Shih Tzu Breed Information and Photos

Category Shih Tzu
These lively, small dogs make great companions. This page contains shih tzu breed information and photos.


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Breed Description: Shih Tzus have compact, sturdy bodies with long flowing double coats and long facial hair. Considered a sacred animal in its native China, the nimble Shih Tzu was once described as having a lively gait 'like a goldfish.' Bright and expressive, this breed excels at what it was bred for-companionship.

Group: Toy Group

Purpose of Breed: Chinese court dog

Country of Origin: China

Average Size: Shih Tzus range from eight to eleven inches. Shih Tzus range from nine to sixteen pounds.

Color(s): All colors; a white blaze on the forehead and tail is highly prized.

Coat Type: Long, dense, and straight. Daily grooming is essential to keep the Shih Tzu's coat soft.


Grooming: Daily grooming is essential to care for this breed's coat, and the Shih Tzu needs bathing weekly. Wet hair should be carefully blown dry to avoid colds and hair over eyes can be pinned or clipped to aid in vision. Standard care is required for ears, pads, and nails. Eyes should be examined for problems often.

Exercise Needs: Shih Tzus are lively little dogs that easily adapt to apartment or condo life. Vigorous indoor activities may provide an adequate amount of exercise as well as short walks outdoors.

Temperament: The Shih Tzu is a gentle, but energetic, breed of dog that excels at being a loving companion. They are highly intelligent and love to learn new things. This breed is a good choice for the elderly or for families with older children that are not prone to roughhousing. Tzus enjoy traveling and will absorb and reflect the energy of whatever type of household they are a part of.


Common Ailments: Susceptible to kidney disorders, liver disease, eye problems, and umbilical hernias; teeth need regular veterinary attention

Life Expectancy: Can average from 10-18 years. Trivia: The Shih Tzu is often called "the chrysanthemum-faced dog" because of the way the hair grows around their face.

More Information: American Shih Tzu Club, Inc.

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Ask a QuestionHere are the questions asked by community members. Read on to see the answers provided by the ThriftyFun community or ask a new question.

March 2, 2015

I have two pure Shih Tzus, one is seven kgs and the other five kgs. Both are young and both are girls. The smaller one makes a weird noise when you pick her up. It seems to come from her throat, it's almost like grimacing deep in her throat. Neither snore. I have taken her to vet and she said she is fine. I'm not convinced. I'm worried sick. I can't lose her. They both mean the world to me.


By billiecharli


March 4, 20150 found this helpful
Best Answer

I have had dogs who did this. I always thought it was just the way their throats were made. When you pick them up air moves through their throats. It seemed to be involuntary. They both lived to be over 15 years. I don't think it really means anything.

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February 25, 2014

I have a Shih Tzu and he is 4 months old. I want to grow his fur out, but the fur on his face is too short to tie and it's like sticking out in front of his eyes. Is there a way that I could put anything in it to at least hold it down? Kinda like how people would use a hairspray or gel to hold their hair to a certain style.


By Angel L.


December 12, 20140 found this helpful

Do not use hairspray or gel! Use little clips and scrunchies. Ask your dog groomer or local pet store.

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November 6, 2009

Do shih tzus have to be groomed, and if so, how often? Also, do they grow up to be very big? Anyone know average weight and size, or height? Also, how cute are they as adults?

By Joy from Seattle, WA


November 6, 20090 found this helpful

I am a BIG fan of Shih-Tzu's and have had a few in my life time. My current Shih-Tzu is a beautiful 12 lb boy named Kooper. They do need to be groomed approx every 6-8 weeks. AND you need to comb them out at least every other day or their hair will mat up.


They are noted for being cuddly lap dogs but also playful at the drop of a hat. Very smart too. Another site is the American Kennel Club. They determine what is considered "standard" in the breed -- Good luck!

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November 10, 20090 found this helpful

Ahhh, RowdyGirl, that's a great pic!

Joy, I had a wonderful Shih Tzu named Kiki, who lived to be 15. She was oversize despite purebred: about 25 lbs. Kik retained her playfulness & cute stubborn streak until her 1st stroke, about 1 yr before she died.

Tired of grooming bills, I'd bought Osterizer electric clippers I did the job myself. Not hard, though w/ my severe allergies the hair she didn't shed, when cut, ended up plastered to my face.

As with many purebred dogs, Kiki had some health problems, notably bladder infections throughout her earlier years, & Cushing's Disease later on. Healthy, though, in spite of this. I love Shih Tzus! The very best of luck with your puppy choices. NIca

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November 10, 20090 found this helpful

Got my Shih-Tzu, Sarsi, when she was about a year old and a rescue, as a companion for my Belgian shepherd mix, Raven (52#). Adult Shih-tzus range from 9-16# and always seem to be a puppy.

They are typically very smart and trainable, if you can stop laughing at their antics. She's learned a lot from Raven, including how to heel; they walk together very well. They also rough and tumble and chase each other, with Sarsi often zooming underneath Raven. Clearly, Raven will never get used to that!

The Shih Tzu needs all of the people in the house to be pack leaders, with the rules of the house consistent and clear. If you allow your Shih-tzu to take over, they often become snappish, bitey, yappy and demanding.

Yes, they have to be groomed every 4-6 weeks. They don't shed but need brushed regularly. The grooming schedule may depend somewhat on the growth pattern of hair on the head and face. Some patterns put hair in the dog's eyes and they must be trimmed more often.

I never had much time for small dogs until my friend got a Shih-tzu. Now I wonder how I got along without her! She's also good with my cats, and often sleeps with Blackhawk--just her size at 13#. Many of Sarsi's movements are catlike as well.

My friend Marge has a Shih-tzu named Muggsy. Because of her back problems, she uses orange tent stakes, dropping them at the site where Muggsy does his business so her husband can find and clean up later. Muggsy quickly learned that the easiest way to announce he wanted out was to come to her with a tent stake in his mouth! My friend Gloria's little Abby learned to ring a small bell hung a few inches from the floor next to the door. My Sarsi goes to the door and sneezes to go out. No, I don't know why! Raven sneees on command. <g>

You will love this breed! These dogs are a constant source of entertainment, companionship, and love. -shoe

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December 5, 20090 found this helpful

I have 2 purebreds, one is solid black, the other is gold & white. They are beautiful dogs with very sweet natures. Jessie, the black one (very rare for solid black) is two (19 lbs)and is kept in a puppy cut He was given to me when he was 7 mo. He knows where I am at all times...he's right there with me! Lil' Ms. Abagail (14 lbs)will be 1 in January.

I bought her from a pet store and she turned out to have Demadex (nickname red mange). Puppies get this diesease from their momma's. She had to have treatments to cure her skin and all her beautiful hair was shaven off. This cost a lot of money and several sleepless nights. She's fine now but I can never let her have puppies and she can get sick easier than Jessie.
They love everybody, they just love me more than anyone else! They hate for someone to walk past them without speaking!

They both are groomed daily. Jessie's is simple but because I'm letting Abbie's hair grow long she can take up a good bit of time every morning. Jessie does not shed but because of the Demadex Abbie's hair comes out a little easier.
They like a lot of company and will let you know when they think you're ignoring them. Abbie is truly a lap dog, Jessie not so much. Both love kids...very much so!

They are both my babies and I love them dearly. If you choose to buy instead of adopting just be very careful and do your homework. Speak with some good dog groomers in your area. I dealt with the BBB and the kennel club AFTER I bought Abbie. Should have started there! Check out the kennel club's websites concerning the breed...very interesting!

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Share on ThriftyFunCheck out these photos. Click at right to share your own photo in this page.

August 18, 2019

Your Pet's Age

Your Pet's Breed
Shih Tzu

How and when did you get your pet?
Santa brought her for Christmas when she was 8 weeks old and was so tiny she could fit in one hand!

What does your pet like to do for fun?
She loves laying in the rocking chair and sleeping. But her favorite thing is to follow grandkids around the dining table for clean up.

Do you have anything else to share about your pet?
She has been the sweetest dog ever! She is very smart. She has the entire family trained!

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Your Pet's Age
The puppies are 16 days old.

Your Pet's Breed
Shih Tzu

How and when did you get your pet?
Katie our 3 year old Shih Tzu and Tyson (in the photo), the dad, is 2. We bred them. Katie weighs about 5 pounds and Tyson is about 8 pounds. They gave us an early Christmas present of 5 healthy pups.

What does your pet like to do for fun?
Right now they only eat and sleep.

Do you have anything else to share about your pet?
Their eyes are finally open. They are not long in letting Mom know when they are hungry. She is an excellent mom for her first litter. She keeps them fed and as you can see keeps the pups very clean.

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We just got this puppy about 2 weeks ago. Tyson likes to play with our other two Shih Tzus. He plays ball and chews anything he can get.

Tyson (Shih Tzu)

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June 2, 2016

This is a page about house training a Shih Tzu. Some dog breeds seem more difficult to house train.

Shih Tzu laying on belly with chin on the ground looking at the camera.

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September 14, 2017

This toy breed is thought to have originated in Tibet. They were bred to serve as companions to Chinese royalty. These loyal and affectionate dogs are a popular pet breed. This page contains Shih Tzu photos.

Photo of a well groomed shih tzu dog.

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July 29, 2018

This is a page about best weight for a Shih Tzu. Each breed has its own ideal weight from puppyhood until it reaches its adult weight. The Shih Tzu's adult weight should be within the range of nine to 16 pounds (four to seven kilograms). Keeping your pet at its ideal weight helps to ensure good health.

Shih Tzu puppy on a kitchen scale.

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ThriftyFun is one of the longest running frugal living communities on the Internet. These are archives of older discussions.

January 22, 2009

We just recently got two female 6 week old Shih Tzu/Rat Terrier puppies. I would like to know something about Shih Tzu dogs? I saw the mother dog and she was beautiful and so docile. I was impressed. Thanks.

Caralee from Rogersville, AL


Information About Shitzu Dogs

I had a Shih Tzu for a few years till I moved into an apartment and couldn't keep her. I found her a wonderful family. They are very docile dogs, they get along well with other dogs and cats. Kids not so much, well mine didn't, she never snapped but she would hide. They are prone to seizures, so make sure you keep an eye on your dog. Ours also had allergies, so if you get that problem, a benadryl once a day helped out alot. Good luck, you have a wonderful doggie. (08/30/2006)

By christi

Information About Shitzu Dogs

I want to let you know I have a Shih Tzu mix myself. She's Shih Tzu and Poodle mix. Shih Tzus are well tamed dogs that require lots of attention but, they don't like to be by themselves. One fact you should know is that when feeling lonely they like to chew. Beware of leaving metal around. They love metal. They need to be bathed at least once or twice a week. They love to eat but don't overfeed. They need to be fed only twice a day, in small amounts. Shih Tzus are quiet by nature so don't expect loud dogs, unless she has poodle in her. (03/01/2007)

By red

Information About Shitzu Dogs

I have an 8 year old pure Shih Tzu boy, I have had him from 10 weeks old and he has never been ill other than the odd upset tummy . He is an incredibly bold little dog and will try to play with any dog no matter the size. He never fights, even if a dog turns on him he will not retaliate. He is however, not the most obedient of dogs and I spend most days chasing him around the park to get him back on the lead. He is not greedy, he eats small amounts twice a day. He particularly likes doggy donuts as a treat. I have another dog a Bouvier Des Flanders they get on very well, though they are both boys. As the Shih Tzu breed make such close loving companions they definately do not like to be ignored or left alone and can become quite depressed. They are in so many ways the ideal pet and friend. (03/29/2007.)

By Phoebe

Information About Shitzu Dogs

I just bought my Shih Tzu, Fluffy a few weeks ago. And, already he is showing me how smart and calm he is. He is very cute, and he is currently enrolled in puppy training classes. He is very easy to teach, in just one week I thought him to sit, stay, and come. I used to have a Pomeranian puppy named Copper that I loved with all my heart but he passed away of kidney failure a year ago, this is also a wonderful breed to have. (05/21/2007)

By Cynthia

Information About Shitzu Dogs

We have a Shih Tzu/Poodle cross and she has a lovely personality. She was bought to keep our Labradoodle company. She has fit right into the house and the two dogs are now best friends. She has a gentle nature and so far we have had no problems with either dog around our 10 month old baby. (07/28/2007)

By Harvey

Information About Shitzu Dogs

I have a 1 year, 5 month old pure bred Shih Tzu. She is the best dog I've ever had. Shih Tzus are very calm and docile. They can be territorial with their people and toys and have been known to bite. They require alot of grooming and attention. The are also stubborn at times. Make training exciting for your puppy and it will do better. They look at it as a game instead of training. Hope you have a great time with your Shih Tzu mix. (08/14/2007)

By Misty

Information About Shihtzu Dogs

I have a 2 1/2 year old Shih Tzu named Teddy. Teddy Bear Parks is his full name. He is the best thing that has ever happened to our family. I tell people all the time "The world would be a better place if everyone in it had a Shih Tzu!" They are so loving and loyal. Teddy gives huge bear hugs, it just melts your heart. He has a wonderful personality and can be very spunky. He does have some allergies that we try and keep under control by the type of food and treats he eats. Sometimes they get bad and we do give him a benadryl to help him sleep. He also has "small dog" syndrome, where he believes he is just as big as any dog out there and he is not afraid of anything. I could talk all day long about my wonderful dog Ted but I won't. But, for anyone looking to adopt or purchase one, I stronghly recommend. (10/12/2007)

By mrs.parks

Information About Shihtzu Dogs

Our Shih Tzu came by way of a friend who could no longer care for her. She was used to coming over and playing with our cats and always made herself at home. When we were offered the chance to take her in fulltime, it was a no brainer. She is now 2 yrs old, loves to romp and play with the cats, is loving, and a hoot to play with. She loves to go for rides in the car and everyone is her friend. We have her groomed every 4 weeks in a "puppy cut" and bathe her at home each week. I recommend a Shih Tzu to anyone. She is not a barker, so if you want a watch dog, this breed is not for you. The only draw back we have with her is the fact that she is a picky eater, but that's not a big deal to us. She's spoiled and we love her to death. (03/07/2008)

By Sweetie


I have a 2 year old female named Bebe. She was 4 months old when I got her. My boyfriend got her for me as an early Christmas gift. I must say, she's the best gift I've been given. She's well behaved, loves to be affectionate, and is not a big barker, unless she has to go potty or wants undivided attention. She's so smart and was very easy to house train. I have no problem with accidents in the house.

She brings a lot of happiness in my home. If you're thinking of getting one, you will not be disappointed. Very loveable and loves kids. Bebe is also a flirt at times. (06/06/2008)

By Gwen

Shitzu's and children

We have 3 Shih Tzus, a 5 year old we adopted, an 11 month old, and a 4 month old puppy. Our kids are 13 and 11. The dogs love the kids, they do everything the kids do, including going down the slide at the park. The kids adore them, and they adore the kids. They love spending time with the kids and have been excellent from day one. Definitely a pet good for the whole family. (11/01/2008)

By Laura

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