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Breed Information: Pomeranian

Breed Description: The Pomeranian is the smallest member of the German spitz breeds. Characteristics include a compact body, long, thick coat, a lion-like mane and a striking plumed tail. These little dogs are friendly and active. Their intelligence and docile, yet playful, temperament make them ideal companions.

Group: Toy Group

Purpose of Breed: Companion

Country of Origin: Germany

Average Size: Ranges from 8-12 inches and 4-5 1/2 pounds.

Color(s): Typically red, orange, white or cream, sable, brown, blue or black. Pomeranians could also be parti-colored.

Coat Type: Pomeranians are well-known for their double coat. The undercoat is soft and dense and the outer coat is long, straight and has a harsh texture.

Grooming: The Pomeranian's coat requires daily brushing to prevent it from matting. This breed requires standard care for eyes, ears, pads and nails.

Exercise Needs: This is an active breed suited for all living environments providing they get adequate exercise and plenty of opportunities for play.

Temperament: This is an inquisitive, lively and playful breed. Clever and naturally entertaining, they enjoy attention and being the center of attention. This breed is very intelligent and excels at learning tricks. The Pomeranian is also an excellent watch dog. It has a large, deep bark for its small size.


Common Ailments: Susceptible to patella luxation and early tooth loss.

Life Expectancy: Averages 12-16 years.

Trivia: Pomeranians are the descendants of the sled dogs of Lapland and Iceland.

More Information: American Pomeranian Club, Inc.

About The Author: Ellen Brown is an environmental writer and photographer and the owner of Sustainable Media, an environmental media company that specializes in helping businesses and organizations promote eco-friendly products and services. Contact her on the web at

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By guest (Guest Post)
April 21, 20080 found this helpful

Where do they come from[or where they were first found]?

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June 24, 20140 found this helpful

I have been lucky enough to have loved 4 pomeranians. They are just beautiful loving dogs. I would highly recommend these little dogs to anyone who doesn't have children & wants an indoor dog.
The photo is of Tara & Cara, mother & daughter. Cara died earlier this year & is greatly missed.

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