Substitutions in the Kitchen

Harlean Greathouse

Have you ever started mixing ingredients for a recipe, get halfway through the list, and Uh-Oh, discover that you are out of an ingredient? Well, sometimes it is something that can safely be omitted.


It may alter the recipe slightly, but not ruin it. For example, that teaspoon of vanilla will probably never be missed. Or perhaps you can substitute a little lemon, almond, or other flavoring in its place. Other ingredients make a big difference, and you cannot continue without a trip to the store. Or a suitable substitute.

Here is a list of many suitable substitutions that I have gleaned from various sources over the years.

If it calls for:Use instead:
1 tsp. baking powder 1/2 tsp cream of tartar plus 1/3 tsp baking soda
1 tsp allspice1/2 tsp cinnamon plus 1/8 tsp ground cloves
1 Tbsp Prepared Mustard1 tsp dry mustard
3/4 cup cracker crumbs1 cup dry breadcrumbs
1 square baking chocolate3 Tbsp unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1 Tbsp. oil
1 cup brown sugar1/2 cup granulated sugar, 1/2 cup molasses, 1/4 tsp soda
1 cup light corn syrup1 cup granulated sugar plus 1/4 cup water
1 cup honey1 1/4 cup sugar plus 1/4 cup water
1 cup powdered sugar1 cup sugar plus 1 Tbsp cornstarch. Process in blender.
1 cup sugar1 cup packed brown sugar or 2 cups powdered sugar
1 cup light cream1 Tbsp melted butter plus enough milk to make 1 cup
1 egg2 egg whites plus 1 tsp vegetable oil
1 cup sour milk or buttermilk1Tbsp lemon juice or vinegar, then fill the cup with milk
1 cup Yogurt1 cup sour cream or 1 cup buttermilk or 1 cup cottage cheese, blended till smooth
1 cup Nuts (in baked products) 1 cup rolled oats, oven toasted
1 cup Catsup (for cooking)1 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup sugar and 2 Tbsp vinegar
1 Tbsp raw Ginger1/8 tsp ground powdered Ginger
lemon juice of 1 lemon2-3 Tbsp lemon juice (Realemon)
1 tsp lemon juice1/2 tsp vinegar
1 cup miniature marshmallows10 large marshmallows, snipped with wet scissors
Herbs 1 Tbsp fresh1 tsp dried Herbs
1 cup self rising flour1 cup all purpose flour plus 1 1/4 tsp baking powder & 1/4 tsp salt
2 cups chopped fresh16 oz canned tomatoes, drained
1 cup tomato juice1/2 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup water
2 cups tomato sauce3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water
1 can tomato soup1 cup tomato sauce plus 1/4 cup water

You may substitute up to half the shortening or margarine in a recipe with applesauce in baked desserts.

Self Rising Flour

I make this up regularly and keep it on hand .

  • 8 cups all purpose flour
  • 5 Tbsp. baking powder
  • 2 Tbsp sugar
  • 1 Tbsp salt

Combine all ingredients and sift together 3 times.

Store in a Ziplock bag or a large coffee can with plastic lid.

Print this out and keep it never know when you are going to need it.

About The Author: Harlean Greathouse is a mother of three who has been married for 45 years. Long time readers of ThriftyFun will probably recognize her as Harlean from Arkansas, the name she has posted under as a valuable member of the ThriftyFun community. She specializes in wood crafts and enjoys designing crafts using recyclable materials, knitting, crochet and has been an arts and crafts vendor for over 35 years. Harlean has a CD available with 11 unique crafts designs for only $5.00 (including shipping). For more information visit:


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April 22, 20050 found this helpful

Thank you for this list! You can also substitute 1 egg with a heaping tablespoon of mayonnaise. I made snack n cake tonight with that substitute because we rarely buy eggs.

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Silver Post Medal for All Time! 263 Posts
April 23, 20050 found this helpful

Thanks!! I never knew how to make self rising flour.

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By ardis barnes (Guest Post)
June 16, 20050 found this helpful

I keep soy flour in the freezer because I use it so seldom. you can use two tablespoons of soy flour in place of an egg.
Soy flour can also be added (sparingly) to the flour for a cookie recipe.


It's added protein. ARDIS

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