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Dahlias can be grown from tubers, rooted cuttings, or seeds. They can be treated as annuals, or the tubers can be dug up in the fall for planting the next season. The easiest way to get started is to grow plants from tubers, which can be found at garden centers, nurseries, mail suppliers, or dahlia society sales. The hardest part is choosing which type of dahlia to plant. Dahlias come in a seemingly endless range of colors and forms. Plant heights can range from Lilliputian (1 foot tall), to tall (more than 4 feet), and flower sizes from miniature (less than 4 inches) to giant (the size of a dinner plate).
Site and Soil: The ideal site for dahlias will receive full sun and have a medium loam soil with good drainage and average fertility. If less than ideal conditions exist, don't worry. Gardeners will find dahlias accommodating to partial sun and most types of soil. (They also make great container plants.)
Planting Tubers: Dormant tubers can be planted in mid-April (warm zones) or early May (northern zones). Tubers can vary greatly in size, so dig a hole deep enough so that the crown (eye) of the tuber rests about 3 inches below the surface after planting. Place the tuber in the hole "eye" side up. Use your fingers to fill in the spaces around the tuber with soil. Finish by covering the hole with soil. Because tubers roots can be subject to rotting, they do not need to be watered in during planting.
Planting Rooted Cuttings: Plant in late May (warm zones) or early June (northern zones). Use a trowel to dig a hole slightly larger than the root ball of the cutting. Remove the cutting from its container, place it in the hole, and back fill the hole with remaining soil. Wait a day or so before watering.
One of the easiest mistakes to make with dahlias is to over feed them. If plants appear to lack vigor, use a slow release organic fertilizer that is low in nitrogen (e.g. 10-20-20). Apply it approximately 1 month after planting and again 4 weeks later. Fertilizers and soils containing high amounts of nitrogen, (including lots of compost), promote weak stems and small flowers.
Young dahlia plants need only occasional watering, as excessive moisture can promote root rot. As soon as buds appear, water plants once a week (unless it rains). Large varieties and dahlias planted under building eaves may need watering more frequently.
Dahlias have strong stems, but tall varieties (3 feet or more) and those with heavy flower heads usually require staking. Stakes should be inserted into the ground before tubers and cuttings are planted. If you are growing dahlias from seed, insert the stakes in the as soon as seedlings reach about 2-3 inches tall. Any type of support will work (wood, bamboo, tomato cages), as long as it is about 1 foot shorter than the expected height of the plant. The side of a building may also provide sufficient support for medium-tall varieties.
Dead-Heading: Removing faded blooms regularly will prolong flowering.
Pinching (topping): To encourage bushy plants with strong stems, pinch off center stems when plants reach 18-20 inches tall (about 3 weeks after planting).
Disbudding: To encourage larger (but fewer) flowers, remove the side flower buds, leaving only the terminal flower bud intact.
Unless you plan to enter your dahlias in a flower show, pests and diseases are usually not much of a problem. The worst pests, slugs, can be controlled with beer traps or by placing barriers made from crushed eggshells or diatomaceous Earth around the plants. Others, like aphids, red spider mites, caterpillars, earwigs, and cucumber beetles, can usually be controlled with organic methods like handpicking (earwigs, cucumber beetles, and caterpillars), spraying insecticidal soaps (spider mites and aphids), or with a strong jet of water from the garden hose.
After the foliage on your dahlias turns brown and dies back (about 2 weeks after a killing frost), cut the dead stems to about 6 inches and use a spade or fork to gently lift out the tubers. Rinse off excess soil and remove any broken or damaged roots. Lay the tubers out to dry on several sheets of newspaper for a day or two. After the tubers are dry, place them in boxes in between layers of peat moss or finely shredded leaves.
Store them in a cool, dark (frost-free) place. Each year your dahlias will continue to produce additional tubers. These can be divided to increase your stock or shared with others. Use a sharp knife to divide the tubers, keeping in mind that each tuber needs to have an "eye" in order to grow a new plant.
|Life Cycle:||perennial bulb (tuber)|
|Height:||dwarf types from 12" to 18"; standard types from 5' to 6'|
|Soil:||rich, well-drained, evenly moist soil|
|Hardiness:||hardy to zones 8-10; tubers can be dug up and stored in cooler zones|
|Bloom Time:||mid summer to frost|
|Flower:||all colors except true blue; showy, daisy-like flowers from 2 inches to 10 inches across|
|Propagation:||tubers and seeds|
|Suggested Use:||beds, borders, edging, cut flowers and containers or|
|Growing Hints:||Start with bare-rooted plants in the spring or sow seed indoors from four to six weeks before your last frost date. Seedlings should be pinched off when they are 4 to 6 inches tall to encourage bushier growth. Move them into the garden when danger of frost has passed. In the fall, leave tubers in the ground in zones 8-10. In cooler zones, to save tubers for the next season, dig 8 to 10 inches down into the soil and lift them out before the first hard rain or freeze. Clean loose soil away from roots, leaving any moist soil attached until it dries and is safe to remove. Store cleaned clumps of tubers in a cool, well-ventilated area. They can be placed on newspaper or in sand with the tubers left exposed. Check them monthly and sprinkle them with water if necessary to prevent them from drying out. If they look shriveled they are either too warm or too dry. Remove any soft spots with a sharp knife and dust with a fungicide to prevent rot.|
This is a guide about dahlia photos. Dahlia blooms come in numerous colors and configurations.
This is a guide about wintering dahlias. At the end of the growing season, it is time to think about overwintering your dahlias.
Ask a QuestionHere are the questions asked by community members. Read on to see the answers provided by the ThriftyFun community or ask a new question.
I got some Dahlia bulbs. Any tips on how to plant them?
By Flower info. from Edmonton, Canada
I bought way too many begonias and dahlias to plant this year. I'm wondering if anyone has a safe method of preserving them for the next season?
By Wendy from Huntsville, AL
ThriftyFun is one of the longest running frugal living communities on the Internet. These are archives of older discussions.
I have always loved dahlias. I watched a program on tv, not too long ago about them, and really got sparked up again about wanting to learn more! I live in S.E. Massachusetts, am disabled but very ambulatory most of the time! So I can come to you and learn! I also would like to know where to buy them or trade for services or what I can do for some of varied colors? Please help me! You won't believe how much I will appreciate your help, advise and teachings, etc.
Thanking you in advance,
I suggest you visit gardenweb.com. They have forums for your geographic area, as well as for dahlias in particular:
Dear Bill, I've recently got jazzed on dahlias, too! This spring I ordered a seed packet. I started four of them in tiny pots just the way you would do for tomatoes. By the time the weather had warmed up they were in their second, larger, pots and were about 5" tall. They bloomed like crazy! The frost has now blackened them, and a friend told me how to store the rhizomes for next year. In an appropriately sized box, put a ten-page layer of newspapers in the bottom. Top that with an inch of either peat moss or vermiculite. Put the freshly dug rhizomes on that, and then top off with enough peat moss or vermiculite to cover them by about another inch. Add ten pages of newspaper and tuck them down around the edges. If you have used vermiculite, you need just a tiny sprinkle of water on it. She swears this works beautifully, and you ought to see her dahlias! Some are at least six feet tall, depending on the variety. So I'm putting my dahlias away tomorrow by her instructions. Good luck! P.S. I'm disabled but ambulatory, too. If I can do this you probably can, too.