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Caring for Zebra Finches

Category Birds
Caring for Zebra Finches
These beautiful little birds can be an excellent pet option for a small home or apartment, but they do require special care. This is a guide about caring for a zebra finch.


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By 6 found this helpful
August 25, 2011

In my opinion, zebra finches are the most enjoyable birds there are! Now that I no longer have a cat, I hope to get some more! They are very easy to take care of. Best of all, the sounds they make are so soothing to listen to.

The only thing is, like rabbits, if you're not careful you will be over-run with birds before you know it! I started out with a pair, and within just a few months I had 7. Their first clutch hatched 5 healthy babies. I learned to separate the males from the females, and never had that problem again.

As far as caring for them, they do need a large cage. I believe that all birds need a large cage. The larger the better. However, when shopping for one, you need to make sure the wires are close enough together that the birds can't squeeze out between them. A parakeet cage usually works well, as long as the wires are no more than 3/8 inch apart.

The cage needs to be large enough to allow the birds to fly. There should also be a wire grate at the bottom with a tray underneath to put the paper in. This paper should be changed at least weekly or more often as needed. I do not believe in clipping a bird's wings, any bird. If you aren't going to allow them to fly, why have a bird? That's what they were created to do.

Once or twice a week, I would release my birds into a bedroom, and allow them to really fly and stretch their wings. All the windows and any mirrors would be covered to prevent them from trying to fly through them and hurting themselves. I would put their cages in this room with the cage doors open, with food and treats inside. Eventually the birds would all go back into the cages on their own. This usually took several hours, but the birds really enjoyed their time out.

They need to have fresh clean water at all times. It should be in a bottle with a small cup at the bottom. It needs to be small enough so the birds can't sit it in, because they will try to take a bath in it. I bought a bird bath that attached to the front of the cage and let them take baths twice a day.

As for diet, specialized pelleted foods are the best, and should consist of 60-70% of their diet. Fortified seeds can be used but only in moderation as they are higher in fat. Daily, you should give them fresh dark greens, slices of raw apples and oranges, grated carrots and sweet potato. Remove any of these that have not been eaten after 24 hours. DO NOT FEED them avocados, fruit seeds, chocolate, alcohol, or caffeine, as they can create major medical problems for the birds. My birds' favorite treat was spray millet. They loved them! They also need a dish of grit to help with digestion. Also, do not place food or water dishes under the perches, as their droppings will land in them.


Perches of various dimensions should be provided. I went outside to my trees, and cut different size branches off, and used those for perches. Using these natural branches also helped to keep their nails trimmed, too. The variety of branch sizes helps to exercise their feet.

Once a month, the entire cage should be thoroughly washed and dried. A good time to do this is while they are flying around the bedroom.

Do not place the cage directly in front of a window that gets a lot of hot sun, or anywhere that might have a draft. This includes from a fan. Birds are highly susceptible to cold and heat. The cage should not be placed on the floor, but in an area that is well lit. I have kept my cages across the room from north facing windows, so they got lots of light, but not too much. An east or north facing window would be fine, as long as the amount of sun is monitored. If it gets to be too much, pull a curtain closed. Or if it's just a bit too much, a sheer curtain would be enough.

Use a cage cover in winter, it will help to keep the warmth inside the cage. I never used it during the warm months though.

When I first got my birds I bought a book about the care of finches. But there is tons of information online that you can get for free, and print it out and create your own book.

Source: My own 7 zebra finches.

By Cricket from Parkton, NC


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March 29, 20121 found this helpful

This is a guide about breeding Zebra finches. Zebra finches make excellent parents, you just need to follow a few steps to make breeding a rewarding experience for all.

Pair of Zebra Finches on Perch

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December 14, 20160 found this helpful

This is a guide about introducing a new zebra finch into the cage. New birds like other pets need to be introduced to resident birds to ease stress and hopefully establish a lasting companionship.

Three zebra finches sitting on a branch in a cage.

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Ask a QuestionHere are the questions asked by community members. Read on to see the answers provided by the ThriftyFun community or ask a new question.

By 1 found this helpful
August 17, 2015

I am new to finch ownership. I bought a large cage which has a deep base with pull out trays and two feeders in the bars and one water feeder in the bars (the ones with a clear cap). I have one female Zebra finch and one male and one female Bengalese finch.

The pet shop told me they love to bathe, but I have tried a clip on large bird bath (with clear lid), small terracotta, small stainless steel, and plastic round trays all on the floor to no effect. I even tried putting it onto an upturned small plant pot to raise the height to no avail. All have been filled (2 cm) with warm fresh tap water.

They don't mind being sprayed with warm water from a spray bottle, but as the pet shop said they loved to bathe I was wondering where I am going wrong. Other than that they have settled in really well, and are happy and healthy.


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August 17, 20150 found this helpful

I don't know. Generally they do love to bathe.

All I can think of is that they prefer a shallow, not deep, bath. Try a shallow dish or plate with no more than 1" of water.

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August 17, 20150 found this helpful

Now I see you said 2cm which is about right. As long as they are happy, I wouldn't worry.

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January 13, 20160 found this helpful

do not worry they will get used to it you bathe them on the first time and then they will do it on there own

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October 17, 20141 found this helpful

My finch was left for seven days while we were on vacation. We provided enough food and water for her. Now she just sits in her food and poops and doesn't like to sit at the top of her cage anymore. What's wrong with her?

By Marilyn K.

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May 5, 20150 found this helpful

Don't worry about the poop on the food. Birds kinda poop where they want so it's okay. But the "Doesn't want to sit on top of the cage" part - think she/he might be sick or something. This is my theory.

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May 5, 20150 found this helpful

Sounds like she may be sick.

You don't mean you left her alone for seven days, I hope? It's best to put her in a small cage and let someone take care of her, even if they just give her fresh water every day, fresh food about every other day, and change the paper at least once.

You also need the temperature to be relatively high for finches, as they are natives of places like New Zealand. Did you turn the heat down when you left? Did any of the nights get cold?

Bacteria from poop in the water can grow over a matter of days, causing illness. Wipe the slimy stuff out of the water container every time you change it. When the food is about half shells, not whole seeds, change it.

In case you don't already know, finches need grit to eat as well as food. On warm sunny days give them a bowl of water to bathe in.

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By 1 found this helpful
September 17, 2015

My finches are officially parents and have 2 little hatchlings, it's my first time having bred birds and I'm not aware of the necessary precautions I would need to make sure of. I read around online that people do "nest checks" from the moment the eggs are laid til they are fledglings. Also I want to train the babies to be human prone, not to skittish and timid like the parents.

I greatly welcome any concrete information I can get.

Answer Was this helpful? 1
September 19, 20151 found this helpful

Unfortunately, Finches are one of the wildest bird breeds that people keep as pets. They are considered extremely difficult to adapt to humans and are almost always skittish.

You can't hand raise these birds as the babies are smaller than peanut M&Ms and can easily be injured.

You can provide fresh food and water, a cuttlebone or crushed eggshell, and grit.

You can keep an eye on the eggs, but honestly, I think the people you describe may not be doing the right thing. A bird is extremely protective over her nest and babies and gets stressed out when people interfere too much. If she gets too stressed she may just decide to abandon the nest. Once a day with a flashlight when she goes to eat should be fine.

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By 1 found this helpful
May 16, 2015

My zebra finches have laid one egg. I need to move to another location. Could moving affect the egg? Will it hatch? Will they lay any other eggs?

Answer Was this helpful? 1
May 20, 20150 found this helpful

They will probably get stressed during the move and ignore any eggs they lay. If they don't sit on the eggs for several days, remove them. They'll be rotten. I'm sure once they're settled in their new place they'll start over.

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By 1 found this helpful
December 1, 2014

I'm very new at breeding finches. I have a pair that have had eggs and they are doing very well at keeping them warm, but I looked at them in the morning and I think the mother died. Will the father take care of them or will I have to as I have no way to keep them warm. Is there a way to keep them warm without having to buy stuff? Thank you.

By Kerry

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December 1, 20140 found this helpful

The father should take care of them. If he doesn't, it's probably better they don't hatch anyway, unfortunately, since the dad won't feed them if he didn't even bother to sit on them. Sorry about your bird.

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By 0 found this helpful
May 19, 2016

I got 1 couple of Zebra finches (male and female) about 4 months ago. I had a small cage at first, but then after reading more about them, I bought them a big one and they were happy with it. That's when they started mating and the female would lay eggs about everyday into the food container and sit in it. I did not want them to nest and that's why I did not get them a nest, so I would throw the egg away, but as soon as the next day there would be another egg. This lasted for about 2 months with an average of 3 eggs per week. Now that has dropped to about 1 a week. The female stopped moving like before. She would sit in the food container all day with just a couple of minutes of exercise in the morning, but staying still in the food container all day. I try to scare her sometimes to come out, but she would go back in right after that. What seems to be the problem?

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May 22, 20160 found this helpful

I think she is depressed.

If you don't want birds to reproduce, do not get a male and female. It is natural for them to do this.

Your female bird should get along with other females. Will the pet store let you exchange your male for a female bird? The male would rather be with a female that is allowed to mate, and I'm sure the female would rather not prepare to care for babies that never appear.

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June 16, 20160 found this helpful

First you have to realize, when you get an animal. You have to get the pet concept out of your head. because you will never have adequate compassion for the bird.

Animals have the same feelings as humans. Can you take a cub from a lioness or a puppy from a dog. By you throwing the eggs away, showed no compassion at all for your bird. And never forget, animals can sense your feelings as we can sense someone who is angry around us. as I stated. We have to get out of the mind frame of calling animals pets. Your will bond much better without that mind frame.

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July 19, 20160 found this helpful

you can't let her lay eggs like that she will become egg bound and die ,boil some egg, and smash up the shells I let them air dry then go over them with a rolling pin sprinkle the shells in a separate dish not in her food . feed her the egg also , remove what ever she is laying the eggs in from the cage if you have a pair you can not give them anything that resembles a nest they will keep breeding and laying eggs if she keeps laying eggs you need to separate them or she will die from laying that many eggs constantly

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January 23, 20150 found this helpful

I have read online that Zebra finches need 10-12 uninterrupted hours sleep a night. We keep ours in an uncovered cage in a room where there are large windows and glass doors, so they wake up at the first sight of daylight, and start singing. In the winter they get close to 10-12 hours sleep, but I am wondering what they need in the summer months, as then they will be waking up between 4 and 5 am, and will get less hours of sleep. Is this a problem? Should they be getting less hours of sleep in the summer or should it be 10-12 hours all the year round?

By P.S.

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January 10, 20160 found this helpful

What I do to keep my Zebra finches asleep is put a blanket over their cage. Then, when they start singing take off the blanket.

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November 26, 20140 found this helpful

I have two female zebra finches and they are building a nest together and dancing together like they would if it was a male and female. Is that normal?

By Jane

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December 3, 20140 found this helpful

Where did you get them? Do you know if they were raised by single mothers? Finches imprint on their parents to use as models for a mate later on. If the males were introduced to the females just for mating, then removed, that would cause this. Zebra finches should be raised by both parents.

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May 6, 20140 found this helpful

I got some zebra finches last week and they love millet sprays, but I know that budgies and cockatiels shouldn't have millet sprays all the time because they are high in fat. I usually give my budgie/cockatiels one or two sprays a week so they don't get overweight and I was wondering if I should do the same with my finches or if they can have the millet sprays whenever they want. I'm really enjoying my finches, they are so cute and tiny! Thanks! :)

By Aly P.

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May 8, 20140 found this helpful

No doubt the same feeding routine for the cockatiels and budgies with the millet sprays would be fine for the finches. Enjoy the wee birds but be warned they are very quick so protect the cage door entries as they could escape very easily. I put a length of shade cloth over the door so as to put my hand through on opening to lesson the chances of them escaping. Just cut the cloth to size then wire the top of the shade cloth across the top of the entrance & let the cloth hang loose over the door. Good luck - keeping birds is a pleasure.

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August 20, 20130 found this helpful

My zebra finch female is sleeping during the afternoon; is it normal?

By Zoukaa

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May 3, 20150 found this helpful

Your bird might be sick. Contact a vet ASAP.

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By 0 found this helpful
April 2, 2011

I have 4 zebra finches, 2 males and 2 females. One of the females laid four eggs in one nest and is sitting on a different nest with all the others. After 1 week or something she laid 4 more in another nest and all of the birds sit on them, but during the day they don't. If anybody could explain please? Thank you.

By Fayed from Giza, EG

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April 3, 20110 found this helpful

I called my sister-in-law who once owned Zebra finches as I know nothing about them and she said, "The female will sit on the nest much longer and hardly get off it the closer the time comes for the eggs to hatch. When the female first lays her eggs, she will leave her nest a few days for food and water and will get back on the nest. It's more the bird's nature."

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By 0 found this helpful
April 25, 2016

My zebra finches Rosie and Harry won't let me go near their cage and I can't even go past the cage without them trying to peck me. I'm only young so I don't know what to do?

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By 0 found this helpful
March 1, 2016

I saw some zebra finches at our local pet store and fell in love. I have had birds before but not this breed. I have been researching them online and found that they like to breed. I do not want to breed them so is it OK to get a couple females or males instead of one of each. Thanks.

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By 0 found this helpful
January 2, 2016

I have two finches, a male and a female. After a lot of eggs they finally got one baby going on, but he was injured because of our neighbor's cat. Then they kept attacking him, so I took him to the vet. He's doing good, but his paw is black which means it's dead. I am waiting for the vet to reopen to take him back. Even if the baby finch is doing good, every time I put him back in the cage with his parents they keep attacking him hard. So I put him again in a smaller cage. My question is, when can I put him back again with his parents? Will he be OK by himself? He's, I think one month or two months old, but still wants his mother,

My second question, I have a very large cage with the finch parents and two canary birds, female and male, but they don't breed. Is it OK to keep the two canaries with the finches? I see they are doing good so I'm not really worried, but I don't see the canaries breeding they don't get close at all.

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June 7, 20140 found this helpful

Should I give my finches some time outside in their cage to get fresh air?

By A S

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April 9, 20140 found this helpful

Can I use real grass on the bottom of my finch cage?

By Geordie

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February 17, 20130 found this helpful

My mom finches just had babies should I feed the mom some kind of special food?

By Lisa

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By 0 found this helpful
April 28, 2012

Our finches had eggs which hatched. The father was feeding them until he died. He's been dead for about a day, and though we haven't been watching very diligently, we haven't seen the mother feeding them yet. I was just wondering if we should do something, or let the mother take care of them on her own?

By Dale C.

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March 29, 20120 found this helpful

I have 2 finches, a male and a female, who had 10 eggs. They laid them in a small open nest. We are afraid that when they do hatch they will fall out and die. We have a larger closed nest that we want to put in, but they might leave the other nest with the eggs. Can we transfer the eggs from one nest to another without interfering with the hatching of the egg?

By Sweetie Sugercane

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ThriftyFun is one of the longest running frugal living communities on the Internet. These are archives of older discussions.

April 2, 20110 found this helpful

I just got 4 Zebra finches, 2 girls and 2 boys. I have both pairs in the same cage. One pair already laid 4 eggs. But, the father is always sitting on the eggs, and the mother sits on them only sometimes. Is this normal?

By AnimalGirl1O1 from North Hills, CA


Information on Zebra Finches

It's normal for the male and female finches to share incubation time. As it get closer to the time the babies will hatch, momma will begin spending more and more time on the eggs. She's off eating to bolster herself up so she can feed the little ones.

Once they hatch, for a day or so, she'll probably spend all her time with the chicks feeding and guarding them; the male bird will feed her. After a few days, the male will be allowed to keep the chicks warm while mom goes on a brief feeding frenzy. (06/15/2010)

By MsHawklet

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June 12, 20100 found this helpful

I have a pair of Zebra finches that have both been sitting on 8 eggs for almost three weeks now. My concern is when I look at the eggs I see yolk and a hollow space.

I read somewhere that I should be able to see small veins. Does this mean the eggs are not fertile? This happened with the last clutch (I tossed them out at 3 1/2 weeks). I don't understand what's going on.

By Christie from Dubuque, IA


Information on Zebra Finches

I have had finches also. Female birds can lay eggs that are not fertile. Finch incubation is from 13-18 days. If they haven't hatched by then they are not fertile. I would just get them out of the cage and dispose of them. Anyway, good luck. (01/04/2010)

By LULUbobo

Information on Zebra Finches

If you think that the eggs are not fertile, go ahead and let her sit on them for a couple of weeks. If you take them away before she feels that she has completed her "mission" she will continue to lay, and could very possibly get calcium-depletion from the continued egg production. (01/11/2010)

By one.of.a.kind

Information on Zebra Finches

I assume you are candling the eggs to visualize them. That is good. Are the parents turning the eggs in the nest? They should be if they think there is a possibility. The parents can delay hatching and slow development by varying the temperature of the eggs.
In the last clutch, when you "tossed the eggs" did you crack them open to see what was going on?
Usually the parents will move the eggs out of the nest or quit sitting them if they are not developing. They will then mate and replace them.

Maybe your male or female is infertile. Check their nutrition, calcium source, and water supply. Vary their food. Grow some of your own. It they can get some direct sun on part of the cage part of the day, that is a good thing. (05/18/2010)

By consulted

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January 4, 20100 found this helpful

I am new to birds. I recently bought Zebra Finches. Now I see there are eggs in the nest. Does anyone have info on these birds that they can share with me? Thanks.



Information on Zebra Finches

Check out this site:


By ThriftyFun

Information on Zebra Finches

We recently had 2 babies hatch. I give my finches millet, spinach, boiled egg, orange slices, lettuces, and sometimes 1/2 piece of whole wheat toast (good for their beaks). What a joy they are. Just leave them alone; parents will take care of them. On their own they will leave the nest, but let the parents feed them. Have fun. (07/11/2007)

By Reina

Information on Zebra Finches

They will lay a few eggs, and within a few weeks you will have some babies hatching! (02/20/2008)

By Ingrid

Information on Zebra Finches

Just leave the clutch alone and make sure you have enough shredded paper so the male can take it to the nest, and the nest is up high. Once they hatch, throw in some boiled eggs, just a little bit and some green leaf lettuce. (09/12/2008)

By missy

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