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Growing Peas

Botanical Name:

Pisum sativum

Description:

Peas are small, plump edible round green beans which grow in pods from vines. As members of the Legume family, peas are easy to grow, high in nutritional value and a popular garden vegetable in many countries around the world.
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Planting Time:

Plant peas in late winter or early spring as soon as soil can be worked. Peas grow best at 60º to 65ºF and development slows at higher temperatures. Fall crops should be sown six weeks prior to the last frost.

Exposure:

full sun with protection from the wind.

Soil:

loose, well-drained, nutrient-rich soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.5.

Planting:

Sow seeds 1 to 2 inches deep and 1 to 2 inches apart. Allow for 18 inches between rows. If planted in 16 inch-wide double rows, peas will support each other as they grow and form a dense cover to inhibit weeds.

Watering:

Keep soil moist (not wet), especially at root level.

Maintenance:

Peas can be trained to climb on fences or trellises to keep pods off the ground and vines from taking over the garden. Peas need very little fertilizing and actually leave behind nitrogen in the soil as they grow. This makes them excellent companions for tomatoes (and other plants), keeping them warm in early spring (by surrounding tomato cages) and boosting the soil with nitrogen.

Harvesting & Storage:

Harvest garden variety peas just as peas plump up and begin to touch in the pod. Snap peas should be bulging within the pods, and snow peas are best when 3 to 4 inches in length but still flat. Cut pods from vines with scissors instead of pulling.

Diseases and Pests:

Practice crop rotation to inhibit common pea problems and distribute plant-boosting nitrogen evenly throughout your garden.

Tips to Success:

Inoculants contain a bacteria found naturally in soils that helps roots convert nitrogen into forms that plants can use. Speed up this natural process by inoculating peas prior to planting for higher yields. Inoculants are available at garden centers and mail order seed companies.
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6 More Solutions

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April 14, 2009

We have a large family and so always put in a large garden and can lots of food for winter months. We have potatoes, onions and peas and kale in so far. Hoping it stays mild and we can soon plant more.

Growing Peas for Winter

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Peas and sweet pea seeds have a hard coating on them and may not grow properly. Soak your seeds the night before planting in lukewarm water. That way you will not lose any seedlings.

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Questions

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I live in Indiana and would like to know when to plant green peas. (June peas/early peas)

By joyce from Laconia, IN

Answers

March 4, 20110 found this helpful

I'm in Upstate NY, which is zone 5 and I plant my peas about 4 weeks before my last frost which is about the end of April, beginning of May. Peas love cool weather. After I plant a row or two, I wait two weeks and sow another row or two just in case we get a killing frost and I lose a few plants, plus it extends the harvest. Check the seed packet for information on the specific variety that you are growing, but in general, that is what works for me.

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March 5, 20110 found this helpful

Traditionally, peas are planted on St Patrick's day. They don't rot in the ground if it is too wet or too cold and will come up when the time is right.hope this helps,we are in Ohio and have always done so. Good luck, grammy.

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March 1, 2012

Can I plant peas in my raspberry and blackberry rows and let them climb? Can I plant beans along the edge of my berry rows to help improve the soil?

By Joyce

Answers

March 3, 20120 found this helpful

Your raspberries probably look pretty bare right now. As the leaves come out and new canes sprout from the ground, I think that the peas would be crowded out and not produce very well.

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May 31, 2020

Growing sugar snap peas is easy. They can be planted earlier than many other garden veggies. The young, flat pods are delicious straight off of the vine. They freeze better than snow peas, thus providing you with a future supply for cooking later in the year. Heirloom varieties and be planted next season from peas dried on the vine with assurance of the same delicious flavor.

Sugar snap peas in bloom in the garden.

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October 28, 2013

This page is about growing snow peas. These delicious pea pods grow in 60 - 70 days of warm weather, and with planned support are easy to grow in the garden.

Snow Peas

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