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By definition, topiary is the art of training, cutting, and trimming plants into ornamental designs. The word itself is from the Latin word, topia, meaning "ornamental gardening." Invented by gardeners as early as the 1st century AD, topiary art later became the gardening rage in the Middle Ages.
It was popular throughout the Italian Renaissance, and revived again in 17th century France, where gardeners are said to have taken the art "over the top" with their elaborate, and often whimsical designs. Most design trends have a tendency to repeat themselves. This time it took a few dozen decades, but topiary design is making a comeback.
Sphagnum topiary, on the other hand, grows at a much faster rate-usually within three to four months. For this type of topiary an open "skin" or a frame is used. Sometimes the frame will come in halves that are fitted together after planting. The frames are stuffed (or come pre-stuffed) with sphagnum moss and plants are added to the moss to create a pre-determined shape as they grow. For most gardeners, sphagnum topiaries offer an easy way to experiment with topiary design without having to invest large amounts of time before seeing the results.
Without realizing it, you may already posses a topiary frame. If you decorate your yard during the holidays with deer or spiral Christmas trees, they will double as topiary frames during the growing season. Try covering them with a fast-growing vine, or in the case of deer, you can just stuff the hollow frames with sphagnum moss and add plants. When cool weather strikes, the foliage will die back and your yard decor will already be in place.
For those brave enough, you can cut "windows" and "doors" or other geometric shapes into already existing privet hedges.
I have perhaps had every possible shape and type of topiary imaginable, having lived in Hawaii for three years, then in other homes in Houston and
(I prefer espalied vines and trees on walls and fences to topiaries.lol)
I often thought about teaching these "crafts" but
few folks want to go through all the various stages
and even fewer have the forsight, imagaination, or patience to wait while each plant grows. Oblisks are popular shapes I have never done. Poodle poms are the most common shapes sold in garden centers, and shaping junipers can be very "sticky" business,
with pricks and allergies to tend afterwards. The simpler the easier, but the most valuable are those
whose owners have spent years tending and training, or purchased already "done" and then took the credit! lol.
If I had it to do again, I would NOT do it, but to each her own. It breaks my heart to see one die, which they do too often from lack of water, wrong pot,
poor sun, over-fertilizing, pests, lack of knowledge, poor drainage, no winter protection, or improper instruction, etc. It really makes money for the garden centers, but costs much more than money for the disappointed owners, unless they are lucky enough to have a gardener or do not have to work outside the home environment and can easily replace their loss. Calif. seems to have the most experience, best climate for topiaries, and lots of Oriental gardeners to maintain them. They are very formal for the most part, and as a retired Realtor, I find gardens becoming more casual than formal, except under those special circumstances. It makes much more sense to me to allow the plants to exist in their most natural state, doesn't it you? England and France have boxed, pruned, sheered, braced, and commandeered and documented more evergreens than any other nation on earth that I know, not to mention hired/fired more Gardeners. I don't see the U.S. trying to compete with them in the least. lol. They have many hundreds of years on us in that area. The Orientals work towards root-binding Bonsai for religious reasons, and consider all gardening that is not edible, an artform and part of their culture of focus/worship. These are both dangerous and serious days for America, and I see "victory gardens" returning more and more, in
case of food shortages, among all "classes", or more
homeland war threats that may come to pass. I encourage all gardeners to become practical, to roll up their sleeves, to read, and learn how to tend, grow, toil, and reap their harvests with JOY, MORE than dreaming of the serenity of wide rolling greenbelts of golfing-range type lawns and evergreen specimen plants in elaborate overpriced pots. Even though America still has a lot of wealth, "it rains on the just and the unjust" , the poor and the wealthy, and could happen to us all at any moment, as one can clearly read in the REAL news daily now. Better prepared and safer, that unprepared and sorry. "I trust in God and tie my camel" as I believe He expects us to do ! lol God bless you.
Can anyone tell me what type of plant or shrub is used in the featured spiral topiary's I wuld really like to find something like that...Thanks everyone..
this is my very first post...and just want to say HI!! to everyone...charlie