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Eco-Friendly Critter Control


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You may have noticed things getting a bit more crowded in your garden. Animal and human interactions are becoming more commonplace as our habitats increasingly overlap. Here are some tips to minimizing the unwanted interactions (in your garden, anyway) without the use of synthetic pesticides or poisons.

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Friend vs. Foe

Many animals, including snakes, lizards, toads, bats and a variety of birds are extremely beneficial to your garden. Insects can make up as much as 90% of their diets. Encourage these helpful critters to take up residence in and around your garden by providing them with the food, water, and shelter they need.

Innocent Until Proven Guilty

You don't want to waste your time (or your plants) trying to outwit a raccoon if a deer is the real culprit. You need to be certain about what kind of animal you're dealing with in order to effectively control it. Look for signs, tracks, and droppings to confirm your suspicions.

Use Territory to Your Advantage

Most animals have an established range and territory that may make getting rid of them difficult-at first. Once you remove them from the area, however, they will likely stay away permanently.

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Remove Unnecessary Food Sources

Feeding the deer and birds in the backyard might be enjoyable, but understand that doing so only encourages them to expect more-potentially at your garden's expense. During times when high animal populations stress food supplies, even feeders located well away from your garden are unlikely to deter browsers from a free meal.

Erect Barriers Whenever Feasible

Sprays and repellants are designed to soak into plants to make them unappealing to animals. Unfortunately, this also sometimes makes them unappealing to humans. Fences and natural barriers can be cost prohibitive for large gardens but are usually the most effective at keeping out animal pests.

Modify Their Habitat

Keep grass short and gardens away from tree lines. Remove brush and debris from areas near your garden to reduce hiding places for smaller pests. Make them think twice about crossing expansive spaces without protective cover.

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Post a Guard

Many people find that keeping their dogs tied or kenneled near their gardens at night deters most animal pests. Make sure, however, that if you live in an areas with bears, wolves, or coyotes, you keep your dog out of harm's way.

Aromatic Assaults

Scent tends to be the most powerful deterrent. Hanging a strong smelling deodorant soap from orchards or landscaping trees provides protection from nibbling deer. Socks or rags soaked in blood meal, bone meal, hot pepper sauce, or garlic also repel deer. Animals fear the scent of their predators. Scatter human, dog, or cat hair around garden perimeters or hang hair from trees and shrubs in cheesecloth. Replace after each rain. Foul smelling odors like rancid eggs or blood meal work well as deterrents to most animals.

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Fool Them Fakes

Animals fear the likeness of their predators. Predator props, like fake owls and rubber snakes will fool some animals (birds, mice, and rabbits) for a while, especially if you move them periodically.

Startle Them to Death (No, Not Really)

Scare tactics like loud noises (wind chimes, radios, or clanging pie aluminum pie tins); reflective surfaces (mirrors or CDs swinging in trees) or wildly flapping objects (mylar ribbon or balloons) can also be effective.

Be Flexible and Patient

Understand that eventually animals will probably become used to your scare tactics so you'll need to switch strategies. Controls work best when specific animal populations are low and not stressed for food. No one control will work every time on every animal so keep trying!

A bar of Irish Spring soap to deter pests.
 
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About The Author: Ellen Brown is an environmental writer and photographer and the owner of Sustainable Media, an environmental media company that specializes in helping businesses and organizations promote eco-friendly products and services.

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April 2, 20120 found this helpful

Human urine will act as a deterent also. A friend of mine just had her husband go outside around the peremeter of their yard. She says it kept all the "other" animals out! They live out in the country so there are no neighbors to freak out and send for the police.

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July 3, 20210 found this helpful

I have found that draping some SCENTED Easter grass- the kind people fill kiddies baskets with- around your fruits and veggies, will keep even the most predatory of squirrels, mice, and even birds, away from your crops. This is only in my home garden, but we have half a dozen types of fruit trees (and more veggies too!) and this seems to be working. Well, on all the branches I can Reach, anyway!

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Home and Garden Pest Control Small WildlifeJuly 18, 2005
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