & Freezing Fresh Chiles
Roasting Anaheims blackens them, removes the skins, and prepares them for freezing. (Photo: Susan Belsinger)
Green chiles don't dry well but you can preserve them whole by roasting or grilling and then freezing them. (If you freeze them without grilling, the chiles will become mushy.) Large green chiles are best for this method. Most thick-fleshed peppersNew Mexico green chiles, Anaheims, anchos, mulatos, and the sweet bellshave a thin, tough skin that is best removed for pleasant eating. The traditional method is to roast the peppers: They may blacken a little, and the skin will blister and become loose. Once roasted, these chiles will freeze well.
You can roast chiles in three ways, depending on the number you have to prepare. In all cases, cut a small slit at the stem end of the chiles to keep them from bursting. If you only have a few chiles, roast them directly on the open flame of a gas stovetop. Watch them carefully and turn frequently with tongs.
If you want to preserve a larger number of green chilessay, six or moreplace them in a shallow baking pan, and set it about 4 inches below the broiler. Turn frequently to blister the chiles evenly. Watch them carefully so that they don't overcook. The skin does not have to blacken to become loose; if it wrinkles when you push it with the tongs, the chile has been blistered enough.
Here's some general Green Chile tips..
1. To keep green chillis fresh, remove stems and store in plastic bags.
2. If you wish to store chilli powder for a long period, smear a little groundnut oil on the inside of the jar before storing. This will prevent the chilli powder from getting rancid.
3. To prevent green chillies from turning red, keep them in a jar with a little turmeric powder sprinkled over them.
4. In summer, buy green chillis in a large quantity. Blanch for 5 minutes and drain. Dry in the sun till crisp. Powder and keep in airtight containers.
5. This Powder can be used in cutlets, etc. It comes handy when we are short of fresh chillis.
6. During summer, to keep green chillis fresh, wash them in cold water, remove the stalks, place in cold water for 5 minutes, then wrap in a polythene bag.
7. Use green chillis for a better flavour in any dish needing lime juice.
This site has some great info about Green Chiles
Generally speaking, I believe if you wanted to use fresh chiles in something like Enchiladas (YUM!) you would want to roast the chiles first. Otherwise they would be crunchy.
One last thing, I believe Chiles are in season towards the end of summer, so that is when they would be cheapest.
I've never done it, but when we lived in Albuquerque, a friend cut both ends of the chilies, roasted them, then - leaving shell on and still using rubber gloves just in case, would use a rolling pin to press out the insides. It's my understanding that the seeds carry a lot of punch in comparison to the flesh. It's a matter of preference and type of chili that you process. Good for you - they're too expensive purchased canned. Perhaps you could freeze the product in ice cube trays, then transfer cubes to the freezer." This same friend also swore by freezing corn on the cob whole with husks on. Don't remember if she removed the silks; and overabundance of tomatoes whole until you can get around to processing them.""
This same friend also swore by freezing corn on the cob whole with husks on. Don't remember if she removed the silks; and overabundance of tomatoes whole until you can get around to processing them.""
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