It's terribly important to have a medical kit in a convenient place, and I've also found that it's important to have one that's portable, so you can grab it in an emergency.
The really good prepackaged kits are often awfully expensive, and I find they may not have what I want in them anyway. The cheap-ies tend not to have much in them at all, and after years of experimenting, I have a system for building my own medical kits.
First, you need a portable, durable container. My main "vet bag" for animal emergencies is a large, soft sided tool bag with wheels from Harbor Frieght. I think I paid all of $12 for it. That's going to be too big for most folks, so I would recommend checking out discount stores like Walmart, Kmart or Family Dollar in the purse section. Yes, I said purse. There's a whole bunch of large purses or small backpacks made out of canvas or nylon these days that you can catch on sale or even better, clearance!, for a few dollars. You can also, of course, check out tag sales or the thrift store, just go for clean, or reasonably clean and washable. It just makes things easier if you have to respond to an emergency out in the yard, etc., if you can grab everything and carry it conveniently, instead of raiding the medicine cabinet and distributing bandaids across the grass for half a block.
Next, go to the farm and ranch or pet supply store. Yep, I'm crazy, always have been. But listen. Anyone who actually works with their hands knows you can't actually keep a bandage on. Unless of course you get one of the waterproof, will-never-come-off, will-take-off-a-layer-of-skin-when-it-goes kind. I have a better way. We do construction, and I can keep a snug, safe bandage on my husband and I both with Vetrap. It's sold also as Co-Flex, and a few other names, and it started out as a bandage for racehorses. It runs around $1.50 to $2.00 per roll, and it's a darn long roll. It's a flexible, stretchy bandage kind of like the old Ace bandages, but it sticks to itself and is somewhat waterproof. And it WON'T stick to skin or hair, and you can pull or cut it off when you are done with no collateral damage. It comes in a bunch of fun colors and I like to keep a half dozen rolls on hand at all times. It also comes in a 2 inch width (great for fingers) and a 4 inch width (bigger boo boos or to immobilize a break or sprain). I recommend having both widths around.
Next item: blood stopper powder. Now, when a cut is incurred, the blood flow is designed to cleanse foreign material from the cut. However, I think in this day and age of "CSI", everyone knows what it means to "bleed out". Pressure just "upstream" of the wound is great, but if you have enough damage or enough flow to prevent clotting, it can be darn helpful to have a few other ways to get it slowed down. A good dowsing with a bloodstopper powder from the vet supply (or cornstarch in a pinch), followed by a dressing or continued pressure with a clean cloth, may buy you enough time to get to the ER.
Next tip: go to the bathroom cabinet. Ladies, what product lives there that's designed to absorb (blood, naturally) and does such a magnificent job? Heck, they even come wrapped up in discreet little packages to make them portable. Yep. A bandage will only hold so much, and if you have a serious "oil leak", let me tell you, a maxi pad makes a heck of a bandage. Further, in case of a puncture wound, a tampon may plug a hole.
Did I mention this was a lengthy tip?
Ok, back to the farm and ranch store. I have an earscope (intended for pets) in my medical kit. It's amazing how many times I have used this little guy. I have small children, and the what-will-fit-in-my-nose-ear-other-orifice game holds just as much fascination for them as for all other kids from the dawn of time. The scope is lighted and has different tips, it's the right size to prevent it from doing damage to an ear, and is ever so much better than trying to improvise with a flashlight. I believe I paid $13.00 for it, and I've replaced the batteries once in 5 years.
With regards to the farm and ranch supply thing. If you don't have one in your area, or even if you do, I recommend checking out Jeffers supply. They can be found at Jeffersequine.com or Jefferspet.com. They have three different catalogs, and you will need at least the pet and the equine to find what you want. The Vetrap is in the equine catalog, and the earscope is in the pet catalog. You can also call them at 1-800-533-3377 and request actual catalogs. I have been ordering from them for probably 15 years, and they are great. They will not charge you for shipping with a minimum order (unless you order something heavy) and their customer service is awesome. I have stores in my area, but I order wormer, collars and all kinds of other stuff from them several times a year.
Next: sharp scissors. Like a pair of those devious little "nail scissors" that we've probably all accidentally amputated something with in the past. Well, if you have a horrible, ragged wound (and I'm talking a minor one here, if this is going to require surgery, then you need to leave plenty for the surgeon to work with), it can be very helpful to delicately trim ruined edges of skin that will never mend correctly, less scarring.
Forceps. No, this isn't going to turn into something Alan Alda should have had as a prop for MASH, but forceps are like long, strong tweezers, and can be great for pulling out a foreign object like a big ol' splinter where your average tweezers are just out of their depth.
Please note: I am not advocating laypersons committing major medical procedures without experience. BUT, AND THIS IS A BIG BUT, if I am hurt and there is no convenient hospital or ambulance, I personally will thank any old person with some supplies to do what they can. And I have patched up animals that otherwise wouldn't have made it at least long enough to get them to the vet. Just stopping bleeding can make the difference between life and death to someone who has the misfortune to crash in your front yard. On that note, a nice first aid course is a wonderful thing to attend, and any books or laminated information cards regarding emergency medicine should be included in your kit. Of course, the thrifty way to go here is to print them yourself off the internet on card stock and laminate them...: )
A trip to the camping/sporting goods section of a discount will net you a tin foil looking packet called a "space blanket" or emergency blanket. They are inexpensive (less than $5) and indispensible. Someone who is really chilled, or in shock, needs to retain heat in order to survive, and that little shiny blanket is remarkably effective. On the same note, throwing in some candy and/or an energy bar can be pretty helpful in giving someone enough energy to safely get them out of a bad situation and to help.
Ok, we're nearing the end here, thank heavens! A nice broad collection of various bandages is good. I buy quite a lot of mine at the dollar store. I can get away with that because, as previously stated, NO bandage will stay on if you actually DO anything, so I will clean and dress a wound with triple antibiotic cream, apply the appropriate bandage, then cover with a layer of Vetrap. Bingo--nearly indestructible bandage. Further, because the Vetrap is stretchy, you can use it to apply pressure to a bleeding wound. Please use a grain of common sense and don't cut off the circulation by putting it on too tight.
Triple antibiotic cream. I catch it on sale and buy the store brand by the handful. There's all kinds of stuff out there, and I will sometimes make an herbal concoction for a specific problem, but for a cheap fix that works, that does the trick.
Cleanser for wounds. There's of course, the diabolical old Bactine. Fortunately now you can get things that are less painful to use, but it's pretty important to have.
I like to have either some heavy duty butterfly bandages, steristrips, or good, inflexible adhesive tape in there too. You may need to pull the edges of a wound together and secure it, and boy is it ever faster and less hideous to tape it than it is to stitch it!
I also like to have an empty, sterile syringe or two, no needles necessary. You can fill it with clean water or wound wash and use it to flush debris from a wound that would otherwise be terribly difficult to get to. This particularly works well if someone has had a tooth pulled and gets food stuck in the hole.
Clean cloths. They don't have to be fancy, although a cheap pack of white washclothes or kitchen towel works great, and you can use old clean T-shirt scraps, whatever. Just make sure they are clean, you can boil them and dry them if you want, then package them in Ziploc bags to keep them that way. In fact, I organize my other supplies, especially the bandages, in baggies to keep them easy to access and dry.
So, beyond these things that I really find necessary, you can dump in anything that suits your fancy. A flashlight is always good, I like the shakey ones or the ones you crank, because when it's been sitting around unused for a while, you never have to deal with dead batteries and of course matches can be good. Add stuff as you see fit, being aware that it's always good to know how to use it.
There's a wealth of information out there in this day and age, and some of the survival sites will give good ideas for emergencies, too. But the $20 dollar kit that came with your car, etc. will probably not give you actual tools to really do anything in an emergency. When it's your loved one that's injured, that's not the time to wish you'd taken time to put together something better.
Source: Too many sources to mention over the last 30 years, but quite a bit from my dad, and some from my own experience.
By Gina Johnston from Montana
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I liked all your items listed for emergencies. I only have one more to add and that is rubber cement glue for removing slivers. It works great. Just pour on, let dry and peel away from skin with slivers coming off with the glue.
Really, really excellent tips told in a wonderfully quirky way. Loved it!
Where did you purchase the heavy duty butterfly bandages, steristrips, and the inflexible adhesive tape from.
Walgreens or the pharmacy section of most stores will have most of the butterfly bandages, etc. If that is not going to work, try to find a medical supply store. I once found some great finger splints at one for a very nice price. Good Luck!
Great, great article written with practical, common-sense wisdom. I bet nothing ruffles your feathers, Gina! Thanks for all the info--I just placed my order with Jeffers. :)
PS--Jeffers also has a No-Chew Coflex for pets.
Another useful item for the kit is superglue. After cleaning a wound, glue the edges together with super glue. A friend who is an ER Doc tells me that he frequently uses superglue rather than stitches. Of course the hospital is buying medical grade superglue, but I've used the hardware store kind without ill effect.
So, give suggestions. My car did not come with one.
For the more urban type a simple first aid kit can be purchased at www. Walmart.com for less that $20.00, this kit contains sisscors, twezzers, gauze and the ever important gloves. This small kit will be adequate for most emergencies and travels well as it is in a strudy plastic case.
My big tip is educate yourself in first aid!
Contact the National Safety Council for free information and free or reduced cost training.
One caution: using regular super glue can be a problem, only use this tip for cuts that are shallow and will not need an E.R. visit or stitches. I found actual wound glue at Dollar Tree that works and can still be removed with soap and water, not the acetone that super glues must be removed with.
Sourse: my training and certification as a first aid responder with the Red Cross and the National Safety Council
Thanks for all the wonderful information. I will buy the wrap to use for bandages. I had often wondered where I could get that stuff! I also saved your websites and will visit them as well. I already had bought a vinyl, portable bag and made my own emergency kit, but these items you suggested will make a great addition. I had most items you mentioned in mine, which says I have done a fair job of it. I have 3 dogs, a parrot, 3 grands, and 2 great grands, so I know I will get a lot of use from my kit!
PS In my kit, I also have New Skin which comes in real handy for minor cuts and scrapes, and helping stop bleeding, although it burns like mad when applied.
Awesome post! Thanks for the sources! My "troop" first aid kit is a red soft-sided ice chest with plastic liner (from WalMart, I think) that lives in my car. I've used it for family things, Girl scouts, Boy Scouts, and occasional car accident responses.
Great advice! The only thing I would add is a red washcloth or towel. If a child is bleeding, it isn't as traumatic when they can't see the blood on the cloth as when they see red blood on a white cloth.
Great idea, thanks for sharing! I will now start to collect items to beef up my own first aid kit.
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