Growing Brussels Sprouts

Gold Post Medal for All Time! 858 Posts
April 12, 2006
A collection of Brussels sprouts on a countertop.

Botanical Name:

Brassica oleracea (Gemmifera group)


Brussels sprouts are members of the cabbage family. The edible "sprouts" look like miniature cabbages and grow around one main, thick, green central stalk that can grow several feet in height.

Planting Time:

Sow seeds indoors for fall crops in early spring and transplant them outdoors from May to July.


full sun


well-drained, nutrient-rich soil


Sow plants to a depth of 1/2 inch spaced 2 inches apart in rows 30 to 36 inches apart. For more intensive planting, space transplants so they are 2 feet apart on all sides. Set transplants 2 to 3 inches deeper than they were grown in pots. Plan on growing 5 to 10 plants per person.


Keep soil evenly moist (not wet).


Seedlings should be thinned to 18 to 24 inches apart once they form two true leaves.

Harvesting & Storage:

Brussels sprouts can be harvested a few at a time or by pulling up the entire plant. If harvested in small quantities, sprouts mature from the base of the stem and up and may grow replacements. Keep them in a plastic bag in the refrigerator for up to 3 weeks or trim off the leaves and roots and store whole "logs" in a root cellar at 35º to 45ºF.

Diseases and Pests:

All members of the cabbage family are subject to a variety of diseases that can persist in the soil, including cabbage worms, club root, slugs, blackleg, powdery mildew, etc. Watch for signs of trouble and act quickly to resolve any problems. Damaged and diseased plants should be removed and disposed of quickly. The best defense against trouble is to practice good cultivation techniques like crop rotation.

Tips to Success:

Brussels sprouts take from 80 to 100 days to mature and frost improves their flavor.
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Bronze Post Medal for All Time! 239 Posts
September 7, 2015

When harvesting your brassicas, leave the root in the ground with a few leaves still attached. In a few weeks time you will find you have tiny cabbages sprouting out from the stump which can be used as spring greens in late summer!


Also baby cauliflowers and broccoli sprouts.

cooking tiny cauliflowers

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March 21, 2011

Plant your Brussels sprouts in the Spring according to package directions and you will have some good eating. Plant them somewhere out of your way, maybe along the edge of your garden. They will produce in the late fall, even in the snow.

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July 23, 2016

How do I grow Brussels sprouts in Las Cruces, New Mexico?


Bronze Post Medal for All Time! 107 Posts
February 28, 20170 found this helpful

"Growing Brussels sprouts requires cool weather. The ideal climate is the fog belt of the Pacific Northwest, but they will grow in just about any part of the country. A slow-growing, long-bearing crop, Brussels sprouts should be planted in early spring, or mid- to late summer for a crop that matures in the fall."


so saying, I think you have no choice but to grow then inside under air conditioned conditions.

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Gold Post Medal for All Time! 677 Posts
February 28, 20170 found this helpful

I don't think so. I grow my Brussels Sprouts in cool weather. They bolt in hot weather.

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October 3, 2015

This is a page about growing brassicas. The plants in this genus are members of the mustard family and include, cabbage, broccoli, kale, Brussels sprouts, and cauliflower.

closeup of a cabbage

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