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Growing Garlic

Category Growing Food
Garlic is prized for its culinary and medicinal uses. This is a guide about growing garlic.
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By 0 found this helpful
April 16, 2006

Botanical Name:

Allium spp.

Common names:

Garlic

Description:

Garlic is a bulb from the Allium family known for its strong, pungent odor and flavor. The bulb is made up of sections of cloves and is commonly used for culinary purposes or its medicinal properties. Garlic is related to, and closely resembles the onion.

Planting Time:

mid to early spring as soon as soil is workable

Life Cycle:

hardy perennial

Exposure:

full sun

Cultivation:

Plant garlic in nutrient-rich, well-drained soil in the spring. Plant sets (bulbs) to a depth of 1 to 2 inches and spaced 6 to 8 inches apart. Keep soil evenly moist (not wet) until the green tops begin to die back, then cease watering while bulbs mature. Mildew or rot may be a sign of over-watering. Plants can be side dressed with compost or an organic fertilizer like liquid kelp in the spring.
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Propagation:

division of bulbs (cloves)

Parts Used:

bulbs (cloves)

Soil:

well-drained soil

Planting:

Plant garlic sets (bulbs) to a depth of 1 to 2 inches and spaced 6 to 8 inches apart. Elephant varieties should be planted slightly deeper and farther apart.

Watering:

Keep soil evenly moist (not wet) until the green tops begin to die back, then cease watering while bulbs mature. Mildew or rot may be a sign of over-watering.

Maintenance:

Plants can be side-dressed with compost or an organic fertilizer like liquid kelp in the spring.

Harvesting & Storage:

Harvest garlic when 2/3 of the plant's leaves turn brown or the tops fall over and die. Garlic planted in the fall should be ready by June or July and spring planted garlic by the end of the summer. Let bulbs cure in a sunny location for 2 to 3 days. Braid tops together and hang or remove them and hang bulbs in a net bag or nylon stocking.
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Diseases and Pests:

Garlic is subject to the same disease and pest problems as onions, although the most common problems are rot or mold due to over watering or poor drainage.

Tips to Success:

Save the biggest, most vigorous bulbs of the season to use for sets next year.

Medicinal Uses:

antiseptic; diuretic; anti-oxidant; aids in circulation

Culinary Uses:

Adds flavor to any savory dishes (especially good in Italian and French cooking); oil and vinegars

Other Uses:

hair care; insect repellant; companion plants to roses and berries
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By 0 found this helpful
September 21, 2018

One of our favorite foods does best when it is planted in the fall. It likes a well drained soil. Prepare the soil by tilling and removing all weeds. Break apart the garlic bulb into cloves. Place a clove pointed side up about 2 inches in the ground. Plant about 4-6 inches apart depending on the variety.

It will come up in the spring and be ready to harvest about the end of July.

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August 25, 20060 found this helpful

Garlic As Garden Pest Prevention. Put whole cloves of garlic around your plants that rabbits and other critters might be munching on.

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Questions

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October 23, 20110 found this helpful

It is that time of year again here in Nova Scotia. I would like to plant some more garlic this fall for the spring season. Instead of putting them in the garden, could the bulbs be planted in an outdoor planter that is about 7 inches deep and still survive the winter up here?

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By Elayne

Answers

October 23, 20110 found this helpful

Yes, according to all I've read. I'm in year two of growing it. I got my hard neck garlic growing in someone's yard in TN and I live in MD. It's not hard to grow, it's more when to plant. Check out the tips on Mother Earth News below. Just plant, cover with leaves and wait until spring. You don't want them growing now so wait until the first frost.

http://www.moth  wing-Garlic.aspx

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October 26, 20110 found this helpful

I have been growing garlic in Oregon for several years now. I have just planted my cloves and they will come up in the spring. I plant in raised beds and cover with leaves mixed with clean sawdust. They seem to like the environment.

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By 0 found this helpful
April 12, 2010

I planted four large garlic bulbs in pots in my greenhouse. Three bulbs have completely disappeared and there are no signs of mice or pests. Any suggestions?

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By Maureen Barlow from UK

Answers

April 13, 20100 found this helpful

Maybe the bulbs were no good.

Growing garlic in containers is an excellent way of providing your kitchen with one the freshest, and most flavorsome of herbs, especially if you are a little short of space in the garden. Not only is garlic simple to grow, it has also been used throughout history for its medicinal value too.

The best time to plant garlic in containers is mid-October as the cold weather helps to initialize growth that will result in far larger bulbs and a greater number of cloves. Good luck.

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July 16, 20180 found this helpful

I had the same thing happen. I planted cloves in a container, grew3-4 leaves/stems, but then saw mold. I thought I was overwatering, then the leaves turned yelllow and died. I churned up the soil and found remnants of the skin of the original cloves that were planted but nothing else.

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June 19, 20110 found this helpful

When is the best time to put in garlic bulbs?

By Wendy

Answers

June 23, 20110 found this helpful

In the fall. Google it for more detailed information.

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By 0 found this helpful
April 5, 2010

Is garlic OK to grow in pots in my green house?

Hardiness Zone: 7b

By cassy2993 from Manchester, England

Answers

April 6, 20100 found this helpful

Growing garlic in containers is an excellent way of providing your kitchen with one the freshest, and most flavorsome of herbs, especially if you are a little short of space in the garden. Not only is garlic simple to grow, it has also been used throughout history for its medicinal value too.

The best time to plant garlic in containers is mid-October as the cold weather helps to initialize growth that will result in far larger bulbs and a greater number of cloves. Good luck.

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