Take a look down any aisle devoted to hair care products. More than likely, you will find a section displaying hair coloring products. You may see a myriad of different brands, colors, and degrees of permanence. What you won't see, is the word 'dye'. Technically, permanent hair color is a dye, but decades ago, the beauty industry decided the word was... well, crude. Since that time, the word 'color' has served as its replacement. The word 'color' applies to all degrees of permanence including permanent color/tint, semi permanent color, and toner (toners are applied to pre bleached hair). The word is also used in reference to temporary rinses, although to a lesser degree.
Some people have become pretty good at coloring their hair at home. But, if you're one of those people who dumps a bottle of 'dye' on their hair, doesn't like the resulting color, and can't wait to dump another bottle of dye on their hair....well, what can I say? You get what you deserve. Fortunately, most oranges and greens can be corrected, but should only be attempted by a licensed professional.
There is so much to know about coloring hair. I could write a book. Indeed, books have been written on the subject. I have a copy of the Clairol hair coloring handbook published in the early sixties, long before L'Oreal and others were clamoring to get into a market that was held almost exclusively by Roux and Clairol.
There are as many different products as there are ways to color your hair. There are temporary/weekly rinses. These may be commercially produced but include homemade rinses, often vegetable in origin. At one time, strong brewed tea was a popular temporary color for grey or light colored hair. It has been written that at one time there was a shortage of flour in England, due to the fact all the upper class were powdering their dingy wool periwigs with lots and lots of flour.
Semi permanent colors became popular in the sixties. Loving Care was the top seller. Designed to 'cover grey' and to be applied every month to six weeks, these semi permanent colors were often referred to as 'progressive dyes', as was henna . However, there was no commercial reference to all the white haired, little old ladies who were now sporting black, black hair with 'cow dung green' ends.
I'll jump ahead and briefly touch on toners and then get back to the main subject. Toners are delicate blond colors. Before applying a toner, and depending on the color choice, the hair must be pre bleached to either the gold, yellow, or pale yellow stage. Example: if you now have black hair and want to be platinum blond, your hair must go through seven stages of pre- bleach lightening, bringing the hair to a pale yellow, before applying a platinum toner.
And now, the product most reached for by the home grown, would be, beautician (not cosmetologist, as they have earned that title and are licensed by a state board cosmetic art examiner).
Permanent colors were formulated originally to permanently cover grey hair. They had no lifting (lightening) action. They produced a dull, single color. It was discovered that by adding lightening action, grey could be covered while at the same time, the pigmented (not yet turned grey) hair could be lightened a few shades. This produced a more natural look, as it left the hair with several intermediate shades, rather than one flat color.
I think this lifting action is the one factor most misunderstood by the do it yourself colorist. If your hair is dark and you color it a lighter shade, the color product will lighten the hair and deposit the lighter color at the same time. This is good for those who want to go only two or three shades lighter than their natural color because these products are very limited in their lightening action.
If you are a medium brown, you cannot color your hair to a light honey blond with these 'one step' color products. A great deal of the natural pigment (any pigment darker than the honey blond you want to be) must first be removed and then the honey blond applied. As stated, these one step colors are limited in their bleaching action. They would probably lighten the medium brown hair only to the red stage. Applying a light honey blond color to red hair will not result in a honey blond shade. This, I think, is where and why so many people write to ThriftyFun seeking advice about what to do for their orange hair.
I think the second most asked question concerning at home 'dye jobs' is 'How soon can I re dye my hair? Usually, 24 hours is enough lapsed time. There are exceptions. These exceptions are made based on the condition of your scalp. There should be no tenderness or sensitivity to any degree prior to re- coloring the hair. If you are re-dyeing your hair to a darker color, the longer you wait, the better. This is because dark colors can go too dark on very recently colored hair. Also, the more time you give your scalp to 'rest', the less staining you will have to the scalp and hairline.
A good rule of thumb would be 'Do not expect these one step color products to color your hair more than two or three shades lighter than your natural color without resulting in unwanted reds or oranges. So, if you are 'dark' and want to go 'light', the only way you can do this without getting reds or oranges, is to first bleach the hair lighter than these reds and oranges. Then apply the desired blond shade. If you are dark and want to be blond, but are not willing to go through the required pre bleaching, then your best choice would be to settle for a slightly lighter shade with added red, ash, gold, honey, or whatever, highlights OR, leave your hair the color it now is.
Three last, but very important notes: If you re-dye your hair to a darker color, choose a shade two or three shades lighter than the desired color. Previously treated hair will be more porous and will 'grab' more color, resulting in a color much darker than that shown on the bottle or box.
If your ends are quite porous, apply the re-color to those ends for only the last 10 minutes of the processing time.
And maybe most important of all: Do a test strand first! This will show you what the entire hair will look like and may save yourself a few tears.
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Very informative and well written. Thanks.
Might I add, these tips from above work about the same when you choose to dye fabrics......if you are not an expert at solving problems in doing it, find a friend or business who will, and expect to be charged for the work. Nothing worse than the friend who asks for the favor and destroys the friendship when they are not satisfied. You get what you pay for.
I went to the salon 4 days ago and got my hair colored to cover my gray but I hate it. It's too light (reddish on the roots where it was gray and dark on the ends).
Hi, I would greatly appreciate some advice. I used to dye my hair with henna for many years but stopped over 2 years ago, my hair is a sort of mid to dark brown with a few natural red highlights. In the last year in the hairdressers I had an Aveda red toner applied but my hair was too dark to take it well so just had a slight red hue. Hairdresser advised that I would need to go lighter in order for the red toner to show better in my hair. I did this 3 days ago and then washed my hair the following day (with be curly shampoo & conditioner) and a lot of the toner has come out.
Pics hopefully attached this this
Hi! I recently dyed my hair with a John freida box. I am a brunette with medium colored brown hair. It turned out well, not orange, but a lighter brown (sort of a mousy brown). How long do I have to wait to dye it again so it becomes lighter?
Ugh. I'm a natural copper pennyish redhead. Have home colored less than 10 times. Latest is too dark auburn 8 days ago. Can I re color now and which shade should I lean towards to get back closer to my natural color.
I coloured my hair yesterday with loreal hair colour ...firstly she lightened my hair two shades by doing global as they were jet black ...then she did blonde highlights all over ...it's too light and very visible ...I want to re dye it ...what should I do ? I am planning to re dye the crown part ...should I wait for a few days or dye it in two days ?
I know this is a little late, but last month I dyed my hair with Clairol Natural Instincts Medium Auburn Demi permanent hair color. My natural hair color is black, so, of course it didn't do much, especially since demi permanent hair color only deposits color. The color was visible in the sunlight & certain lighting, which I was fine with, but the color wasn't exactly what I wanted.
My natural hair is a dark brown almost black color. I went to Sally's and told the lady who worked there that I wanted my hair a blonde color. She gave me a box of Loreal Excellence highlift in Sandstone blonde color and said that since I had virgin hair, my hair would turn to that color on the sample exactly. I went home and tried it and my hair turned orange. I dyed over the orange with a light ash brown as I read that would turn the orange brown. It turned most of the orange a reddish brown color, but about an inch of my roots are still brassy, a little orangey under the light. What can I do to fix this? I would like to go a little lighter to maybe a dark ash blonde color. if that's not possible right now then I would at least like the brassy tones out of my roots.
I got my hair dyed red in a salon last November but continued to use a recolour treatment on it up until a few months ago. I now have regrowth and the colour of my hair (that used to be dyed) is now a weird orange brown colour. Can I dye it with a at home dye kit (in the box)?
Dye my hair ash blue but now I want to go blue black. How can I achieve that? Can I just use a darker blue dye to achieve it?
Hi! I've been dying my hair at home for a long time and never had any problems until recently when I used Féria instead of the Olia I had been using for a while. I used the same shade, medium brown, but instead of a medium brown shade it literally lightened my hair to a reddish blonde, not exactly what I was expecting! Would you know why that happened? Is there something about Féria that I should have known? Now I can't wait to get my medium brown color back but I am scared to try at home again! (I'll never use Féria again) It's been a month and my white hair is starting to show. Should I go to a salon?
Thanks for any advice!
I dyed my hair for the first time about 4 weeks ago. I used the "London Lilac" color from Vidal Sassoon. The color is starting to fade now and I would like to re-dye it using a different color, the "Midnight muse blue" also from Vidal Sassoon. My hair (although obviously fading) is still very purple. Will the two colors mix and create a weird color? Or is it okay to go ahead and re-dye it?
I dyed my hair black 6 months ago, and tried to dyed with ash blonde last week. It only made my top hair strands blonde while the rest of my hair is still black! What do I do next???
My hair is a medium brown I made the mistake of coloring my hair blonde(from a box) now my hair looks orange please help is there anything I can do to get the orange out?
I dyed my hair a dirty blonde and that was 4 days ago is it safe to dye it a auburn brown the brand name of the hair dye is colorsilk
I bleached and dyed my hair last night. I wanted a light ash blonde but it's more light blonde than ash. I have another bottle of the light ash blonde and the developer I used last night and some ash intensifier I purchased from Sally's. I was wondering if coloring it with the light ash blonde with the ash intensifier added would give me more of the ashy look I wanted or if it would ruin the light blonde my hair is now?
I used garnier LB3 and my hair is definitely lighter but super orange and brassy especially at the roots! I got a silver/purple/toner shampoo so I'm hoping that will help. When I re-dye should I use the same color, or a different blonde color by the same brand?
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