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Growing Garlic

Category Growing Food
Garlic is prized for its culinary and medicinal uses. This is a guide about growing garlic.
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By 0 found this helpful
April 16, 2006

Botanical Name:

Allium spp.

Common names:

Garlic

Description:

Garlic is a bulb from the Allium family known for its strong, pungent odor and flavor. The bulb is made up of sections of cloves and is commonly used for culinary purposes or its medicinal properties. Garlic is related to, and closely resembles the onion.

Planting Time:

mid to early spring as soon as soil is workable

Life Cycle:

hardy perennial

Exposure:

full sun

Cultivation:

Plant garlic in nutrient-rich, well-drained soil in the spring. Plant sets (bulbs) to a depth of 1 to 2 inches and spaced 6 to 8 inches apart. Keep soil evenly moist (not wet) until the green tops begin to die back, then cease watering while bulbs mature. Mildew or rot may be a sign of over-watering. Plants can be side dressed with compost or an organic fertilizer like liquid kelp in the spring.
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Propagation:

division of bulbs (cloves)

Parts Used:

bulbs (cloves)

Soil:

well-drained soil

Planting:

Plant garlic sets (bulbs) to a depth of 1 to 2 inches and spaced 6 to 8 inches apart. Elephant varieties should be planted slightly deeper and farther apart.

Watering:

Keep soil evenly moist (not wet) until the green tops begin to die back, then cease watering while bulbs mature. Mildew or rot may be a sign of over-watering.

Maintenance:

Plants can be side-dressed with compost or an organic fertilizer like liquid kelp in the spring.

Harvesting & Storage:

Harvest garlic when 2/3 of the plant's leaves turn brown or the tops fall over and die. Garlic planted in the fall should be ready by June or July and spring planted garlic by the end of the summer. Let bulbs cure in a sunny location for 2 to 3 days. Braid tops together and hang or remove them and hang bulbs in a net bag or nylon stocking.
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Diseases and Pests:

Garlic is subject to the same disease and pest problems as onions, although the most common problems are rot or mold due to over watering or poor drainage.

Tips to Success:

Save the biggest, most vigorous bulbs of the season to use for sets next year.

Medicinal Uses:

antiseptic; diuretic; anti-oxidant; aids in circulation

Culinary Uses:

Adds flavor to any savory dishes (especially good in Italian and French cooking); oil and vinegars

Other Uses:

hair care; insect repellant; companion plants to roses and berries
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August 25, 20060 found this helpful

Put whole cloves of garlic around your plants that rabbits and other critters might be munching on. Put several around each plant, just lay on top of the ground. This is helping my friend, greatly. Her plants are are growing immensely, now. She found the best price on garlic to be at a warehouse store, like Sam's Club or Costco, over that of a grocery store.

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By Terri from NV

In our area, the ethnic groceries have cellophane sacks of garlic for sale cheaply. I grow my own easily. Just place a few pods in the soil and you have your own soon and can multiply them by planting some, using some.

By Lynda

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Questions

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October 23, 20110 found this helpful

It is that time of year again here in Nova Scotia. I would like to plant some more garlic this fall for the spring season. Instead of putting them in the garden, could the bulbs be planted in an outdoor planter that is about 7 inches deep and still survive the winter up here?

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By Elayne

Answers

October 23, 20110 found this helpful

Yes, according to all I've read. I'm in year two of growing it. I got my hard neck garlic growing in someone's yard in TN and I live in MD. It's not hard to grow, it's more when to plant. Check out the tips on Mother Earth News below. Just plant, cover with leaves and wait until spring. You don't want them growing now so wait until the first frost.

http://www.moth … wing-Garlic.aspx

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October 26, 20110 found this helpful

I have been growing garlic in Oregon for several years now. I have just planted my cloves and they will come up in the spring. I plant in raised beds and cover with leaves mixed with clean sawdust. They seem to like the environment.

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June 19, 20110 found this helpful

When is the best time to put in garlic bulbs?

By Wendy

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June 23, 20110 found this helpful

In the fall. Google it for more detailed information.

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By 0 found this helpful
April 12, 2010

I planted four large garlic bulbs in pots in my greenhouse. Three bulbs have completely disappeared and there are no signs of mice or pests. Any suggestions?

By Maureen from UK

Answers

April 13, 20100 found this helpful

Maybe the bulbs were no good.

Growing garlic in containers is an excellent way of providing your kitchen with one the freshest, and most flavorsome of herbs, especially if you are a little short of space in the garden. Not only is garlic simple to grow, it has also been used throughout history for its medicinal value too.

The best time to plant garlic in containers is mid-October as the cold weather helps to initialize growth that will result in far larger bulbs and a greater number of cloves. Good luck.

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By 0 found this helpful
April 5, 2010

Is garlic OK to grow in pots in my green house?

Hardiness Zone: 7b

By Cassy2993 from Manchester, England

Answers

April 6, 20100 found this helpful

Growing garlic in containers is an excellent way of providing your kitchen with one the freshest, and most flavorsome of herbs, especially if you are a little short of space in the garden. Not only is garlic simple to grow, it has also been used throughout history for its medicinal value too.

The best time to plant garlic in containers is mid-October as the cold weather helps to initialize growth that will result in far larger bulbs and a greater number of cloves. Good luck.

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